Summary of Section 5

  1. The stability of DNA makes it suitable as a store of genetic information.

  2. The susceptibility of DNA to chemical damage allows mutations to arise.

  3. DNA damage can occur due to chemical interactions with reactive molecular species or irradiation. If not repaired, such damage results in base loss or mutations due to mispairing in replication.

  4. Most DNA damage is detected and repaired by the cell.


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Acknowledgements

The content acknowledged below is Proprietary (see terms and conditions) and is used under licence.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to use material:

Course image: Sorin Mutu in Flickr made available under
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6.1 Introduction

The international level can be viewed as an arena of politics in its own right and not just as a context for states and other actors. If we think of the international world in this way, how should relations between states, and other actors on the international stage, be constructed? To what extent should those relations be regulated? We can ask whether relations between states, and states' policy making, should be dictated by allegedly universally shared human rights principles, or by other o
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3.5 The language of law

A potential barrier to understanding, which those new to law can find off-putting, is the use of specialist terminology. This contributes to the perception of law as an elitist and difficult area of study and is something that requires further explanation. Many professions (and social groups) develop their own forms of language to communicate effectively and, in some cases, to signify group membership. In this sense legal language is not unique, but is does have a formal character which can s
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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • discuss basic philosophical questions concerning the nature of consciousness

  • understand problems concerning the nature of consciousness and discuss them in a philosophical way.


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5.2 Sardanapalus – passion and futility

For many of Delacroix’s Romantic contemporaries, versed in Byronic despondency and melancholic ruminations on the futility and transitory nature of worldly pleasure, Sardanapalus expressed the condition of ennui, (melancholy or listlessness) – a kind of inner emptiness, languor, stultification and world-weariness. (The term ennui had been used in medieval French to signify profound sadness, disgust and personal anguish from the seventeenth century onwards it was used
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The theories of reasoned action and planned behaviour

The extended Fishbein model, based on the theory of reasoned action, includes the following components to explain behaviour.

  1. Attitude to the behaviour comprising:

    • a. The strength of the expectancy (beliefs) that the act will be followed by a consequence.

    • b. The value of that consequence to the individual.

    This is the basic expectancy value approach. Returning to our previo
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7.4 Identity in question

Why is identity important and how are identities formed? This course looks at the many different ways in which identity can be categorised. By examining the requirements of the state, how a child views gender, and the importance of race or place of birth, you will start to understand how each individual can have more than one identity. This course focuses upon the individual's perception of self in relation to others; the relationships between multi-ethnicity, cultural diversity and identity;
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7.3 What is poetry?

Have you always wanted to try to write poetry but never quite managed to start? This course is designed to illustrate the techniques behind both the traditional forms of poetry and free verse. You will learn how you can use your own experiences to develop ideas and how to harness your imagination.

The course introduces common techniques underlying free verse and traditional forms of poetry, and how it is necessary to use these techniques in order to harness what T.S. Eliot called the
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6.2 Introduction to the law in contemporary Scotland

This course will introduce you to law making in Scotland. It is taken from W150 An introduction to law in contemporary Scotland, a new 15-point course from The Open University's Centre for Law. The course begins by developing your general and legal study skills such as reading unfamiliar information, note taking and critical thinking. It then asks you to think about what law is and introduces you to the legal history of Scotland. The course then moves to look at the Scottish Parliament
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4.4 Robert Owen and New Lanark

Robert Owen (1771–1858) was one of the most important and controversial figures of his generation. He lived through the ages of Enlightenment and Romanticism and was personally touched by the ideas and dramatic changes that characterised that era. Profitting enormously during the first half of his life from the progress of industry and having the financial means, he later devoted himself to publicising and practising his social and economic ideas. Most of these derived from Enlightenment no
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1.1.2 Professional development in Scotland

Scotland's legal and education systems are distinctive and differ from those of England, Wales and Northern Ireland. This therefore leads to differences in frameworks and standards of professional recognition within the United Kingdom.

This section of OpenLearn Scotland introduces learners to areas of professional development where The Open University has developed curricula specifically to meet the needs of students and employers in Scotland.


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4.2.3 Text capture devices

Practically, how can we take text across the boundary?

SAQ 8

What are the main devices for transforming text into digital form inside the computer?


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11.3 Memory

An essential component of a computer is the memory which it uses to hold data currently being used by the processor. This is the random access memory (RAM), the computer's working memory in which programs and data are stored so that they can be accessed very quickly by the processor. The processor stores data in RAM and retrieves data from it as it carries out its manipulations. The more RAM a computer has, the faster the computer programs will run. RAM memory is used and reused and an
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Conclusion

This free course provided an introduction to studying Computing & IT. It took you through a series of exercises designed to develop your approach to study and learning at a distance, and helped to improve your confidence as an independent learner.


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6.2.10 Portals

A portal is a website which collects catalogues and characterises a huge amount of information. By displaying a large number of hyperlinks such sites provide an entrance (or portal) to the World Wide Web. Search engines originally provided fairly basic searching facilities; however, the past two years has seen them evolve Portals on the nncmci into portals. Portals are categorised as either horizontal portals or vertical portals. A vertical portal offers an entrance to large am
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Checklist - Work Placement
This is a resource released as part of the E-Portfolio Toolkit based on experience of developing the “Year Abroad E-Portfolio”, undertaken by the School of Languages at Leeds Metropolitan University.
Author(s): Mara Fuertes-Gutiérrez,Juan Muñoz López,Janet P

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RoseLee Goldberg on Performance Art
RoseLee Goldberg South African-born world authority on performance art spoke at the Gordon Institute for Performing and Creative Arts GIPCA Great Texts Big Questions lecture on 11 March Goldberg illustrious career as art historian critic curator and author has spanned almost three decades and has helped shape the public view of live performance as a visual art form Her book Performance Art from Futurism to the Present was first published in 1979 and pioneered the study of performance art even
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Virtual Maths, Cylinder Voids - Calculating volume
Interactive simulation with exercises and video demonstrating the use of auger piling and showing how to calculate the volume of cocrete needed to fill the cylindrical voids.
Author(s): Leeds Metropolitan University

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Résultats de l'atelier de réflexion prospective sur les EIAH (programme PIRSTEC)
Ce document synthétise les résultats de l'atelier de réflexion prospective sur les EIAH (Environnements Informatiques pour l'Apprentissage Humain) qui s'est tenu dans le cadre du programme ANR PIRSTEC (Prospective Interdisciplinaire en Réseau pour les Sciences et TEchnologies Cognitives ; Thème "Apprentissage et Cognition" - Atelier pilote n°1).,Document
Author(s): Tchounikine Pierre

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