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2.1 Introduction

In this section we are going to review the different needs that drive the creation of corporate governance frameworks. The contingent model of regulation applies to financial reporting: the idea that equilibrium in regulation exists, but is broken by some intrusive event, often a financial scandal. This leads to a search for a revision of the rules, and a new equilibrium is worked out. This is very much a pattern that drives change in corporate governance.


Author(s): The Open University

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1. Introducing the terminology

Constructing enterprise systems is a complex engineering endeavour. As with other types of engineering, e.g. the construction of aircraft or suspension bridges, a lot of effort has to be put into planning and modelling, so that the final product is what is required and is achieved on time and within budget.

Ben Kovitz (1999) makes a distinction between orderly and exploratory. Orderly engineering is characterised primarily by the application and slight variation of time-tested te
Author(s): The Open University

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Intuitive and Effective Design of Periodic Symmetric Tiles
This paper presents a new approach for intuitive and effective design of periodic symmetric tiles. We observe that planar graphs can effectively represent symmetric tiles and graph drawing provides an intuitive paradigm for designing symmetric tiles. Moreover, based on our theoretical work to represent hexagonal symmetry by rectangular symmetry, we are able to present all symmetric tiles as graphs embedded on a torus and based on simple modulo operations. This approach enables us to develop a si
Author(s): Akleman, E., Chen, J. and Meric, B.

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How to Tie a Tie
How to Tie a Tie in just nine easy to follow steps. This article teaches how to tie a tie using a Four In Hand knot. Also known as a Simple Knot or a Schoolboy Knot, the Four In Hand is generally agreed to be the easiest way of tying a tie. (01:47)
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Governor John Anderson Interview
John Anderson Jr. was governor of Kansas from January 9, 1961 to January 11, 1965. Dr. Bob Beatty, professor of political science at Washburn University, conducted this interview as part of the Kansas Governors Recorded History and Documentary Project, 2005. In these excerpts, Governor Anderson explains his support for the death penalty during his tenure in office and the major changes he helped bring about in the Kansas public education system. Video and a complete transcript of the interview i
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16.423J Aerospace Biomedical and Life Support Engineering (MIT)
This course introduces students to a quantitative approach to studying the problems of physiological adaptation in altered environments, especially microgravity and partial gravity environments. The course curriculum starts with an Introduction and Selected Topics, which provides background information on the physiological problems associated with human space flight, as well as reviewing terminology and key engineering concepts. Then curriculum modules on Bone Mechanics, Muscle Mechanics, Muscul
Author(s): Newman, Dava

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Robo-thespians
Watch some robots star in recent theatre productions.
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Basic Math: Operations on Numbers 
Illustrates Absolute Value and Order of Operations.  This video is in lecture format with an instructor using a dry erase board.  Run time  30:34.
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Learning outcomes

After studying this unit you should be able to:

  • understand different cognitive psychological aproaches used to examine such forms of attention as attention to regions of space, attention to objects and attention for action;

  • summarise the different cognitive psychological approaches undera fairly abstract definition of the term;

  • know how ideas about attention have changed and diversified over the last fifty years and how well they have stood up to ex
    Author(s): The Open University

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A New Methodology to Develop Hypermedia Systems for Architecture History
This paper illustrates a research project concerning the analysis of architectural works through a comparative study based on hypermedia tools; by exploring the hypermedia, users can find the main subjects relative to the "method " of architectural planning. The use of multimedia in architecture allows the integration in a single system of different types of information which are necessary for the description of a work. texts, designs, photos and sounds. In addition, the hypertext information st
Author(s): Allegra, M, Fulantelli, G. and Mangiarotti, G.

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Violence in Pakistan after church bombings
Angry protesters in Lahore kill two men they suspect of involvement in bombings targeting two churches, that killed at least 14 people. Yiming Woo reports. Subscribe: http://smarturl.it/reuterssubscribe More updates and breaking news: http://smarturl.it/BreakingNews Reuters tells the world's stories like no one else. As the largest international multimedia news provider, Reuters provides coverage around the globe and across topics including business, financial, national, and international news
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Governments Turn to the UN to Avoid Paying Their Debts

The Mises Institute recently spoke with Nicolás Cachanosky, an Argentina-born economist, now at the Metropolitan State University of Denver, who is familiar with sovereign debt issues. We asked him about a recent UN resolution that seeks to make it easier for governments to default on their debts.

Mises Institute: Paying back government debt is not the simple matter it is often assumed to be, and repudiation of government debt has its benefits. Murray Rothbard, for example, in his arti
Author(s): Nicolás Cachanosky

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Jeremy Mende: Rome and Other Stories
This lecture was recorded Wednesday, November 30, 2011, in Timken Lecture Hall on the San Francisco campus of California College of the Arts. 2010-11 Rome Prize winner in design, Jeremy Mende, thinks out loud about the unthinkable. Read feature on Jeremy Mende: http://www.cca.edu/news/2010/04/19/faculty-member-jeremy-mende-receives-rome-prize
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2.971 2nd Summer Introduction to Design (MIT)
Introduce students to the creative design process, based on the scientific method and peer review, by application of fundamental principles and learning to complete projects according to schedule and within budget. Subject relies on active learning through a major team-based design-and-build project focused on the need for a new consumer product identified by each team. Topics to be learned while teams create, design, build, and test their product ideas include formulating strategies, concepts a
Author(s): Slocum, Alex

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The Semantics of Graphical Input
This paper describes the semantics of action, an approach to describing input devices which allow the full utilization of all useful device characteristics and provides a high degree of hardware device independence. Part one discusses the semantics of graphical input device. The second shows how to create hierarchies of devices which provide a large measure of hardware independence. The third part applies these concepts to some typical problems, to demonstrate their completeness
Author(s): Anson, Ed

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Windows IoT, Galileo, Azure, Event Hubs and Stream Analytics

There have been a number of comments asking for more IoT and cloud/Azure posts. So when I stumbled across Vinoth's blog and his lastest post, I knew I found a winner. Also make sure you check out the rest of his posts too...  :)


Author(s): Greg Duncan

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CMS.998 New Media Literacies (MIT)
This course serves as an in-depth look at literacy theory in media contexts, from its origins in ancient Greece to its functions and changes in the current age of digital media, participatory cultures, and technologized learning environments. Students will move quickly through traditional historical accounts of print literacies; the majority of the semester will focus on treating literacy as more than a functional skill (i.e., one's ability to read and write) and instead as a sophisticated set o
Author(s): Robison, Alice

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The University of Memphis minute for the week of April 27, 2012.
The University of Memphis minute for the week of April 27, 2012.
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2.2 1 Social Darwinism and eugenics

Nineteenth century reformers combined their new medical diagnoses with a concern to tackle what they saw as the social causes of cruelty and incapacity. Two theories dominated: social Darwinism and eugenics.

Social Darwinism drew on Darwin's ideas of natural selection and emphasised the contribution of the fittest and most superior individuals to the survival of the human species. The social Darwinists, who included some of the most prominent thinkers of their time, believed that social
Author(s): The Open University

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SP.723 D-Lab: Disseminating Innovations for the Common Good (MIT)
In the trilogy of D-Lab courses, D-Lab: Dissemination focuses on disseminating innovations among underserved communities, especially in developing countries. Students acquire skills related to building partnerships and piloting, financing, implementing, and scaling-up a selected innovation for the common good. The course is structured around MIT and outside competitions. Teams develop an idea, project or (social) business plan that is "ready to roll" by term's end. Course includes
Author(s): Murcott, Susan

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