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4 Comment on the audio clips

In the audio clips, Angela Yih defined fuel poverty as any household which had to spend more than ten per cent of its income on energy, (believed to apply to 700,000 people in Scotland). This is, of course, a rather vague definition, one that conveys nothing about the effectiveness, or otherwise, of what is spent on keeping warm. As you heard, many people spent as much as 20 per cent or more of their income on fuel, and were still unable to heat their homes adequately in winter. However, this
Author(s): The Open University

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2 Accounting for health

Until relatively recently most of the information available to us about how people think about health and illness was concerned with non-Western societies. There was a time when a search in a good anthropological library in Britain would reveal more about the everyday health beliefs of the peoples of, say, African, Asian or South American countries than could be discovered about the everyday health beliefs of the people of the British Isles. Good (1994), in his book Medicine, Rationality a
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Activity 5

Adapting participatory methods

0 hours 45 minutes

This activity is an opportunity to reflect on how you might adapt and use the ideas introduced in Activity 4. Imagine you are running a summer holiday
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Activity 4

Methods of participation

0 hours 45 minutes

We have considered the values and skills needed to undertake participation work. We will now consider some of the methods that can be used to facilitate chi
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Introduction

The aim of this learning guide is to help you develop a critical understanding of the values, skills and methods associated with children’s participation. You will be encouraged to reflect upon and creatively apply the experiences of children and practitioners to new participatory contexts.

There are six activities in this unit:

  • Activity 1: Introductory reading on children’s participation (allow 6 hours)
  • Activity 2: Share
    Author(s): The Open University

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1.1 The biological effects of ethanol

This section investigates some of the harmful effects that a high level of blood-ethanol can have on the body: both short-term problems such as ‘hangover’, and long-term health problems that are associated with regular heavy drinking. Whilst this section is primarily about the biological effects that ethanol has on various organs of the body, it is important to remember that the socioeconomic effects of heavy drinking are also very serious (Paton, 2005).
Author(s): The Open University

4.3 What about communities?

The last activity looked at the key roles from the perspective of Lynne and Arthur as individuals, but in fact it also says that working with ‘families, carers, groups and communities’ is necessary. Do you think that Dev should also be taking account of the Durrants as a family, as carers and as members of a community? Dev's role in assessing Arthur's needs means that he should also take account of his family circumstances, in other words, Lynne and perhaps her sister. Lynne also has a ca
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1.13 Extract 1 References

Antonovsky, A. (1979) Health, Stress and Coping: New Perspectives on Mental and Physical Well-Being, San Francisco, CA, Jossey-Bass.

Antonovsky, A. (1987) Unraveling the Mystery of Health: How People Manage Stress and Stay Well, San Francisco, CA, Jossey-Bass.

Blaxter, M. (1983) ‘The causes of disease: women talking’, Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 59–69.

Bowling, A. (1991) Measuring Health, Buckingham, Open University Pres
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1.6.6 Professional bodies and societies

Consider joining a learned society or professional organisation. They can be very useful for conference bulletins as well as in-house publications, often included in the subscription. Don't forget to ask about student rates. Try looking for the websites of learned societies associated with your subject area (e.g. The Royal Society , the Institute of Electrica
Author(s): The Open University

1.1.4 Evaluating information

How well does the following statement describe your approach to evaluating the information that you use?

When I come across a new piece of information (e.g. a website, newspaper article) I consider the quality of the information, and based on that I decide whether or not to use it.

  • 5 – This is an excellent match; this is exactly what I do


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Acknowledgements

The content acknowledged below is Proprietary (see terms and conditions). This content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence.

All materials included in this unit are derived from content originated at the Open University.

1. Join the 200,000 students curren
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Learning outcomes

After studying this unit you should be able to:

  • Knowledge

  • explain the importance of knowing the law for social care and social work professionals;

  • demonstrate that you understand that social work decision-making must be set within a legal as well as an agency context;

  • outline how the law relates to social work issues;

  • demonstrate that you understand the centrality of the ideas of welfare and rights to social wo
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3.1 Choice of placements

Activity 3: Where are children ‘looked after’?

0 hours 20 minutes

3.4 Evaluating social learning theory

Bandura's work shows that learning can occur without the sorts of reinforcement that behaviourists see as essential, and that children are active in their learning. The sort of learning that Bandura highlighted goes further than simple mimicry. It implies that children extract general principles from what they observe. However, it does not tell us about the nature of the children's thinking or give us an insight into the processes of cognitive change occurring within the child. Moreover, it s
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