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11.3 Research integrity

Horton, R. (2004) ‘The lessons of MMR’, The Lancet, 363, 6 March 2004, pp 747–749 Elsevier. Copyright © 2004 Elsevier.

The latest debate surrounding Wakefield and colleagues’ paper has been enormously confusing. Public inquiries have been sought into the way ethics committees operate, how the legal services commission makes its decisions, and even, once again, into the safety of vaccines. A preliminary investigation by the UK's General Medical Council is underway.
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1.6.5 Folate (folic acid, vitamin B9)

Folate is a generic name for a group of related compounds. The name ‘folate’ was based on the word ‘foliage’, after it was identified in a crude extract from spinach, though it is also found in liver, other green vegetables, oranges and potatoes and it is often added to breakfast cereals (usually listed as folic acid). Folate is less sensitive to heat than many of the B vitamins, though it is destroyed if food is reheated or kept hot for long periods. Folate is involved in amino acid
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Literary Festival 2012: A Moment of Mishearing [Audio]
Speaker(s): Amit Chaudhuri, Ian Jack | Editor's note: The podcast is the conversation only, it does not include the music performance. A conversation between award-winning Indian wrtier and musician Amit Chaudhuri and former Granta and Independent on Sunday editor Ian Jack, will be followed by a performance by the five-piece Amit Chaudhuri Band. Amit Chaudhuri's first CD ‘This Is Not Fusion’ (Times Music) was released in Britain on the award-winning independent jazz label Babel, and received
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Active galaxies

Figure 6 shows a schematic optical spectrum of an active galaxy. It is immediately apparent that the emission lines are stronger and broader than in the spectrum of a normal galaxy shown in Author(s): The Open University

Classic Sesame Street Animation - Letter V
VOLCANO! VEGETABLES, VEGETABLES! VAMPIRE, VILLIAN! You know the rest. Classic Sesame Street animation with psychedelic '60s music! (01:06)
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SAT Prep: Test 8, Section 2, Part 1
Students, improve your math SAT score! The instructor uses an electronic chalkboard to model problems.  This video is appropriate for high school students. Uses a textbook (the official SAT study guide) commonly found in bookstores, but it is not absolutely necessary as the narrator does all work on the screen. Problems 1-4 starting on page 1.
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Self Inflating Fish
Watch this video and see a fish that looks more like a balloon! This fish is actually a fish, a balloon, and a poisonous pill all in one. Watch an otter try to eat this fish without much success. This video is an example of animal defense. Run time 01:24.
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5.5 Entrepreneur

From this it is clear that money is a key requirement for transforming an invention into an innovation. Money pays for the people and equipment needed to refine the invention into a practical working prototype, and money pays for manufacturing it.

A key role in providing this vital monetary support is played by the entrepreneur. This is a persuasive individual or group providing the resources and organisation necessary to turn the invention into an innovation.

Entrepreneurs
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4.2 Job analysis

Job analysis involves examining a job systematically and in detail. There is no single way of doing this. Direct observation may be helpful if you are analysing repetitive manual jobs, for example. Discussion with the current job holder and supervisor or line manager is also a useful source of information. Another method of job analysis is to use the checklist approach illustrated in Author(s): The Open University

The Ocean Floor - by StudyJams
Earth's most magnificent and enormous landforms are all on the ocean floor.  Volcanoes and earthquakes change the ocean floor, creating new landforms.  Erosion on land also deposits minerals and animal matter on the ocean floor.  Learn more about the ocean floor with this slide show from StudyJams.  Vibrant photos are set to music, with information written under each photo.  A short, self-checking quiz is also provided with this link.
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Fairground Images: Chittock's Troupe of performing Dogs and Monkeys
Fairground Images: Chittock's Troupe of performing Dogs and Monkeys
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5.1 Reading an Act of Parliament

In Parts A and B of this course we have examined what influences determine which Acts of Parliament are made and the process by which they are made. In Part D I would like to show you some examples of what an Act of Parliament looks like, how Acts of Parliament are structured and how you should read an Act of Parliament.

Copies of all Acts of Parliament have been kept since 1497. Most of these are kept in the House of Lords Record Office in the Victoria Tower at Westminster and are avai
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5.2.2 Viscous behaviour

Viscous flow is not recoverable. When the stress is removed from a viscous fluid the strain remains. Hence the work energy is not returned to the forcing agency and has to be otherwise dissipated. Figure 45 illustrates this schematically by showing the strain response in such a viscous material when a simple stress history has
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11.4 Vaccine safety

Horton, R. (2004) ‘The lessons of MMR’, The Lancet, 363, 6 March 2004, pp 747–749 Elsevier. Copyright © 2004 Elsevier.

In a review of the unintended effects associated with MMR, Jefferson and colleagues10 found that the reporting of safety outcomes in MMR vaccine studies was inadequate. Here is a constantly repeated scenario in health-technology assessment (another example: the row over the safety of calcium-channel blockers). A product undergoes limited
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7 Independent T-Tests

Activity 6

0 hours 20 minutes

This activity introduces the independent t-test – a powerful test to use when you are comparing two groups or conditions. There are two variants of
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Acknowledgements

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce materia
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How to Speak Spanish Using Gratitude & Requests
Learn some basic phrases to express gratitude and make requests in Spanish. This video stresses pronunciation by slowing down the speech and is perfect for the beginner learner to practice along. The video features a teacher saying common phrases in English and then pronouncing them in Spanish.  The words appear in Spanish at the bottom of the screen. ( 1:56)
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Acknowledgements

The content acknowledged below is Proprietary (see terms and conditions) and is used under licence.

All materials included in this unit are derived from content originated at the Open University.


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Except for third party materials and/or otherwise stated (see terms and conditions) the content in OpenLearn is released for use under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share

Lyndon Johnson Signs Civil Rights Act of 1964
The Civil Rights Act of 1964, the most sweeping civil rights legislation since Reconstruction, prohibited racial discrimination in employment and education, and outlawed segregation in public facilities. In this audio clip, listen to President Lyndon Johnson sign the act into law. (3:44)
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Roald Dahl's "The BFG", Part 4
This is part 4 of 10 of the animated movie based on Roald Dahl's novel. (09:59)
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