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The Reconstruction of the Past: The Application of New Techniques for Visualization and Research in
This paper focuses on the visualization of historical architecture. The application of new Computer-Aided- Architectural-Design techniques for visualization on micro computers provides a technique for reconstructing and analyzing architectural objects from the past. The pilot project describes a case study in which the historical transformation of a town will be analyzed by using three- dimensional CAD models in combination with bitmap textures. The transformation of the historic town will be vi
Author(s): Alkhoven, Patricia

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Representation beyond Visualization: Simulation as a Cognitive Apparatus
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Author(s): Alkan, Alper Semih

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The Methodology of Teaching Computer-Aided Architectural Design in the Department of Architecture in
Several architectural studies tackled the methodologies of teaching the architectural design subject in general and their relation to the use of computer in particular. The trends varied in accordance with the research that is relevant to the subject due to its importance in generating new architectural models, but it didn?t crystallize a theoretical framework that identifies clear and specific vocabularies related to the methodology of teaching the computer-aided architectural design. The curre
Author(s): Al-Tuhafi, Assda A. and Nasma M. Thabit

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The Use of Digital Fabrication as a Sketching Tool in the Architectural Design Process - A Case Stud
Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) technologies including computer numerically controlled (CNC) milling, laser cutting and 3D printing are becoming cheaper and globally more accessible. Accordingly, many design professionals, academics and students have been able to experience the benefits and challenges of using digital fabrication in their designs. The use of digital fabrication in the education of architecture students has become normal in many schools of architecture, and there is a growing
Author(s): Agirbas, Asli

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Categorization of building product models in BIM Content Library portals
BIM Content Libraries are performing as online sources for building product models. In order to effectively use the product models, it is important to organize them systematically within these databases. But currently there is no standard or guideline for this purpose. Products in these libraries are being categorized based on different criteria such as the object classes in the target platform, by referring to multiple classification systems or based on customized categories. This paper studies
Author(s): Afsari, Kereshmeh; Chuck Eastman

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APPLICATION OF SPATIAL DESIGN ABILITY IN A POSTGRADUATE COURSE
Spatial Design Ability (SDA) has been defined by the author (1983) as the capacity to anticipate the effects (psychological impressions) that architectural spaces or its components produce in observers or users. This concept, which requires the evaluation of spaces by the people that uses it, was proposed as a guideline to a Masters Degree Course in Architectural Design at the Universidad Autonoma de Aguascalientes in Mexico. The theory and the exercises required for the experience needed a mode
Author(s): Abad? Abbo, Isaac

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EFFECTIVENESS OF MODELS
Architects use many types of models to simulate space either in their design process or as final specifications for building them. These models have been proved useful or effective for specific purposes. This paper evaluates architectural models in terms of five effectiveness components: time of development, cost, complexity, variables simulated and ecological validity. This series of models, used regularly in architecture, are analysed to finally produce a matrix that shows the effectiveness of
Author(s): Abadi Abbo, Isaac

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Implementing Biomorphic Design - Design Methods in Undergraduate Architectural Education
In continuation to Generative Design Methods, this paper investigates the implementation of Biomorphic Design, supported by computational techniques in undergraduate, architectural studio education. After reviewing the main definitions of biomorphism, organicism and biomimicry synoptically, we will assess the application of a modified biomorphic method on a final year, undergraduate design studio, in order to evaluate its potential and its suitability within the framework of a research led desig
Author(s): Agkathidis, Asterios

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Diseño y Ejecución de Obras Subterráneas (2016)
Esta asignatura proporciona al alumno conocimiento específico sobre el proyecto y la ejecución de obras subterráneas. Se presta especial atención a aspectos tales como la selección del método de excavación en base a las características geológicas y geotécnicas del macizo rocoso, las limitaciones al diseño, las principales opciones para la ejecución de los túneles, el sostenimiento y la ventilación. This subject provides the student specific knowledge about the project and execution
Author(s): José Ramón Berasategui Moreno,Rubén Pérez Álv

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Language in the real world
This free course, Language in the real world, explains and illustrates why a knowledge about how language works (i.e. ‘linguistics’) is helpful – some might say essential – for different aspects of our everyday lives. It provides an introduction to ideas around what language is and to the field of Applied Linguistics, which is dedicated to exploring and addressing situations where language plays a crucial role.Author(s): Creator not set

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Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2

#396: Rivers as persons: What it means to give legal rights to nature

Environmental law researcher Erin O'Donnell and economist Julia Talbot-Jones explain what's behind recent moves to give legal personhood to rivers in India, New Zealand and elsewhere. With philosophical roots going back decades, new legal and legislative developments granting personhood to nature seek both to recognise indigenous or religious c
Author(s): up-close@unimelb.edu.au (University of Melbourne)

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Pick of our week: July 3rd 2015
This week: Windmills lose their shine in The Netherlands, China's über-rich get humble and a famous cat utters its last meow.
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Babbage: Atomic vision
Hackers threaten the "internet of things", and scientists use atomic microscopes to observe and control chemical reactions in real time
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Monkey Puzzle Tree (Part 2)
Monkey Puzzle Tree (podcast) by Anna Shi (15:01)

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George Washington: An Image and Its Influence
By: David Gordon
George Washington

George Washington took office as president in 1789 with an asset of inestimable value. People viewed him as the hero of the American Revolution who, disdaining po
Author(s): David Gordon

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The Battle of Ashdown
My view on the battle of Ashdown
Author(s): Bill Nicholls

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Tapping AI: The Future of Customer Experience at Verizon Fios
In a world of vast automation via AI, companies that learn how to preserve a human touch should have a competitive advantage, says Verizon Fios's Justin Reilly.
Author(s): Knowledge@Wharton

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Forgiveness, gratitude and hope in psychology and theology
Talk given by Dr Liz Gulliford as part of short course 32 (The Believing Brain)
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4.2 Subdivisions

In this subsection we formalise the idea of a net by introducing a useful concept called a subdivision of a surface. This is a standard kind of net drawn on a surface, and is defined in terms of vertices, edges and faces. It leads to the idea of the Euler characteristic of the surface.

All surfaces obtained from polygons by identifying edges arise from a net (of sorts) consisting of a single polygonal face, together with the edges and vertices that remain aft
Author(s): The Open University

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Copyright © 2016 The Open University

2.3.8 Sphere

Surfaces can be constructed in a similar way from plane figures other than polygons. For example, starting with a disc, we can fold the left-hand half over onto the right-hand half, and identify the edges labelled a, as shown in Figure 36; this is rather like zipping up a purse, or ‘crimping’ a Cornish pastie. We can then s
Author(s): The Open University

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Copyright © 2016 The Open University

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