Wealth Strategies: Shapiro leaves SEC better off: TMX CEO
Dec. 6 - Tom Kloet, CEO of Toronto Stock Exchange operator TMX, feels Mary Shapiro's successor at the SEC inherits a better agency than she did and says the fiscal cliff has dampened spending around the world.
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

EdgeShow 45 - Windows Azure Networking | Edge

Joey Snow talks with Ganesh Srinivasan, Program Manager in the Windows Azure Networking team, about all things to do with Windows Azure networking. [08:57] Topics include:

  • Changes in networking for Azure
  • What tools you can use to connect and manage networks
  • Firewall changes for edge connection devices
  • Common misconfigurations and misconceptions about azu
    Author(s): RicksterCDN, Joey Snow

    License information
    Related content

    Rights not set

3XSQ: McDonald's sales rebound in November
Dec 10 - McDonald's global sales at established restaurants rebounded in November after suffering their first monthly drop in 9 years in October.
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

4.4.3 Buffer strips

The interface between aquatic ecosystems and the land is an ecotone that has a profound influence on the movement of water and water-borne contaminants. Vegetation adjacent to streams and water bodies can help to safeguard water quality, particularly in agricultural landscapes. Buffer strips are used to reduce the amounts of nutrients reaching water bodies from runoff or leaching. They usually take the form of vegetated strips of land alongside water bodies: grassland, woodland and wet
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Except for third party materials and/or otherwise stated (see terms and conditions) the content in OpenLearn is released for use under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share

2.3 Global power demand

In Section 2.2 we calculated a value of 14.3 TW for the average global requirement for primary power in 2002
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Except for third party materials and/or otherwise stated (see terms and conditions) the content in OpenLearn is released for use under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share

6 Summary

Solar power is an immense source of directly useable energy and ultimately creates other energy resources: biomass, wind, hydropower and wave energy.

Most of the Earth's surface receives sufficient solar energy to permit low-grade heating of water and buildings, although there are large variations with latitude and season. At low latitudes, simple mirror devices can concentrate solar energy sufficiently for cooking and even for driving steam turbines.

The energy of light shifts el
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Except for third party materials and/or otherwise stated (see terms and conditions) the content in OpenLearn is released for use under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share

Learning outcomes

By the end of this unit you should be able to:

  • explain the principles that underlie the ability of geothermal energy to deliver useable energy;

  • outline the technologies that are used to harness the power of geothermal energy;

  • discuss the positive and negative aspects of geothermal energy in relation to natural and human aspects of the environment.


Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Except for third party materials and/or otherwise stated (see terms and conditions) the content in OpenLearn is released for use under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share

Acknowledgements

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this unit:

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence.

Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Except for third party materials and/or otherwise stated (see terms and conditions) the content in OpenLearn is released for use under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share

4.1 Introduction

Nuclear power generation involves concentrated fissionable fuels which, after fission, leave significant quantities of fission-product isotopes, some of which are highly radioactive. Much of the criticism levelled against the industry falls under four main headings to which we have alluded in preceding sections:

  1. the operational safety of nuclear reactors;

  2. the biological effects of abnormal radiation levels arising from fuel transport,
    Author(s): The Open University

    License information
    Related content

    Except for third party materials and/or otherwise stated (see terms and conditions) the content in OpenLearn is released for use under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share

2.6 Transcytosis

The components of the endocytotic pathways also function to transfer material within a cell. In vertebrates, most cells depend on nutrients from the blood even though they are not in direct contact with the blood. Diffusion of molecules from the blood to the tissues would in many cases be just too slow. Transcytosis is the transfer of molecules across cells from one side to the other, a process that entails endocytosis, vesicular transfer and exocytosis, and which speeds the bulk movem
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Except for third party materials and/or otherwise stated (see terms and conditions) the content in OpenLearn is released for use under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share

1.4 Specialised intermediate filaments

Compared with other cytoskeletal elements, intermediate filaments are more like a fixed scaffolding for the cell. They have a higher tensile strength than microtubules and microfilaments. Consequently they contribute greatly to the overall integrity of the cell and preservation of its shape. Not all eukaryotic cells have cytoskeletal intermediate filaments, and of those that do, each cell type has its own distinct set of intermediate filaments. The intermediate filaments, being cell-type spec
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Except for third party materials and/or otherwise stated (see terms and conditions) the content in OpenLearn is released for use under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share

References

Alberts, B., Johnson, A., Lewis, J., Raff, M., Roberts, K. and Walter, P. (2002) Molecular Biology of the Cell (4th edn), Garland Science, New York.
Cowley, S., Paterson, H., Kemp, P. and Marshall, C. J.(1994) 'Activation of MAP kinase is necessary and sufficient for PC12 differentiation and for transformation of NIH 3T3 cells', Cell, vol. 77, no. 6, pp. 841–52.
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Except for third party materials and/or otherwise stated (see terms and conditions) the content in OpenLearn is released for use under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share

5.3.3 Phosphorylation of proteins as a means of regulating activity

Phosphorylation is an important mechanism for regulating the activity of many proteins, either switching on or switching off some activity of the protein.

  • What protein that we have already discussed is both positively and negatively regulated by phosphorylation?

  • Src kinase activity is switched on by dephosphorylation of
    Author(s): The Open University

    License information
    Related content

    Except for third party materials and/or otherwise stated (see terms and conditions) the content in OpenLearn is released for use under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share

1.5.4 Functions and the function notation

In Figure 25, the position x of the car depends on the time t. The graph associates a particular value of x with each value of t over the plotted range. In other circumstances we might know an equation that associates a value of x with each value of t, as in the case of the equation x = At + B that we discussed in Section 3. You can invent countless other ways in which x depends on t: for instance x = 
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Except for third party materials and/or otherwise stated (see terms and conditions) the content in OpenLearn is released for use under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share

5.2 Pseudo-ruminants

Animals in the third suborder of the Artiodactlya, the pigs, peccaries and (according to most authorities) the hippopotamuses (suborder Suina), use a slight variant on the ruminant method, and are often referred to as pseudo-ruminants. You might like to add this information to your version of Table 2. These animals do have st
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Except for third party materials and/or otherwise stated (see terms and conditions) the content in OpenLearn is released for use under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share

1 The herbivores

As you work through this unit you will come across boxes, like this one, which give you advice about the study skills that you will be developing as you progress through the unit. To avoid breaking up the flow of the text, they will usually appear at the start or end of the sections.

As well as the unit t
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Except for third party materials and/or otherwise stated (see terms and conditions) the content in OpenLearn is released for use under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share

3.9 Moon41: Apollo 15 station 2

The panorama was collected by James B. Irwin at Station 2. David Scott is to the left of the rover. He is examining a boulder. The large hill to the left of the rover is the summit of Mt. Hadley Delta. (QuickTime, 400KB, note: this may take some time to download depending on your connection speed)

3.3 Moon35: Apollo 11 station 4

This panorama was collected by Neil Armstrong from a spot east of the landing module while Buzz Aldrin was unloading the science packages. (QuickTime, 500KB, note: this may take some time to download depending on your connection speed)