4.15.1 Ontologies

We noted earlier that, in philosophy, an ontology refers fundamentally to ‘being’, or ‘what can be’. In the field of artificial intelligence the term ‘ontology’ has been appropriated to mean a ‘reusable terminological scheme’ or, if you prefer, a ‘conceptualisation’: a scheme for providing a rigorous description of the concepts, attributes and interrelationships deemed relevant to describe a particular aspect of the world. Its precision means that it can serve as an agreed
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4.1 Characteristics of processes activated by thermal energy

This is a long section and needs to be studied carefully. Keep your eye on the overall goal of seeking useful thermal effects on which to base devices.

This section continues the discussion of heat at an atomic level. You will need this background to appreciate the characteristics of processes activated by thermal energy – for example, the softening of glass in a gas flame, the diffusion of atoms through solids, the electrical conductivity of ceramics, and many chemical reactions. Suc
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1.1 Policy delivery

The question of policy delivery seems to be growing in importance. So, for example, the Blair governments in the UK were, from the outset, preoccupied with ‘delivery, delivery, delivery’ as ministers and prime minister grew increasingly frustrated with what was often viewed as the intransigence of public service professionals. The constant cycle of change, in which new policies and initiatives were introduced in rapid succession, producing what critics described as ‘policy overload’ o
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Spanish Vocab Builder #28 - Music
Learn Mexican Spanish with SpanishPod101.com ! Our Mexican Spanish vocabulary lists are listener favorites, and now we’ve made it even better! In each lesson, you’ll hear the Mexican Spanish words and phrases from the Mexican Spanish vocabulary lists. Join us for Mexican Spanish Vocab Builder! In this lesson, you’ll learn words and phrases for Music. Click [...]
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Acknowledgements

Professor David Lambert is Chief Executive of the Geographical but remains Research Associate of the Institute of Education (London). He is a former secondary geography teacher (for 12 years) and developed a scholarly interest in assessment issues following the introduction of the national curriculum. He also has a research interest in the way teachers select and use textbooks with pupils. He has a long-standing concern with moral and cultural aspects of geography education and is current
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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • identify factors that have influenced the development of financial reporting

  • provide examples of how those factors have effected change in particular countries

  • list a number of variables that affect the development of accounting rules in different jurisdictions

  • explain the contingent model of accounting change

  • apply the theories of accounting development to new situatio
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4.1 The boundary of the operations system

The simple transformation model in Figure 1 provides a powerful tool for looking at operations in many different contexts. It helps us to analyse and design operations in many types of organisation at many levels.

This model can be developed by identifying the boundaries of the operations system through which an organisation's goods or services are provided to its customers or clients. Author(s): The Open University

Sheep Baaing On the Farm - Fun Sheep Video for Children
Collection of sheep on the farm, including grazing and feeding. (02:42)
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Galileo Biography, Part VI
This is an animated biography of Galilei Galileo from the Discovery Channel Education series. This series is aimed at older elementary school children. Run time 03:02.
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International teams arrive in Kathmandu
International rescuers flock to Kathmandu, Nepal, to help search for survivors from the devastating earthquake. Rough Cut (no reporter narration). Subscribe: http://smarturl.it/reuterssubscribe More updates and breaking news: http://smarturl.it/BreakingNews Reuters tells the world's stories like no one else. As the largest international multimedia news provider, Reuters provides coverage around the globe and across topics including business, financial, national, and international news. For ove
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17ème Journée Française de l’Épilepsie 2014 : Des données nouvelles sur la prescription ...

Titre : 17ème Journée Française de l’Épilepsie 2014 : Des données nouvelles sur la prescription des antiépileptiques en France

Intervenants : Hervé VESPIGNANI, Service de neurologie - CHU de Nancy

Résumé : Les 17ème JFE concrétiseront le rassemblement de tous les professionnels de santé et partenaires intervenant dans la filière de soins ...
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References

Ahmad, W. and Atkin, K. (1996) ‘Race’ and Community Care, Milton Keynes, Open University Press.
Booth, T. and Booth, W. (1994) Parenting under Pressure: Mothers and fathers with learning difficulties, Buckingham, Open University Press.
Butt, J. and Mirza, K. (1996) Social Care and Black Communities: A review of recent research studies, London, HMSO.<
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4.1 Why was change needed?

Brenda Nickson highlights the absence of any support when her son was young; ignorance in the medical profession; the need for respite care, leisure provision, and some contact with other parents with similar problems.

Ann and Michael Tombs also mention the need for more services; the importance of a pressure group demanding changes; the need for a campaign to ensure that people with learning difficulties got treatment in hospital for things like cataract operations; alternatives to hos
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3 Audio activity

The three clips included in this section are taken from interviews with parents who contributed to the development of the Bedfordshire branch of Mencap.

As you listen to the clips, make notes on why change was needed, and on what pressures for change the speakers mention.

Clip 1

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The Phillips Curve
OpenStax College
By the end of this section, you will be able to: Explain the Phillips curve, noting its impact on the theories of Keynesian economics Graph a Phillips curve […]

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The Story of Wakefield
A basic skills learning resource booklet with interactive activities designed to introduce the Wakefield Museum.
Author(s): Davis, Samantha,Leeds Metropolitan University

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2.11.1 Revision: choosing and booking hotels

In this session, you will revise choosing and booking hotel rooms, understanding directions, identifying and using dates (years).

Activité 56

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1.2 Audio files

The following files accompany the exercise in Section 4.2

Clicking on the link below opens an extract from Section 4.2 of the course (PDF, 1.7 MB) which accompanies the audio clips, also below. Listen to each of them in turn with the extracted pages open (you may like to print them out). Work on the problems at the appropriate places – you'll find the answers at the foot of this page.

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References

Adams, J. (1995) Risk, London, Routledge, Taylor & Francis.
Anderson, N.R. (1992) ‘Eight decades of employment interview research: a retrospective meta-review and prospective commentary’, European Work and Organizational Psychologist, vol. 2, pp.1–32.
Bazerman, M. (1998) Judgement in Managerial Decision Making, New York, John Wiley.
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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • define and use, or recognise definitions and applications of, each of the bold terms

  • give definitions of the terms ‘hibernation’, ‘torpor’ and ‘adaptive hypothermia’, and the three physiological processes that underlie them

  • give examples of the diversity of the major groups of mammals and birds that contain hibernating species

  • describe the physiological changes occurring d
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