4.5.2 Anchoring adjustment

Many decisions need revisiting and updating as new information comes available. However, most of us make insufficient anchoring adjustment: this is the tendency to fail to update one's targets as the environment changes (Rutledge, 1993). Once a manager has made an initial decision or judgement then this provides a mental anchor which acts as a source of resistance to reaching a significantly different conclusion as new information becomes available. It is what happens when one has made
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

3.2 Looking into the 'means of conveying a message'

The diagram in Figure 6 shows that, for communication to take place, there needs to be some means of conveying the message between the sender and the recipient. I am now going to look at the essential components of 'means of conveying a message'. In other words, I shall treat 'means o
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

1.4.12 Bad deaths

What about the other end of the spectrum? What constitutes a bad death? Is there less contention about what constitutes a bad death? Extreme pain and discomfort, humiliating dependence and being a burden are obvious, but what about being alone? Many people say they fear dying alone but there are others who would prefer it. Sudden, unexpected deaths are clearly bad for those left behind but are they also bad for those who die in such circumstances? Sudden unexpected deaths used to be considere
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

Keep on learning

Study another free course

There are more than 800 courses on OpenLearn for you to c
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

1.5 Vitamin K

Like vitamin E, vitamin K is fat-soluble and composed of a series of related compounds. Vitamin K is widely distributed in the diet (see Table 1) and it is absorbed from the small intestine with the assistance of bile acids. Vitamin K is also manufactured by the bacteria that inhabit the human large intestine and appears to be absorbed there too. The main role of vitamin K is in blood clotting. This process requires the presence of a number of different chemicals, called clotting factors, in
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

5 The processes

My description of the three subsystems of 'means of conveying a message' has indicated some important processes that each carries out. These are shown in Figure 8. The key processes are those that will always be carried out and they are shown in bold; the other processes may or may not
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

Foot abscess in sheep
This publication on foot abscess in sheep was published by the NSW Department of Primary Industries (Agriculture) in January 2010. The document covers animals affected, the causes, symptoms, and treatments for heel abscess, toe abscess, and how to distinguish between footrot and foot abscess. Images are provided. Authored by Samantha Allan (Regional Veterinary Officer).
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

Abe visits Arlington Cemetery, Holocaust Museum in DC
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe visits Arlington National Cemetery and then the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Rough Cut (no reporter narration). Subscribe: http://smarturl.it/reuterssubscribe More updates and breaking news: http://smarturl.it/BreakingNews Reuters tells the world's stories like no one else. As the largest international multimedia news provider, Reuters provides coverage around the globe and across topics including business, financial, national, and international n
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

Virtual Maths, Shapes, Space and Measure, Tan Table
Calculate the height of a building, Tan Table
Author(s): Leeds Metropolitan University

License information
Related content

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Quake dead are cremated in Nepal
Some of the thousands of people killed in last week's devastating earthquake in Nepal are laid to rest, rescuers find some people still alive under the rubble. Julie Noce reports. Subscribe: http://smarturl.it/reuterssubscribe More updates and breaking news: http://smarturl.it/BreakingNews Reuters tells the world's stories like no one else. As the largest international multimedia news provider, Reuters provides coverage around the globe and across topics including business, financial, national
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

Saving our ecologically important coral reefs
By: nsf Coral reefs are dying. Harboring some of the most diverse species of marine life, corals are ecologically important. Paul Sikkel, a marine ecologist from Arkansas State University, explains why many coral reefs are dying and how we can save them. For more information, visit: http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=129643 http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=124768 http://www.livescience.com/40687-gnathia-marleyi-controversy-nsf-ria.htm...
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

"Probability And Random Variables" Dersi Açıldı:
Doç. Dr. Elif Uysal Bıyıkoğlu tarafından verilen "Probability And Random Variables" dersinin, ders notları ve videoları ODTÜ Açık Ders Malzemeleri Portalına eklenmiştir.
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

Basics of Economics: Action and Exchange
Daniel Sanchez interviews Robert Murphy to discuss his upcoming online course, which consists of six lectures of economics instruction, starting from the ground up. This course is especially good for high schoolers and home schoolers. For more information, or to enroll, visit academy.mises.org.

Our Current Economic Predicament
Interviewed by Merlin Rothfeld and John O'Donnell, Mark Thornton offers an Austrian perspective on our current predicament in the U.S., presents potential likely outcomes, and proposes solutions which may help the U.S. government get out from under its current mountain of debt.

1.1 Aim

This free course introduces you to the proposition that our mental models change through learning, and that the main dr
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

References

Alexander, A. and Morrison, M. A. (1995) ‘Electric toyland and the structures of power: an analysis of critical studies on children as consumers’, Critical Studies in Mass Communications, vol. 12, pp. 344–53.
Bandura, A. (1965) ‘Influence of models’ reinforcement contingencies on the acquisition of imitative responses’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 1, pp. 589–95.

Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

5.3.1 Torus

If x lies on an edge, then each of the two points in [x] has a half-disc-like neighbourhood. When we identify edges, these neighbourhoods fit together to form disc-like neighbourhoods on the torus, as Figure 105 shows.

Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

4.2 Formulating rules

Activity 4 should have shown you that the language used for making rules can sometimes make them difficult to understand. Given that we can only comply with a rule if we know what it means, this is a big problem! In this part of the unit we are going to look at the process of making rules in more detail – and you are going to have the opportunity to make a rule that can be understood and which is effective in achieving what it sets out to do.

It is worth restating that rules are made
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2013 The Open University

1.1 Themes shaping practice

There are five main themes running through this course. These themes, though not uncontested or fixed, are based on core principles and ideas that shape practice in the field of social care and social work in the statutory, independent and voluntary sectors. They are:

  1. Partnership

  2. Empowerment and anti-oppressive practice

  3. Rights

  4. Accountability

  5. Valuing diversity.

Below y
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

1.2 Different reasons for doing PhDs

Just as there are different views of what a PhD is or means, there are different reasons for undertaking a PhD, ranging from the pragmatic – acquiring a research credential for academia or for industry – to the idealistic – aspiring to deep scholarship. And students have many reasons in between, including things like curiosity, a drive to chase a long-held question, and the need to prove oneself. What's important here is not the reason for starting, but the compelling reason for finishi
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University