Innovative and responsible leadership: Taking a long-term perspective
How can sustainability issues become part of everyday business decisions and should business leaders, especially from family-controlled firms, be looking to take a longer term view rather than get caught up in the 'obsession' with quarterly results?
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Public policy 'necessary' to make low carbon economy a reality
When it comes to the notion of a sustainable low carbon economy, governments around the world may like the concept but are either reluctant or incapable of developing the means to make it reality, says Jonathon Porritt, founder director of Forum for the Future. It has to be done through the markets, through various instruments and market mechanisms -- but the markets cannot do it unaided. It is public policy that will shape the markets, which in turn could deliver a low carbon future.
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Water, water everywhere, each drop more precious
“God has given us water, but He doesn’t pay for the treatment plants!” That, in a nutshell, is the way the chairman of the World Water Council sums up the predicament the world faces regarding both the supply and distribution of water resources.

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A helping hand for families trying to escape the poverty trap in India
Kancheepuram, some 80 kilometres south-west of Chennai, is well known for its 500-year-old heavyweight silk sari tradition. But chances were that its ornate, intricate pieces were woven by children between the age of five and 13, working 12 to 16 hours a day and bonded to a master weaver until their parents’ debt was paid in full.
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2.7 … and becoming more intelligent

Intelligence is a useful commodity: it can help an animal to make sense of its environment and cope with the demands of social behaviour (including courtship and competition). Hunters tend to be relatively intelligent, and otters, pinnipeds and cetaceans, for example, share a playful curiosity that is characteristic of animals that catch other animals for a living. Some especially extravagant claims have been made for the intelligence of the toothed whales, largely because these animals use c
Author(s): The Open University

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Copyright © 2016 The Open University

La question paysanne des hautes terres d'Afrique de l'Est

Caractérisées par une altitude moyenne de 1000 m, de vastes plateaux et un climat équatorial modéré, les hautes terres d’Afrique de l’Est ont toujours été une région propice au développement de l’agriculture. Bien avant l’arrivée des premiers colons, ces terres étaient déjà occupées et organisées autour de la production agricole. A partir de 1850, les modèles de développement importés d’Europe se généralisent dans ces régions, puis se réorganisent à partir de
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Literature Review in Informal Learning with Technology Outside School
When we think about learning, we often tend to think about schools, universities, colleges. If we go a little further and think about learning outside school, we might begin to consider museums, galleries and science centres. What we often tend to overlook, however, is the sort of learning that goes on as part of our normal day-to-day activities when we don't even think we are learning. Today, however, anyone who has an interest in how children learn with digital technologies needs to look beyon
Author(s): Sefton-Green Julian

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A Participatory Design Approach for the Support of Collaborative Learning and Knowledge Building in
Engagement in collaborative learning and knowledge building activities is still a big challenge for many workplace-learning designers. Especially in highly competitive environments people might be reluctant to give away too much of their tacit knowledge. A feeling of ownership and an involvement of the individual in the planning of the learning activities can be important motivational factors. In an international research project called IntelLEO - Intelligent Learning Extended Organization we in
Author(s): Kieslinger Barbara,Pata Kai,Fabian Claudia M.

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Theory-based support for mobile language learning: noticing and recording
This paper considers the issue of 'noticing' in second language acquisition, and argues for the potential of handheld devices to: (i) support language learners in noticing and recording noticed features 'on the spot', to help them develop their second language system; (ii) help language teachers better understand the specific difficulties of individuals or those from a particular language background; and (iii) facilitate data collection by applied linguistics researchers, which can be fed back i
Author(s): Kukulska-Hulme Agnes,Bull Susan

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ePortfolios in Education - Learning Tools or Means of Assessment?
ePortfolios are collections of electronic evidence which capture the idea of lifelong learning ePortfolios at school can support the documentation of competences better than normal tests and assessments. The acquired competences may further be transfered from school to the world of work. On the other hand ePortfolios are powerful tools for learning and reflecting.
Author(s): Dorninger Christian,Schrack Christian

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Structuring collective activities with tasks and plans
Symba is a Web-based framework designed to support collective activities in a learning context. In order to make students explicitly work out their organization it dissociates an "organizational level" and an "activity level" and allows students to describe their organization as plans composed of tasks.
Author(s): Betbeder Marie-Laure,Tchounikine Pierre

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Mapcar: a framework to support the elaboration of the conceptual model of a Knowledge Based System
Constructing a knowledge based system requires the identification of the conceptual primitives and problem-solving strategy that will permit capturing the expertise in an adapted way. This paper presents an approach to support the elaboration of such a conceptual model by data-abstraction. Our work is motivated by the objective of constructing models that correspond to how experts solve problems, which is required for some applications, as, for example, presenting problem-solving in an education
Author(s): Tchounikine Pierre

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Dynamic manipulation schemes of geometrical constructions: Instrumental genesis as an abstraction pr
Dynamic manipulation of geometrical constructions enabled by a specially designed computational tool, called variation tool, is studied during the implementation of proportional geometric tasks in the classroom. The analysis combined the use of two theoretical frameworks: instrumental genesis and situated abstraction. The Dynamic Manipulation Schemes (DMS) developed by 13-year-old students based on the use of the variation tool are reported in the paper. It is indicated that situated abstraction
Author(s): Psycharis Giorgos

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Pour une meilleure intégration de l’utilisateur dans le processus de conception et d’évaluation
Le système TELOS intègre un ensemble d’architectures, de méthodes et d’outils appelés à transformer en profondeur le fonctionnement institutionnel et les pratiques professionnelles en matière de conception, de production et de diffusion de cours et d’apprentissage en ligne. TELOS suppose non seulement l’appropriation de nouveaux outils technologiques, mais aussi un nouveau modèle de travail qui prend appui sur une ingénierie pédagogique rigoureuse et sur l’accès à des banques d
Author(s): Henri France,Maina Marcelo

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The Grid Shared Desktop for CSCL
The Grid Shared Desktop (GSD) is a collaborative environment that provides a multidimensional humans-to-machine-to-humans interface by the means of multiples cleverly intricated desktops. The GSD is a platform independent solution that benefits of the intrinsic advantages of the Grid technology such as scalability and security. In order to verify that our GSD solution meets CSCL requirements, we have conducted experiments in the context of the ELeGI project. As part of the project use cases, the
Author(s): Cerri Stefano A.,Crubézy Monica,Dugénie Pascal,J

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Selected Papers from the Kaleidoscope Convergence Workshop
To foster synergy between research on collaborative, mobile and inquiry learning and between different scientific and methodological perspectives (namely, educational design, psychology and computer science) and to strengthen the cohesion of the community, the Kaleidoscope network has decided to organise a “Convergence Workshop” in conjunction with the 2006 Contractors' General Assembly in Amsterdam, Dec. 4-6. The two fields of collaborative and inquiry learning have bee
Author(s): Hoppe Ulrich,Schoonenboom Judith,Sharples Mike,Was

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Explication et préceptorat, à propos d'une étude de cas dans TéléCabri
Après avoir présenté un cadre d’étude des processus explicatifs, nous présentons l’analyse didactique d’une interaction téléprésente entre un précepteur humain et son élève. Nous montrons comment l’explication n’est pas une propriété intrinsèque du discours mais un attribut, résultat d’une construction de signification pendant l’interaction du précepteur avec son élève.
Author(s): Balacheff Nicolas,Soury-Lavergne Sophie

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Selection and use of domain ontologies in Learning Networks for Lifelong Competence Development
A general problem in life-long learning is how to develop flexible and adaptive learning content, and how to choose and deliver the most appropriate learning activities for the learner. In order to solve this problem, we need to have the proper knowledge model, and clear interpretation how to use it. One possible solution is to use IMS Learning Design for modelling the learning process and ontologies for representing the domain knowledge and competencies. In this paper we present one specific ap
Author(s): Yordanova Korneliya,Stefanov Krassen

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Supporting teachers when diagnosing their students in algebra
In this paper we will describe our current work on the Lingot project. We will focus on the description of a software called « Pépite », the objective of which is to help teachers diagnose their students' algebra competencies. Then we will show how different uses of Pepite by teachers lead us to define several types of diagnosis in order to fit better various users' needs.
Author(s): Delozanne Elisabeth,Grugeon Brigitte,Previt Domini

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Literature Review in Languages, Technologies and Learning
There is no one best way to learn a foreign language, nor a single optimal set of teaching materials. This is because the learners will vary both in how they learn and what they want and need to learn. Good teaching materials may, therefore, be produced according to a number of different approaches to language description, different interpretations of the theory of language learning, and according to different approaches to the process of teaching.,A NESTA FutureLab Series - report 1
Author(s): Milton James

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