3 Personal agency, participation and refusal: gathering evidence

While it is difficult to exaggerate the impact of this construction of ‘welfare dependency’, particularly in the USA, this construction does not go unchallenged. A very wide range of groups of people who are poor or who are subject to discrimination succeed in shaping welfare arrangements by evading, refusing or resisting policies. Historically, there are numerous examples of collective agency in resisting and reshaping welfare policies. In the USA, Fox Piven and Cloward (1977) trace the
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1.1 Preamble

This course is about animals' structural and physiological adaptations to living permanently in cold climates; hibernation, a special response to transient or seasonal cold, is described in the OpenLearn course Animals at the extremes: hibernation and torpor (S324_2). Living in a polar climate involves adaptations of many physiological systems: appetite, diet, energy storage and reproductive habits as well as thermoregulation. In many cases, such changes involve ‘ordinary’ physiolo
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DIO : the international journal of scientific history
'DIO: The International Journal of Scientific History' is a full-text ejournal, edited from Florida State University. The editors are inclined to accept articles by... "astrononomers, physicists, mathematicians, & classicists - not historians". Published three times a year, at June 2009 the journal has 27 issues online. Issues usually offer between two and six articles, freely available as PDF files. Example article titles include: 'The Babylonian Theory of the Planets'; 'The Southern Limit of
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Shared Thinking
Shared Thinking is a group learning technique supported by voting technology (EVS Electronic Voting System technology) or interactive whiteboards. It provides a way of sharing the thoughts of everyone in the room to generate a resource for individual and collective learning. Key outcomes relate to social-emotional benefits, greater participation and learning benefits. It can be used for developing learning communities in face to face settings. Shared Thinking was created by Nicholas Bowskill, wh
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Art and architecture
The Louvre was designed to house a great art collection for the people of France. Was there a plan from the outset to build a canon of work where the relationships between artists, their origins, their schools and faiths could be traced across centuries? And how did architect I.M.Pei persuade President Mitterrand to allow a pyramid to be built at the Louvre? The album goes on to explore how architecture can reflect relationships between different traditions. Two great buildings, Palladio’s chu
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Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2

2.1 Preamble

Here are some quotes from the 'Summary for Policymakers' (SPM) included in the report from the scientific working group in the IPCC TAR (IPCC, 2001a):

  • The Earth's climate system has demonstrably changed on both global and regional scales since the pre-industrial era, with some of these changes attributable to human activities.

  • Globally, it is very likely that the 1990s was the warmest decade and 1998 the warmest year in the instrument
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3.1 Modelling properties

This section provides a model for properties interpreted in terms of the average thermal energy of all the constituent atoms of a material. Since absolute temperature T is a measure of average atomic kinetic energy, we shall expect to be looking at properties that change gradually with T, roughly proportionally, over a wide range. In terms of the classification introduced in Author(s): The Open University

Kanji Video Lesson #18: Looking Deeper Into Kanji
Learn Japanese with JapanesePod101.com! We hope that you’re enjoying learning to draw and pronounce Japanese Kanji with these awesome video lessons. It’s time to add to your knowledge with another cool Kanji. You’ll be a master of the On-yomi and Kun-yomi readings after you’re done with this lesson. This Japanese Kanji video lesson shows the [...]
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Why the German economy is in a rut


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9.322J Genetic Neurobiology (MIT)
This course deals with the specific functions of neurons, the interactions of neurons in development, and the organization of neuronal ensembles to produce behavior. Topics covered include the analysis of mutations, and molecular analysis of the genes required for nervous system function. In particular, this course focuses on research work done with nematodes, fruit flies, mice, and humans.
Author(s): Littleton, Troy,Quinn, William

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Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative C

Regional Security and Middle Power Diplomacy
This lecture is the Annual Dr John Gee Memorial Lecture and was presented by the Lowy Institute for International Policy and The Strategic and Defence Studies Centre. Dr Kelly will address the Rudd Government's approach to regional security and middle power diplomacy. He will cover the role of the three pillars - the US alliance, membership of the United Nations, and comprehensive engagement with the countries of Asia and the Pacific - in shaping Australia's role in the region and the world
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Unravelling the mysteries of chromsomes
The DNA in our cells is tightly packed into structures called chromosomes. The role of the physical structure of chromosomes in diseases and genetics is being explored thanks to recent advances in technology that allow scientists to look at how the DNA is packaged into chromatin- the structures that form chromosomes. In this lecture Dr Grigoryev will discuss current models of chromosome organisation, several examples of cutting edge research aimed at understanding role of chromatin in cell diffe
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The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation’s New Strategic Concept
The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) is a politico-military alliance of countries from Europe and North America. It provides a unique link between these two continents for consultation and cooperation in the field of defence and security, and the conduct of multilateral crisis management operations. In his only public lecture in Australia, NATO's senior military commander, Admiral Giampaolo Di Paola, will speak on NATO's new Strategic Concept, its relationships with allies, and operatio
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Fair Health: Health Inequities Within and Between Countries - A Global Challenge
The 20th century has seen impressive gains in health and life expectancy in many parts of the world – but these improvements are unequally distributed. In every country, poor people and those from socially disadvantaged groups get sicker and die sooner than people in more privileged social positions. Not only is there a gap in health between the best-off and the worst-off in society, there is a gradient in health running between them. This gradient can be linked clearly to social and economic
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4.1 Characteristics of processes activated by thermal energy

This is a long section and needs to be studied carefully. Keep your eye on the overall goal of seeking useful thermal effects on which to base devices.

This section continues the discussion of heat at an atomic level. You will need this background to appreciate the characteristics of processes activated by thermal energy – for example, the softening of glass in a gas flame, the diffusion of atoms through solids, the electrical conductivity of ceramics, and many chemical reactions. Suc
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1.1 Popular conceptions about addiction and neural ageing

First of all, consider the following statements found in popular information media:

  • Some addictions are in the mind, like that to shopping, gambling or the internet, whereas others are in the body, like an addiction to heroin, alcohol or food.

  • Once you have tried cannabis, you are hooked for life. The craving for cannabis will never go away.

  • The thinking patterns of an addicted brain can never be changed.

  • Sm
    Author(s): The Open University

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13.4 Flash memory

Flash memory is an electronic form of memory which can be used, erased and reused. A flash memory card is a small storage device used to store data such as text, pictures, sound and video. These cards are used in portable devices such as digital cameras and in small portable computers, such as Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs).

A USB flash memory, sometimes called a 'memory stick', is a small storage device which is completely external and connects to the computer via a USB por
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Introduction

This unit is from our archive and it is an adapted extract from Care, welfare and community (K202) which is no longer in presentation. If you wish to study formally at The Open University, you may wish to explore the courses we offer in this curriculum area.

A major pressure for change in the way that social welfare servi
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Introduction

Culture is just one perspective that can help us to understand more about a business. 'Business culture' is not just about how others see a business, but also about how the individuals within an organisation understand it. In this unit we explore how the concept of culture developed from research into differences between cultures at a national level. It is possible to see, or ‘feel’, that one business is different from another, and that this involves more than just how it presents itself
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Tower Views- HSC Collaborative Campaign
Learn more about a new collaborative campaign "All hands on deck" at The University of Toledo Medical Center with VP for External Affairs Larry Burns.
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