1 Overview

This course begins with some explanations of culture and discussion of how to distinguish between national and organisational culture. Reading what some well-known writers on organisational and national culture have to say will help you recognise some of the main dimensions of culture and reinforces that all of us, including organisations, construct different views of the world as a result of cultural influences. Thus culture plays a key role in the ways in which organisations perceive the en
Author(s): The Open University

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3.3 Beveridge and the move towards a ‘species of universalism’

The 1942 Beveridge Report laid the foundations for the 1946 National Insurance Act and the creation of the welfare state. This represented a central plank of the post Second World War reconstruction. State pensions were viewed as offering a basic minimum income to old people, thereby constituting them as part of the nation's social citizenry. However, cultural and economic imperatives privileging the needs of the young over those of the old meant older people's citizenship rights were in real
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4.4 Historical note on the Euler characteristic

A little history is instructive here, because it shows how difficult Theorem 9 really is. By 1900 the classification of compact surfaces was well understood, although proofs of the major theorems relied more on intuition than would be acceptable today. Attention switched to objects called ‘3-manifolds’, topological spaces each point
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De Carle Lectures 2012: Professor James Cox – Making Mwari Christian: The Case of the Shona of Zim
Professor Emeritus James Cox of the University of Edinburgh presents his 2012 De Carle lecture on the topic of “Making Mwari Christian: The case of the Shona of Zimbabwe”. 16 May 2012.
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Integration of environmental criteria in early stages of digital fabrication
The construction sector is responsible for a big share of the global energy, resource demand and greenhouse gas emissions. As such, buildings and their designers are key players for carbon mitigation actions. Current research in digital fabrication is beginning to reveal its potential to improve the sustainability of the construction sector. To evaluate the environmental performance of buildings, life cycle assessment (LCA) is commonly employed. Recent research developments have successfully lin
Author(s): Agust?-Juan, Isolda, Hollberg, Alexander and Haber

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Welcome - John Wilton
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Winning Resources and Support
The ability of non-profit organizations to raise funds and awareness for key issues and to provide services is absolutely crucial to many people around the world. As the bridge between the giver and the receiver how do these organizations get started and continue successfully? This album contains interviews with five professionals involved with fund raising organisations. They draw on their expertise and different experiences to raise and explore key fund raising issues - how to increase the amo
Author(s): The iTunes U team

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Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2

From 2D Base Map To 3D City Model
Since 1997 Helsinki City Survey Division has proceeded in experimenting and in developing the methods for converting and supplementing current digital 2D base maps in the scale 1:500 to a 3D city model. Actually since 1986 project areas have been produced in 3D for city planning and construction projects, but working with the whole map database started in 1997 because of customer demands and competitive 3D projects. 3D map database needs new data modelling and structures, map update processes ne
Author(s): Arponen, Matti

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The end of the season
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Author(s): David Howard

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3.5 Studio tape recorders

The importance of tape recording to record production cannot be overemphasised. From its development until the coming of digital tape recorders in the late 1970s, the analogue tape recorder was at the heart of the professional music recording studio. Initially, the full width of the standard quarter-inch tape was used for making monophonic recordings. Stereo needed two tracks – one for each channel. Rather than doubling the tape width, a decision was made to halve the track width by incorpo
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Ubiquitous Training of Visual-Spatial Skills: On the Development of Mobile Applications Using Handhe
This research project seeks to develop m-learning applications that provide training in visual-spatial skills using wireless handheld mobile devices (e.g. PDAs and cellular phones). The paper acknowledges the role of visual-spatial competence as fundamental in science and most creative endeavors, including its critical role in architectural design. It also recognizes that there is a substantial amount of anecdotal evidence suggesting that undergraduate students in architecture have serious limit
Author(s): Angulo, Antonieta

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A Technology-Enhanced Metacognitive Strategy
This paper describes the implementation of a technology-enhanced metacognitive strategy that seeks to improve the learning outcomes in beginners design studios. The implementation was based on the use of time-based rich-media tools that allowed the students to document and present the different stages of their design process. The results of the design assignment in the experimental group were compared with the results of the same assignment implemented without such a metacognitive strategy and t
Author(s): Angulo, Antonieta

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2.6.1 Connectors

Many techniques have been used to design connectors that align the fibre ends accurately with high reliability and a long lifetime. The development of such components, at a low enough price, has been an important part of the overall development which has made fibre a feasible proposition for commercial transmission systems.

With fibre attenuation down to 0.2 dB km−1 (for single-mode fibre), the losses resulting from connectors and splices can be very significant over a whol
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Hitlers Death - The Final Report - Part 5 of 5
There are images of a film that represented Hitler's death. One of the prisoners who had been in the bunker is shown today retelling the story again at the same place where the bodies had been burnt. There are images of the skull parts that were found in the place. The last remains fo the bodies were destroyed in 1970.
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Invasion of Poland 1 of 3
1943 War Department Film Bulletin No 48 produced by the Signal Corps Photographic Center. Invasion of Poland in Sept of 1939 which was the beginning of WWII. Contains footage shot by German troops and confiscated by the Allied Forces of artillery and infantry attacks which resulted in the capture of Warsaw. (06:51)
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The Role of Advanced VR Interfaces in Knowledge Management and Their Relevance to CAD
This paper introduces knowledge management and computer aided visualisation as a key in establishing both valuation and value creation capabilities in the enterprise where dissemination of knowledge and effective sharing of information through collaboration spur creativity and stimulate business practices. The paper draws an original approach for the design and development of a universal information/knowledge visualisation tool and outlines the mechanics that enable the working prototype that fo
Author(s): Ahmad Rafi, M.E. and Karboulonis, P.

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Material & Space: Synthesis Strategies based on Evolutionary Developmental Biology
A material system can be defined as a set of self-organized materials, defining a certain spatial arrangement. In architecture, this material arrangement acts as a threshold for space, though space often only appears as a by-product of the material organization. Treating space as a resulting, therefore secondary, independent product minimizes the capacity to generate architecture that is astutely aware of concerns of functionality, environment and energy. An effective arrangement of material can
Author(s): Ahlquist, Sean; Moritz Fleischmann

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Organisation and Connections
In this final episode Ivan Gololobov discusses the organisation of the punk scene and its connections to other social and cultural movements.
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Importing photos into the Organizer
Video tutorial describing the process to import media into Elements Organizer.
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