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E-Assessment using Latent Semantic Analysis
E-assessment is an important component of e-learning and e-qualification. Formative and summative assessment serve different purposes and both types of evaluation are critical to the pedagogical process. While students are studying, practicing, working, or revising, formative assessment provides direction, focus and guidance. Summative assessment provides the means to evaluate a learner's achievement and communicate that achievement to interested parties. Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) is a st
Author(s): Haley Debra,Thomas Pete,Nuseibeh Bashar,Taylor Jos

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Selection and use of domain ontologies in Learning Networks for Lifelong Competence Development
A general problem in life-long learning is how to develop flexible and adaptive learning content, and how to choose and deliver the most appropriate learning activities for the learner. In order to solve this problem, we need to have the proper knowledge model, and clear interpretation how to use it. One possible solution is to use IMS Learning Design for modelling the learning process and ontologies for representing the domain knowledge and competencies. In this paper we present one specific ap
Author(s): Yordanova Korneliya,Stefanov Krassen

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Computing Ontology Creation
In this paper an approach for the development of an Ontology for the domain of Computing Education is presented. This approach was applied in the FP5 IST Project DIOGENE - A Training Web Broker for ICT Professionals. I am outlining our work on the Computing Ontology creation, and am giving some guidelines and hints for further usage of the Ontology.
Author(s): Stefanov Krassen,Yordanova Korneliya

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Didactic Decision-Making Process In a Surgery Learning Environment
In this paper we present our model of the didactic decision-making process and our method to define the apprenticeship utility function. This model is embedded in a computer-based learning environment dedicated to orthopedic surgery. The decision model allows the production of feedback relevant to the user’s knowledge during her/his activities with the learning environment. The surgical knowledge in the learning environment is represented with Bayesian Networks and the decision-making process
Author(s): Mufti-Alchawafa Dima,Luengo Vanda,Vadcard Lucile

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Tutorial planning : Adapting course generation to today’s needs.
Most of today's course generation does not allow an in-depth, generic representation of pedagogical knowledge. However, supporting individual learners with different goals requires an elaborate representation of pedagogical expertise. In this paper, I describe a framework that adapts existing approaches for representing and using pedagogical knowledge to meet today's needs. Furthermore, I will show how in this framework several of today's problems are solved, such as the integration of distribut
Author(s): Ullrich Carsten

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De Waarde van GrassRoots. Eindrapport GrassRoots Evaluatieonderzoek
Not available,Sligte, H.W., Simons, P.R.J., Kral, M., van den Berg, E. (2005). De Waarde van GrassRoots. Eindrapport GrassRoots Evaluatieonderzoek. [The value of Grassroots. Final report GrassRoots evaluation]. Amsterdam: SCO-Kohnstamm Instituut.
Author(s): Sligte Henk,Simons Robert-Jan,Kral Marijke,Van der

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Asynchronous Discussion in Support of Medical Education
Although the potential of asynchronous discussion to support learning is widely recognized, student engagement remains problematic. Often, for example, students simply refuse to participate. Consequently the rich promise of asynchronous learning networks for supporting students' learning can prove hard to achieve. After reviewing strategies for encouraging student participation in discussions in Asynchronous Learning Networks (ALN), we present a study that investigates how these strategies influ
Author(s): Oliver Martin,Shaw Graham P.

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SMECTRA - An European network for online counselling on the application of new media in enterprise t
This communication introduces the objectives and the innovative approaches proposed in the frame of the Leonardo da Vinci pilot project SMECTRA: "Small and Medium Enterprises Counselling and TRAining network for the efficient application of new media". More specifically, it focuses on the evaluation of the status of vocational training and e-Learning in Small and Medium Enterprises emphasising that the technology and the content are not sufficient to implement successful e-Learning programmes, b
Author(s): Giurgiu Mircea,Treichel Dietmar

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Framework for integrated learning
In this paper we outline the instructional approach of scripting CSCL. Scripts are didactic scenarios that structure collaborative learning activities in a number of phases. The scripts may define for each phase what task the students have to perform, the composition of the group, the way the task is distributed, the mode of interaction, and the timing of the phase. CSCL scripts can be further differentiated with regard to the design dimensions granularity, degree of coercion, locus of control,
Author(s): Dillenbourg Pierre

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An Integrated Approach for Analysing and Assessing the Performance of Virtual Learning Groups
Collaborative distance learning involves a variety of elements and factors that have to be considered and measured in order to analyse and assess group and individual performance more effectively and objectively. This paper presents an approach that integrates qualitative, social network analysis (SNA) and quantitative techniques for evaluating online collaborative learning interactions. Integration of various different data sources, tools and techniques provides a more complete and robust frame
Author(s): Daradoumis Thanasis,Martinez Alejandra,Xhafa Fatos

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Exploring the secondary transfer of gifted and talented pupils
In my research I am endeavouring to investigate the experiences of academically gifted children transferring from primary to secondary school. This involves examining the policy context of the national, regional and local arenas, the ways in which pupils experience this provision within their classrooms, and the influence of their home environment. One cohort of children will be tracked longitudinally from Year 5 into Year 8 in two contrastive areas, Bristol and Cardiff. An ethnographic case
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Mind the gap: realising learning across domains
From a number of sources there has developed increasing interest in learning as a lifelong and lifewide process. This has expanded the domains in which learning is now a concern for practitioners and the range of people who might be considered to have an educational role. It has also raised questions about the relationships between learning in these different domains and how to mobilise the full resources of learners within specific sites. This situation poses questions on how best to conceptual
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Consulting pupils about teaching and learning
Decades of calls for educational reform have not succeeded in making schools places where all young people want to and are able to learn. It is time to invite students to join the conversations about how we might accomplish that. (Cook-Sather, 2002) Consultation is about responding to that situation – about understanding what learning is like from the pupil perspective and trying to get bits of it better for different pupils and different groups of pupils. The Project was designed to re
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Improving the effectiveness of pupil group work: report on first results from the TLRP phase 2 SPRin
The main impetus for the SPRinG (Social Pedagogic Research into Grouping) project was to address the wide gap between the potential of group work to influence learning, motivation and attitudes to learning, and relationships in the classroom, on the one hand, and the limited use of group work in schools, on the other hand. Pupils rarely receive training in group working, and teachers are often unsure of its benefits and place in the curriculum. The SPRinG project was therefore set up to develop,
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Informal learning in the workplace
This paper focuses mainly on theoretical frameworks for understanding and investigating informal learning in the workplace, which have been developed through a series of large and small scale projects. The main conclusions are included but readers are referred to other publications for more detailed accounts of individual projects. Two types of framework are discussed. The first group seek to deconstruct the “key concepts” of informal learning, learning from experience, tacit knowledge, tran
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Learning during the first three years of postgraduate employment - the LiNEA Project
This paper is based on findings from the first phase of a four-year research project funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council as part of its Teaching and Learning Research Programme. The major component of this project is a longitudinal study of trainee accountants, graduate trainee engineers, and newly qualified nurses in England. This critical period of introduction to professional work has not been previously studied by a longitudinal series of observations and interviews, though
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Learning in the first professional job: the first year of full time employment after college for acc
This paper reports findings from the first phase of a four-year research project funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council as part of its Teaching and Learning Research Programme. The major component of this project is a longitudinal study of trainee accountants, graduate trainee engineers, and newly qualified nurses in England. This critical period of introduction to professional work has not been previously studied by a longitudinal series of observations and interviews, though a n
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Early Career Learning - the LiNEA project. Interim report for Accountancy
This report on the learning and development of trainee accountants covers the first two years of a four-year project funded by the Economic and Social Research Council’s Teaching and Learning Research Programme. Its findings are based on evidence collected from fourteen trainee accountants in their first year of training and from some of their mentors and managers. The main themes have been selected in order to facilitate discussions about the progress of the research with our employer partner
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Understanding and developing inclusive practices in schools
This paper provides an account of the methodological lessons and emerging findings of a collaborative action research network in England. The Network involves teams of researchers from three universities in working alongside school and local education authority practitioners as they explore ways of developing more inclusive practices. The analysis of these experiences throws light on the nature of the tensions between national policies for raising standards, as determined by the aggregation of t
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Deepening capacity through innovative research design
This paper describes the design of a major development and research project within the UK's Teaching and Learning Research Programme.,48,56,114,120,126,24,30
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