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The Enigma of Article 2(4): Interests and Norms in IR Theory
Over 60 years ago the USA agreed to give up its autonomy over the use of force by signing the UN Charter. Prof. Hurd uses this case study to better understand how states use international rules and how that use remakes both the rules and the states. Over 60 years ago the United States agreed to give up its autonomy over the use of force by signing the United Nations Charter, which includes a ban on war in Article 2(4). The willing self-limit by a Great Power of its sovereignty over war decisions
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1.1 The constitution

The UK has a common law legal system. It is very difficult to give a simple definition of the legal system in the UK, but you may find it helps to think of it as the system that covers how all civil and criminal laws are made, used and enforced.

A fundamental part of any legal system is its Author(s): The Open University

Virtual Maths - 2D Shapes diagrams and formula
Diagram of 2D shapes, including formulas
Author(s): Leeds Metropolitan University

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http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

17.471 American National Security Policy (MIT)
This course examines the problems and issues confronting American national security policymakers and the many factors that influence the policies that emerge. But this is not a course about "threats," military strategies, or the exercise of military power. What threatens those interests? How should the U.S. defend those interests? What kind of military should we build? Should the U.S. enter into alliances with other countries? Do we need a larger Navy? How much should we spend on weapons procure
Author(s): Meyer, Steve

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Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative C

5.9 Membrane filtration

Membrane filtration is a process whereby particles smaller than about 10−2 mm (which can pass through sand filters) are removed using synthetic polymeric membranes and a high pressure. The membrane effectively acts as a sieve.

It is increasingly becoming popular as an advanced treatment process for water (especially for removal of Cryptosporidium) and wastewater (where water reuse takes place), and various possibilities are:

  • <
    Author(s): The Open University

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8 Summary

  • We are biologically predisposed to provide for our offspring and may try to ensure that this provision continues after our death. However, our interactions with other members of society are wide-ranging and many people leave legacies to benefit the wider community.

  • All species alter their environment to some extent because they do not live in isolation from one another. The study of the interactions between plants, animals and their environ
    Author(s): The Open University

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5 Developing ‘engaging’ lessons

Think of your students as fish, swimming around in the waters of the school. An engaging lesson gives you the bait with which to catch your fish. And once they are hooked on your bait, then misbehaving will hopefully be the last thing on their minds!

Engaging your students is important for a number of reasons. An exciting lesson can be used:

  • as a reward for previous good behaviour;

  • as a carrot for behaving well in the future;
    Author(s): The Open University

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Going Digital - A Roadmap for Organisational Transformation
Lucy Kueng, Google Digital News Senior Research Fellow at the Reuters Institute gives a talk about a new research report 'Going Digital. A Roadmap for Organisational Transformation'. 'Legacy media need to put as much emphasis on transforming their organisations as they do transforming their content' - this is the premise underlying ‘Going Digital. A Roadmap for Organisational Transformation’, a new research report by Lucy Kueng, Google Digital News Senior Research Fellow at the Reuters Insti
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Understanding How Tornadoes Form
Power of 5 Meteorologist Valerie Abati explains how tornadoes form in under two minutes. (01:45)
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Brandstoffen voor
benzine.jpg

In deze cursus over brandstoffen en alternatieven komen volgende zaken aan bod:

  • benzine
  • diesel
  • alternatieve …

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Introduction

This course examines life stories. It looks at the way in which objects, trends, cultures or disabilities may contribute to a person's identity. This course also considers the contribution that our own life stories make to who we are, and how remembering and revisiting our past may help us to move forward with our lives.

This OpenLearn course provides a sample of Level 1 study in Author(s): The Open University

"The Weakness of the State in Latin America" (video)
escalante posterLecture by Fernando Escalante, Tinker Visting Professor in History, University of Chicago and Professor, El Colegio de Mexico; from the Latin American Briefing Series of the Center for Latin American Studies (http://clas.uchicago.edu).
Author(s): The Center for International Studies at the Univer

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Rights not set

Introduction

This unit focuses on the problem of greenhouse gas emissions, especially carbon dioxide, and explore what you can do to lighten those emissions to help reduce the rate of climate change. You will assess your ‘carbon footprint’ and see what actions you and, if relevant, other household members could take to lighten that footprint. You will also better understand which actions are more and less effective, and the scope and limits of what individuals can do at the personal and household leve
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2.4 Analysing Hansa's essay

To refresh your memory, look again at Hansa's essay and the notes you made earlier. The first thing I noticed is that her essay starts with the title she was set. It also comes to a conclusion that tries to answer the question in the title, so straight away it has some important strengths compared to Philip's. From the start she gets stuck into the argument, making a purposeful attack on the question in her opening sentences. And, while she covers a lot of the same ground as Philip, she devel
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Writing Mixed Numbers as Fractions
When writing a mixed number as a fraction, multiply the whole number by the denominator and add the numerator. Make mixed numbers into improper fractions with help from a math author and teacher.
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Why Cyber Security is Hard
Why Cyber Security is Hard - Keith Martin Keywords:Research Seminar , seminar , ecs , computer science , web , research
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Mixed reviews on the war in Iraq
Dec. 14 - As the last U.S. troops prepare to leave Iraq after almost nine years, residents grow restless with the slow pace of development. Deborah Lutterbeck reports.
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1.9.2 To sum up

Such an analysis reinforces the notion of discourse as a form of work or labour. It also implies a strategic speaker. But, again, is this the case? Are speakers strategic in this way or just doing what comes naturally? It can suggest, too, a duplicity in Diana's actions. Potter is not implying this, however. Rather, as knowledgeable speakers and competent members of discursive communities, we are all, like Diana, skilled in a range of methods for accomplishing different activities such as sta
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2.1 Issues of responsibility

The aftermath of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami saw an unprecedented aid effort to assist the affected regions. In the early days after the disaster, pledges of financial assistance from overseas governments were often outstripped by the generosity of their own populaces. This was a case when ordinary people around the world saw and were moved by the tragic circumstances of others far away (Rose, 2006), and they responded with gifts of money and provisions, and even with offers of their own sk
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References

Allison, L. (1991) Ecology and Utility: The Philosophical Dilemmas of Planetary Management, Leicester, Leicester University Press.
BBC (2008) ‘The wrong way to a warmer world?’ [online], BBC News, 3 April, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/analysis/7328634.stm (accessed 15/4/10).
van den Born, R.J.G. (2008) ‘Rethinking nature: public visions in the Netherlands
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