After studying this course, you should be able to:

• reflect on the reasons for needing to improve skills in using charts, graphs and tables

• understand the following mathematical concepts and how to use them, through instruction, worked examples and practice activities: reflecting on mathematics; tables; line graphs; bar charts and histograms; pie charts; analysis

• draw on a technical glossary, plus a a list of references to further reading and sources
Author(s): The Open University

• *The Good Study Guide, by Andrew Northedge published by The Open University, 1990, ISBN 0 7492 00448.

Chapter 4 is entitled â€“ â€˜Working with numbersâ€™.

Other chapters are â€˜Reading and note takingâ€™, â€˜Other ways of studyingâ€™, â€˜What is good writing?â€™, â€˜How to write essaysâ€™, â€˜Preparing for examinationsâ€™

• The Sciences Good Study Guide, by Andrew Northedge, Jeff Thomas, Andrew Lane, Alice Peasgo
Author(s): The Open University

We have now looked at a number of different graphs and charts, all of which were potentially misleading. We hope that from now on if you have to work with a graph or a chart, you will always consider the following points:

• look carefully at any horizontal or vertical scale that is given;

• consider each graph or chart separately, don't compare them unless you are sure that they have the same scales;

• if it is not easy to
Author(s): The Open University

Graphs and charts are often used to illustrate information that is discussed in course materials or a newspaper article, so it is important to be able to interpret them correctly. Often, the authors of an article will attempt to emphasise the point they are trying to make by presenting the facts and figures in such a way as to confirm their argument. This is a commonly used journalistic approach, which means that it is essential to examine graphs and charts used to support arguments very care
Author(s): The Open University

The median is the middle value of a set of numbers arranged in ascending (or descending) order. If the set has an even number of values then the median is the mean of the two middle numbers. For example:

1,Â 1,Â 2,Â 5,Â 8,Â 10,Â 12,Â 15,Â 24This set of nine values is arranged in ascending order and the median is 8.
32,Â 25,Â 20,Â 1
Author(s): The Open University

Now examine the piece in more detail. Read it again slowly making sure that you are able to follow its logic from sentence to sentence. Are there any obvious gaps in the argument or any unsubstantiated statements or assertions? Do you agree with its argument or are you attracted by its message? Is its appeal principally emotional or analytical, or both? Analyse the piece in terms of what it doesn't say as well as what it does, and look for its hidden message. What is the scope of the sample o
Author(s): The Open University

## Activity 4

Have a go at reading The Scotsman article again, this time in a more focused way. Think about each section of the text, breaking off at regular intervals in order to identify and extract the main poin
Author(s): The Open University

For a long time there has been a very important argument about what are the â€˜legitimate dataâ€™ of psychology â€“ what can and should be used as evidence. We have already seen that, from the very beginnings of psychology as a formal discipline, psychologists have used experimental methods, observations and introspection. In one form or another these methods continue to be central to psychology. The experimental method, adapted from traditional science, has most consistently been considered
Author(s): The Open University

Since psychology is concerned with the full range of what makes us human, it is not surprising that the scope of the discipline is extensive. Psychology has always been a diverse, multi-perspective discipline. This partly results from its origins. Psychological questions were asked first by philosophers, then increasingly by biologists, physiologists and medical scientists. The diverse origins of psychology are visible if we consider four â€˜foundersâ€™ of psychology â€“ all of whom produced
Author(s): The Open University

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## Study another free course

There are more thanÂ 800 coursesÂ on OpenLearnÂ for you to
Author(s): The Open University

After studying this course, you should be able to:

• demonstrate an awareness of fact and fiction with regard to relationships between young people's health, activity and fitness

• understand how the physical education curriculum can contribute to public health through the design and implementation of practices which promote active, healthy lifestyles

• understand current strategies for increasing young people's participation in physical activities.

Author(s): The Open University

Nicola Morgan at ContinYou, [http://www.readingclub.org.uk, accessed 26 January 2007].
Jack Prelutsky, â€˜I Met a Dragon Face to Faceâ€™ in Good Books, Good Times! By Lee Bennett Hopkins and Harvey Stevenson, HarperCollins.

Author(s): The Open University

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Licence.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this unit:

â€˜The c
Author(s): The Open University

This unit has highlighted some of the fundamental aspects of dance skills, and given you ideas as to what to include and possible approaches to developing such skills in class. It has also looked at the development of performance skills and the use of feedback. You might like to use the Unit Forum to discuss and debate any dance-related issues, share ideas or ask questions.

Dance UK, â€˜Warming Up and Cooling Downâ€™, Information Sheet 3, Articles by Carolin
Author(s): The Open University

Viento en popa: upper intermediate Spanish
This is the first course in the Universityâ€™s Diploma in Spanish. It extends the language skills developed in previous intermediate and introductory courses and includes a compulsory residential school in Spain. The themes of the course range from talking about the past to urbanism. The course is lively and varied, with a wide range of authentic mixed-media material from Spain and Latin America, structured to allow students to evaluate progress, build confidence and encourage participation. The
Author(s): The OpenLearn team

In this activity you are going to use adjectives to describe buildings.

1 Here are some adjectives taken from the text. Translate them into English. Consult the Spanish section of the dictionary if you
Author(s): The Open University

Notice the difference between closed questions and open questions.

Closed questions

These questions are very specific and the answers give precise information.

• Are there sites available?

• Yes.

• Has it got air conditioning?

• No.

• Where is Preston?

• In the north-west of England.

• What's the population?

• 128,000.

• Author(s): The Open University

However, some care relationships are more tightly defined and more hierarchical, for example a doctorâ€™s relationship with a patient. Within the biomedical model, the doctorâ€™s role is to focus on the patientâ€™s body and its functioning. The patientâ€™s role is to report clearly and accurately on the bodyâ€™s functions and the feelings it transmits. There is relatively little scope for the patient to influence the definition of this scene. The doctor generally makes the opening moves, whil
Author(s): The Open University

## Activity 4: Unsuccessful presentations

0 hours 5 minutes

Can you think of a recent situation where you felt uncomfortable because you did not manage to â€˜projectâ
Author(s): The Open University

Diane said that Paul and Stanley helped her with dog minding, gardening, shopping and other jobs around the house. Sometimes they bought her presents.

John said that what he got from Mr Asghar was the reliability of long-term friendship, advice and support through his various recent problems.

Enid mentioned help from relatives and friends, whom she had come to rely on.

At home, Sarah got help from her mother, who was also disabled. She also got help from other students in he
Author(s): The Open University