4.10 Retouching

In addition to the efforts made before exposure to show sitters at their best, portrait photographers regularly retouched the negative to remove or improve any perceived defects or blemishes. Before the 1860s, in Britain retouching was generally criticized for interfering with the ‘truthfulness’ of the photographic image. By the mid-1860s, however, the issue became the subject of intense debate and discussion and the journals published details of the various techniques available at the ti
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1 Characteristics of service provision

Choosing a service provider tends to be far more difficult than choosing a supplier of goods. While there may be tangible components in the service an HR consultant offers, what HR consultants provide is largely intangible. As a starting point the following activity asks you to consider the issues likely to be involved in the initial decision to use a consultant.

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2.3 Closing the project

Closing a project can be quite an emotional experience for team members who have worked together for some time, particularly if close bonds have developed. The manager of a project has some obligations to staff who have worked for some time on it. Build into the plan a closure interview with each member of staff, so that their contribution can be formally recognised and recorded. Staff may need help to recognise the skills and experience that they have gained and how these have been evidenced
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Acknowledgements

The content acknowledged below is Proprietary (see terms and conditions) and is used under licence.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this unit:

Table

Table 1: Eurobarometer 49, September 1998, © European Communities.

Unit Image

www.flickr.com TPCOM

All other materials included in this unit are derived from co
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Acknowledgements

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3 3 How to reflect on your learning

It is important to get into the habit of actively reflecting on your learning. This is an important skill in its own right, and will help you get the most from your study time. So, as you work though each video, we suggest that when you are writing your Learning Journal you focus your thoughts and structure your notes around three areas:

1 The process of learning from the video

For example, you might ask yourself:

  • How do I feel about
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4.2 Family meanings matter to people in their individual lives and relationships

Survey research in the UK, reported by Jacqui Scott (1997), shows the extent to which families matter when people are asked about the key events in their lives over the previous year. While there were some differences by gender and age, the overall pattern was clear: events concerning family lives were considered to be the most significant. And, in the intricacies of personal lives and relationships, family meanings can be complex and powerful.

As an example of how powerful these meanin
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2.4 Looking closely at photographs for social data

Activity 2

Look at the photographs of a wedding group in Figures 2 a
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4.2.2 Standards

Representations must be agreed if they are to be shared. If different computers used different numbers to encode the same character, people would not be able to read each other's documents. There have to be standards. There are countless computer standards, covering every aspect of information technology, from music and picture encoding to programming language design. And, as you would expect, there are standards which apply to character encoding. You may have wondered why I cho
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4.5 What's going on when searching for your ancestors

You have seen how general purpose search engines work. In this section we consider some of the additional techniques that are important to genealogical searches.


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2.6 Finding images on the Web

As with websites, one of the easiest ways of searching for images is to use a search engine such as Google. You will see that above the Google search box are some words that allow you to select what you are searching for: web, images, groups, news, and more.

6.1 Controlling things

As you learned in Section 1, computers can collect, process, store and distribute information. This section shows that they can also be used to:

  • control machines and simple mechanisms;

  • conduct a special kind of commerce: selling on the web.

Let us examine more closely that common household appliance, the automatic washing machine. Virtually all such machines sold in the last decade or so are controlled using a microcomput
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1.2 How do you read?

A good way of getting started on developing your reading and note-taking skills is to think about how you read now.

Activity 1

The short extract reproduced below is taken from The Scotsman and is a journalistic piece of wri
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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • conduct searches efficiently and effectively

  • find references to material in bibliographic databases

  • make efficient use of full text electronic journals services

  • critically evaluate information from a variety of sources

  • understand the importance of organising information.


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3.1 What do we mean by the word ‘care’?

‘Care’ is a loaded word. Care is not just about tender loving feelings, it is about work as well. Being seen as someone who needs care says something about a person – their competence, their position in society, their status. This section explores those meanings.

In the poem which opened the unit, care is a warm ‘feel good’ word, associated with what happens in nice families. But in the discussion of what a carer is in Section 1, it seemed that doing care was also hard work fo
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1.7 Key points

In the key points box below we sum up the main ideas introduced so far. You can use it now to check that you have grasped the main ideas, and later the key points will remind you of the content.

Key points

  • An informal carer is defined as a person who, without
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Introduction

This unit explores a wide range of children's experiences, a number of different services, and interviews with a number of key practitioners. It features voluntary as well as statutory work with children, and tries to capture some of the details of everyday life for children, parents and practitioners.

The associated video material features children, practitioners and practice in the Plus organisation based in Stirling, Scotland. Looking at the overview of the Plus organisation in
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A Conversation with Mayor Marty Walsh
Boston Mayor Marty Walsh discusses his first year in office with CNN's John King. Please credit: JFK Library Foundation
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Kay Redfield Jamison on her book Exuberance - 2004
Kay Redfield Jamison discusses her book Exuberance: The Passion for Life - 2004
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