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4 Status citizenship

All these organisational initiatives are deeply concerned with labour conditions and the notion of the ‘working citizen’. And their activities raise the issue of status citizenship and the role of legal sanctions. The forms of commitment by firms and their monitoring by the organisations just outlined are voluntary on the part of companies. One of the problems with the emphasis on acts citizenship in the debates about GCC is that the question of status citizenship is largely
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12/4/08: The Mormon Handcart Tragedy
The perils of 19th century westward migration are well-known from stories of the famous Donner Party. But in 1856 - five times as many people died in two Mormon handcart companies that had gotten a late start out of Iowa. Caught by early snow in
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Active galaxies

Figure 6 shows a schematic optical spectrum of an active galaxy. It is immediately apparent that the emission lines are stronger and broader than in the spectrum of a normal galaxy shown in Author(s): The Open University

Active galaxies

Figure 10 shows the spectral energy distribution of an active galaxy.

Figure 10
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3.6 Protein kinases

Protein kinases phosphorylate proteins either at tyrosine residues (tyrosine kinases), or at serine and threonine residues (serine–threonine kinases), or on any of these three amino acids (dual-specificity kinases). All these activities are employed in signal transduction pathways (histidine kinases also operate in certain plant and bacterial pathways, but not in animals). You should now be familiar with receptor tyrosine kinases, and have seen in some detail how phosph
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References

Alesina, A. and Perotti, R. (2004) ‘The European Union: a politically incorrect view’, Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol.18, no.4, pp. 27–48.
Buti, M., Eijffinger, S. and Franco, D. (2003) ‘Revisiting the Stability and Growth Pact: grand design or internal adjustment?’, CEPR Discussion Papers, 3692, Centre For Economic Policy Research, London.
Broml
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3.7 Protein phosphatases

Together with inositolphospholipid phosphatases, protein phosphatases are key regulators of signal transduction pathways. Like protein kinases, protein phosphatases are either tyrosine phosphatases (the majority of protein phosphatases, some of which are shown in Figure 44) or serine–threonine phosphatases (including the phosphoprotein phos
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6.3.3 Photomultiplier tubes and detection circuitry

The visible photons are collected by an array of photomultiplier tubes behind the crystal. These convert each visible photon to an electron and then multiply the number of electrons sufficiently to give a voltage pulse. Because the number of visible photons is proportional to the energy of the incoming gamma ray, the height of the pulse depends on this energy. This gives a method of counting the numbers of gamma photons at different energies that reach the crystal.

A resistive network c
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1.8.1 Making and using field sketches

How do we start to make sense of a rock exposure? Drawing a sketch is one of the best ways to start, as it forces you to notice many aspects of the exposure. It also helps you to build up a picture of which aspects are significant and which are incidental or even irrelevant to a geological study. The aim of a field sketch is that it provides a record of your observations (along with notes taken at the same time, and also perhaps a photograph to record details). A sketch is complementary to a
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Amvid of Malaysian plane crash in Ukraine
Amateur video shows smoke from a Malaysian passenger plane that crashed in eastern Ukraine, killing 295 people onboard including 23 U.S. citizens. Deborah Gembara reports. Subscribe: http://smarturl.it/reuterssubscribe More Breaking News: http://smarturl.it/BreakingNews Reuters tells the world's stories like no one else. As the largest international multimedia news provider, Reuters provides coverage around the globe and across topics including business, financial, national, and international
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2.1 Structure and function of the outer and middle ear

Figure 1 is a diagram of the human ear. The outer ear consists of the visible part of the ear or pinna, the external auditory canal (meatus), and the tympanic membrane (tympanum) or eardrum. The human pinna is formed primarily of cartilage and is attached to the head by muscles and ligaments. The deep central portion of the
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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • demonstrate an awareness of the issues surrounding public understanding of science

  • engage with some of the debates surrounding this topic.


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4.4 Stages in assignment writing

Activity 5

Note down in your Learning Journal what you think the stages are that you have to go through in producing an assignment, from beginning to end.

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6.2 Authority and the variety of information sources

Technology has massively increased the number and variety of news sources that we have access to. We still have printed books, magazines and newspapers, while digital techniques have increased the number of broadcast radio and TV channels that we can get. On the Web we have access to online versions of many of these. This allows us access to media that previously would have been inaccessible.

With traditional news sources such as these, we have some understanding of the authority that t
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3.4 Second messengers

In the previous section, we have discussed the principles of second messengers (Section 1.5) and, in particular, those produced by PLC (IP3 and DAG) and PI3 kinase (PI(3,4)P2 and PI(3,4,5)P3). We shall now consider the roles and mechanisms of action of the other chief mediators, which are Ca2+ ions, cAMP and cGMP
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9 Metre

As we have seen, scansion is the act of mapping out stress patterns in order to ascertain the metre (rhythm). In the accentual-syllabic system, the dominant tradition in English, both accents (stresses) and syllables are measured and counted. In accentual metre, the stresses are counted and the syllables can vary. In syllabic metre, the syllables are counted, while the stresses can vary.

Here is pentameter, the line of fi
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1.3 When is the right time to take notes?

Any time that suits you! Increasingly we live in an age where there is more information than we can possibly hope to deal with. One of the most important skills you (or any of us) can develop is how to cope with all this information. Note taking is just one skill that will help you do this. It is important to get into the habit of making notes, and the best way to do this is to find a method that suits you (and the medium you are working in).


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References

Asimov, I., ‘In my Own View’ in ed. Beare, H. (2001), The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Quoted from ‘Education, Technology and Change’ by Megan Blair (accessed on 22 September, 2005).
http://www.cybertext.net.au/tct2002/disc_papers/organisation/blair.htm
DfES (2002), Extended schools: providing opportunities and services for all, p. 6.
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7.7 Planning for quality

Having considered estimating for time and for costs, the third dimension of projects – quality needs to be considered. The need to achieve a particular level of quality may mean that more time must be spent completing certain tasks or that more resources must be made available for a particular purpose. Once the time and cost estimates have been made, review them to ensure that this estimate will allow an outcome of the right quality.

Many organisations have corporate quality assurance
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Introduction

Participating in the democratic processes is seen as being a fundamental aspect of citizenship. All pupils need a broad knowledge and understanding of the rights, responsibilities and duties of citizens, as well as an understanding of forms of government. Notions of citizenship have been forged alongside the expansion of the right to vote and the development of our ideas about democracy. In this unit we explore different interpretations of democracy and strategies for involving pupils in con
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