5.4 Hutton's geology: The Jedburgh unconformity

One concrete example from the Theory of the Earth will perhaps indicate the way in which Hutton could read features of the landscape as evidence of the action of forces acting over immeasurably long periods. He had been geologising in the valley of Jed Water, near Jedburgh, in the Borders area between England and Scotland. From his observations in the neighbouring Teviot valley, he expected the Jed to be running over a bed of horizontally laid, soft strata which were sometimes exposed
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1.2 Partnership

This can be defined as including service users, and their advocates and carers, and other interested parties, as far as possible in the decision-making processes that affect their lives. In other words, work with service users should be based on their meaningful participation in decision making. Good practice demands that work takes place on the basis of partnership. Sometimes there can be a legal requirement to work in partnership with service users (for example, working with the parents of
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2.1 Background to the idea of international rights

The UN Charter and the Declaration form part of a post-Second World War international settlement which established, on the one side, the formal legitimating ideology of the international system, national self-determination and sovereign equality and, on the other, the ideology of universal human rights. The appeal of this set of claims was the hope that different peoples could live together in peace and security. It was an attempt to accommodate difference (through the idea of national self-d
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1.3 The capacity of an MOS structure to store charge

Figure 1 shows a schematic section through an MOS structure and sets up a colour scheme that distinguishes the different layers. In this case the M-layer is provided by heavily doped polysilicon and the semiconductor base material is p-type silicon.


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Horseshoe Crab Eggs on Shore and Being Eaten by Gulls
This short video gives excellent real life, close up footage of Horseshoe Crab eggs floating in water on the shore and being eaten by seagulls. Despite their common name, horseshoe crabs are not crabs but are related to arachnids (spiders, scorpions, ticks and mites), and are the closest living relatives of the now extinct trilobites . Horseshoe crabs have three main parts to the body: the head region, known as the ‘prosoma’, the abdominal region or ‘opisthosoma’ and
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Water Treatment
Do you think about where your water comes from? In the UK each of us uses an average of about 150 litres of water per day! The seven video tracks in this album consider issues of demand and quality in water supply as well as treatment processes. They give information on methods of minimising waste, emergency water treatment and effluent control. This material forms part of T308 Environmental monitoring, modelling and control.Author(s): The iTunes U team

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Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2

Learning outcomes

On completion of this unit, you should be able to:

  • identify criteria to evaluate the politics of racial violence.


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Cours de mécanique des milieux continus
Ce cours contient les bases de la mécanique des milieux continus. Après introduction des outils de description des mouvements et des efforts intérieurs d'un milieu continu (partie remaniée), on y déduit les équations générales par application des quatre principes fondamentaux de la physique classique (conservation de la masse, principe fondamental de la mécanique, premier et second principes de la thermodynamique) en utilisant la méthode du bilan. Il se termine par une introduction sur
Author(s): Jean Garrigues

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Document libre, dans le cadre de la licence Creative Commons (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/2.0/fr/), citation de l'auteur obligatoire et interdiction de désassembler (paternité, pas de

Chinese Medicine: From the Yellow Emperor to the Whole Wide Web
This presentation will present a range of collaborative research into the history and culture of Chinese medicine that has been undertaken in the last five years at the Wellcome Trust Centre for History of Medicine, UCL. Most of my personal research involves the translation, analysis and access to medical manuscripts that date from the 2nd to 11th C. CE. To this end I work with archaeologists, palaeographers, philologists, and medical historians all over China. Apart from books and article some
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4.4 Stages in assignment writing

Activity 5

Note down in your Learning Journal what you think the stages are that you have to go through in producing an assignment, from beginning to end.

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5.3 A ‘circle’ of understanding

It may seem as if analysing, interpreting and evaluating a text are ‘stages’ we go through, one after the other. But it's nothing like as mechanical as that. You do not analyse a text into separate parts, then ‘add up’ those parts to produce some interpretation of the whole, and then evaluate it. Rather, analysis–interpretation–evaluation are overlapping processes. They are different kinds of activity, as we have seen by looking at them separately. But when you try t
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History Channel - Biography: Lord Byron Part 4 of 5
NOTE: Educators/Parents: Because of the nature of Lord Byron's life. this biography is suitable for older high school students only. An episode of the series Biography on History Channel dedicated to Lord Byron and produced in 2004. 'George Gordon Byron, later Noel, 6th Baron Byron of Rochdale FRS (22 January 1788– 19 April 1824) was a British poet and a leading figure in Romanticism. Among Byron's best-known works are the brief poems 'She Walks in Beauty', 'When We Two Parted,' and 'So, We'll
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6.2 Preparing and drafting a Bill

A period of preparation of a Bill allows time to scrutinise evidence on the policies underlying Bills, and to consider whether Bills can be improved before they are introduced. Proper preparation of a Bill should lead to better-informed debates on Bills when they are introduced, and may save time by identifying problems at an early stage. This period of pre-legislative scrutiny allows valuable time for consideration, and therefore helps to avoid introducing laws that are unworkable. Consultat
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Conditioning Behavior
Learn about Conditioning Behavior in this educational video. This video briefly explains Pavlov's famous dog experiment that demonstrates how learning is acquired.  (01:23)
































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2 The road to Doha

The WTO was created by the eighth in a series of multilateral trade negotiations that have taken place since the signing in 1947 of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Multilateral trade negotiations take place between many countries simultaneously. (Bilateral negotiations are negotiations between pairs of countries.) The GATT was designed to prevent a repetition of the experience of the 1930s, when individual countries had tried to claw their way out of the widespread u
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Project debriefing

Individual interviews with key members of the project team, for example the managers of key stages, can encourage them to evaluate their performance and identify what they have learned. A structured debriefing process can be helpful, to include stakeholders as well as all the project team. This may take the form of a series of meetings, which draw conclusions about overall project performance and constraints, identify and review any new ways of working that were developed, and consider what c
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Highlights of Business Leaders Series event with Ursula Burns CEO and Chairman of Xerox
CEO and Chairman of Xerox Ursula Burns, joined by Professor Julian Birkinshaw in a Business Leaders Series event, discuss leading business transformation in uncertain times

A Survey of Users of Connexions Music Modules
Catherine Schmidt-Jones
A short survey was attached to 103 Connexions modules in K-12 music theory, ethnomusicology, and acoustics. The survey was available for one year. 488 users responded, offering a glimpse of what […]

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12.1 Gathering data

In this section I will review some of the approaches and methods used by companies for identifying and exploiting marketing opportunities.

All over the world, producer companies have increasingly learned to keep a careful watch on emerging consumer requirements and changing user needs and wishes. They have not only learned to listen to what consumers say, but to watch what they do. Techniques used in market research to gather consumers’ views on products include both quantitative meth
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