2.4 Use of punishment: spare the rod?

One issue, about which there is regular debate, concerns the use of ‘punishment’ to control children's behaviour. Behaviourism might, at first glance, appear to offer support for using punishment to reduce undesirable behaviour. For example, imagine that a father and his daughter are out shopping and the child steals a bar of chocolate and eats some of it whilst her father is distracted. He then sees her and shouts at her. In operant terms the stealing event is followed by an aversive res
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Mysterious Norwegian lights caught on camera
Something strange is lighting up Norway's Hessdalen valley. In the 1980s hundreds of UFOlogists flocked to the area. Now a more scientific approach is unlocking the secrets and opening up the possibility of storing energy in a radical way.
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Engaging students, engaging industry and engaging enterprise
This reflective case study and poster relates to a specific event staged by students and examines the phases and critical points within the whole process. It identifies some key learning outcomes for all involved
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Improve your Italian with songs
Improve your Italian with songs.
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The Chinese Gunpowder
Gunpowder was invented, documented and used in ancient China where the Chinese military forces used gunpowder based weapons technology. This video talks about how gunpowder was discovered and how they used it for firecrackers. (Professional video)Run time 06:17

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The Nottingham New Theatre Seat Naming Appeal Launch
BBC Broadcaster and University of Nottingham Alumnus Matthew Bannister helps launch a new seat-naming appeal to raise funds for England's first and only entirely student-run theatre. To find out more about sponsoring a seat, please call Andy Shields on +44 (0)115 823 2806
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Documenting and Promoting Indigenous Agricultural Knowledge and Climate Change Adaptation in Selecte
By: UP Los Baños Presentation by Dr. Lucille Elna P. De Guzman, University Researcher, College of Agriculture, UPLB, Philippines. Delivered during the International Conference on Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation for Food and Environmental Security, November 21-22, 2012 at SEARCA, UPLB, College, Laguna, Philippines.
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4.1 The effects of armed conflict on children

The final area of violence examined in this course involves children caught up in armed conflict, as victims, perpetrators or witnesses in violence affecting whole communities. It is important to emphasize that the three sites of conflict discussed in this course – family, schools and the community – are in no way exclusive. It is also important to stress that, in some parts of the world, criminal violence and repressive law enforcement measures (including harsh prison regimes) affect chi
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Virtual Maths, Calculating the Volume of a Brick Demo
Interactive simulation, calculating the volume of a brick
Author(s): Leeds Metropolitan University

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The impact of enterprise focussed modules
This presentation outlines the use of a tested research instrument (Bandura's self efficacy theory) and students own perceptions of their enterprise skills and abilities
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Lady at the O.K. Corral—The True Story of Josephine Marcus Earp
While popular film typically depicts the Wild West as a desert full of coarse and lonesome men, this talk presents a tenacious woman at the center of the infamous gunfight at the O.K. Corral. Historian Ann Kirschner tells the story of frontierswoman Josephine Marcus Earp, her journey from New York to the West, and her life with lawman Wyatt Earp. This event took place at the Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art on September 22, 2013. Video courtesy Elizabeth A. Sackler Foundation. www
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How Inflation Helps Keep the Rich Up and the Poor Down

[A selection from Deflation and Liberty.]

By Jörg Guido Hülsmann

The production of money in a free society is a matter of free association. Everybody from the miners to the owners of the mines, to the minters, and up to the customers who buy the minted coins — all
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2014 School of Architecture & Allied Arts Commencement
Monday, June 16, 2014.
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4.1 Glucose metabolism

We are now in a position to draw together the major concepts and components of signalling, and show how they operate in one well-understood system, namely the regulation of the storage or release of glucose in the human body. From this, you will be able to recognize archetypal pathways represented in specific examples, you will be able to appreciate how the same basic pathways can be stimulated by different hormones in different tissues, and you will see how opposing hormones activate separat
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1.2 Preparing for the video clips

Read the extract ‘I live by faith: the religions described’ by clicking the link below.

A3: this extract is from Worlds of Faith, pp.24–48, by John Bowker, 1983, with the permission of BBC Worldwide Limited.Reading A3: John Bowker,I live by faith: the religions described


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STS.035 The History of Computing (MIT)
This course focuses on one particular aspect of the history of computing: the use of the computer as a scientific instrument. The electronic digital computer was invented to do science, and its applications range from physics to mathematics to biology to the humanities. What has been the impact of computing on the practice of science? Is the computer different from other scientific instruments? Is computer simulation a valid form of scientific experiment? Can computer models be viewed as surroga
Author(s): Gerovitch, Slava

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Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative C

3.6.1 The MAP kinase pathway

The MAP kinase pathway is so called because the last component of the pathway was originally identified as a kinase activity in EGF-stimulated cells – hence the name ‘mitogen-activated protein kinase’ (MAP kinase), as it stimulates cell growth and proliferation.

  • What is the mechanism of activation of the EGF receptor?

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Geometric Shapes Cold Play
This video clip shows a hand drawn geometric shape as the definition scrolls over the shape. Definitions are wordy.  Nice musical background. Student created geometry project.  (4:10)
Student project on paper towel...brilliant!

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3.3 Variation

Fossil rodents are first found in rocks that date from around 65 million years ago (from the Eocene) and are thought to have evolved from insectivore/omnivore-type mammals that lived 100 million years ago (in the Cretaceous period). To say that they evolved from simply means that there probably is a direct line of descent but that the descendants have changed from their forebears. One of the most significant ways that evolutionary change can be brought about is by a process known as na
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Castro's Revolutions
This video clip discusses Fidel Castro and his ability to encourage numerous successful revolutions in Cuba and other countries. (1:12)
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