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3.6 Different paradigms and different methods

These different methods alert us to the fact that psychology is not just one enterprise, but a series of interlocking enterprises in which psychologists have different views about the best ways to try to understand or explain people and their behaviour and experience. These are arguments about epistemology; that is, what questions to ask, what sort of evidence to look for, what sort of criteria to use to evaluate explanations, and what sort of methods to use.

All knowledge and al
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8.2 Broadening perception

Particular perspectives and points of view underpin speaking and writing. Being successful at many academic tasks, including balanced argument, often requires us to be conscious of and to try to break away from our usual perspectives and ways of thinking, and to attend to things we might not normally notice. The challenge is often to be more open-minded and broad in our thinking, to consider more than one point of view in the way that the caffeine article did. It can be useful to have strateg
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2.5 A note on graph drawing

There will be many occasions throughout your study of physics when you will need to draw graphs. This subsection gives some important guidelines for this activity.

  1. Decide which is the independent variable and which the dependent variable. Plot the independent variable along the horizontal axis and the dependent variable along the vertical axis. This is purely a convention but is why, for instance, we usually plot the time
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1.2.6 Encounters with death

Although we each die only once, there may be many a brush with death throughout the course of a person’s life. The experience of having been close to death can have a major impact on the way in which a person continues living. For Elaine, the awareness that she might be about to die has affected the way she lives now that her prognosis is good. She describes herself as prepared for death and impatient of those who are not. She also has difficulty entering fully back into life.


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Acknowledgements

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons licence). See Terms and Conditions.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following for permission to reproduce:

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3.3 Underground mining

Underground mining operations have four significant environmental impacts — spoil heaps, methane build-up, subsidence and water pollution. Spoil heaps have always been the principal surface feature of underground mining operations. However, legislation and technical advances have brought improvements in modern mines, and the closure of many of the UK's older mines has often been followed by successful rehabilitation of mine sites and spoil heaps by landscaping and tree planting.

Coal
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Fluid Dynamics of Drag part 4
Fluid Dynamics of Drag part 4
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Controversy Over Slavery: Fugitive Slave Act
The Fugitive Slave Law and the book Uncle Tom's Cabin led to pro- and anti-slavery groups turn those in the North against slaves. The Kansas-Nebraska Act and the bloody aftermath of these states vote for or against slavery are also explained. Added to this was the Dred Scott decision. A good overview of causes of Civil War and how Lincoln became into the public's mind.

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5.2.1 Discrete variables

The charts about different modes of transport and that on attendance figures at a range of cultural events all use what might be called ‘word categories’. Each category (e.g. bus, rail, cycle, and walk) is quite distinct from any other in the set of categories. Such distinct categories are known in mathematics as ‘discrete variables’.

Word categories are not the only type of variable that is discrete; numbers can also be discrete. For example, at the beginning of this section, w
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4.4 Professional values and a code of practice

Student teachers on school experience will be treated as professional colleagues and this role brings with it the professional responsibilities all teachers share, as well as the requirement for a degree of sensitivity as a visitor in the school. All who are awarded qualified teacher status must uphold the professional code of the General Teaching Council and demonstrate professional values and practice. The following areas have been identified as important for student teachers to consider as
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7.4 Closing thoughts

Of course, doing anything about this needs scientific evidence and understanding, but it also requires social, economic and technological changes, which can only be achieved through political will. If you want to explore some of the broader context, a good place to start would be the New Internationalist issue 357, ‘The Big Switch: Climate Change Solutions’ at New Internationalist.

Faced with the sort of predictions climatologists are making, is it sufficient for science teac
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1.6.5 Folate (folic acid, vitamin B9)

Folate is a generic name for a group of related compounds. The name ‘folate’ was based on the word ‘foliage’, after it was identified in a crude extract from spinach, though it is also found in liver, other green vegetables, oranges and potatoes and it is often added to breakfast cereals (usually listed as folic acid). Folate is less sensitive to heat than many of the B vitamins, though it is destroyed if food is reheated or kept hot for long periods. Folate is involved in amino acid
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Bla bla met ma en pa
1.png

'Seks? De bloemetjes en de bijtjes? Ja ja, dat weet ik allemaal wel.' Grote denkfout! Want weet je al àlle mogelijkheden en àlle voorwaarden? Het is goed om er eens met je ouders over te praten. Bijvoorbeeld als je met anticonceptie …


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3.1 Lifestyle choices

Health is generally considered to be the absence of disease. However, the absence of any symptoms of disease may cause us to mistakenly believe we are healthy. We can't see inside our arteries to know how blocked up they are with fatty deposits without specialised equipment, but that doesn't mean it isn't gradually happening.

You may consider that your heart is healthy. What are your chances, as a member of the general population, of developing cardiovascular diseases now, next year or
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2 Creative communities and ICT

We oppose

‘any prophetic pedagogy

which knows everything before it happens,

which teaches children

that every day is the same,

that there are no su
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1.4.1 Salicylic acid

The structural formula of salicylic acid, 2.1, looks quite complicated. However, it becomes less daunting if you unpack it a bit. One of the first things to do when confronted with an unfamiliar structure is to check that all the valencies are correct (four for carbon, two for oxygen and one for hydrogen). If any atoms have the wrong valency, it follows that there is a mistake somewhere and the molecule does not exist as drawn. It looks OK for the structure of salicylic acid. You proba
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Acknowledgements

This unit was prepared for TeachandLearn.net by John Morgan. John works at Bristol University where he teaches on the geography PGCE course. Before that he taught geography in schools and colleges. He is the co-author of Essential AS Geography (2000) Nelson Thornes and Teaching to Learn Geography (forthcoming) RoutledgeFalmer.

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4.1 Distributive and commutative justice

Justice is commonly thought to have two applications which Aristotle distinguished as ‘distributive’ and ‘commutative’ justice. The first, distributive justice, is concerned with the distributions of things (rights, goods, services and so on) among a class of individuals.

What is distributive justice?

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