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5.3 The Marseillaise

During the Revolutionary Wars, as Robespierre insisted, ‘republican enthusiasm must be exalted by all means possible’. The Jacobins encouraged a revolutionary solidarity and patriotism, expressed in the slogan ‘Liberty, Equality, Fraternity’. The Marseillaise began as the ‘battle-hymn of the army of the Rhine’, composed by Rouget de Lisle in April 1792 immediately after France declared war on Francis of Austria. It acquired its name when a battalion of volunteers from Marse
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References

Giles, K. and Hedge, N. (1994) The Manager's Good Study Guide, Milton Keynes, The Open University.
Dodson, S. (May, 2004) Miracle of the moor [online] Guardian Newspapers Ltd [Accessed 3 October 2006].

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4.3 Type-II superconductors

For decades it was assumed that all superconductors, elements and alloys, behaved in similar ways, and that any differences could be attributed to impurities or defects in the materials. However, in 1957, Abrikosov predicted the existence of a different sort of superconductor, and Figure 23 shows direct evidence for the existence of what are now known as type-II superconductors. A comparison of Figures 23 and 22 indicates that the effect of an applied field on a type-II superconductor is rath
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Open Educational Resources in Africa
Open Educational Resources in Africa
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1.6 Evaluation matrices

When there are several courses of action, then one way of thinking clearly about the advantages and drawbacks of the different courses is to compile an evaluation matrix.

Box 1: Six steps to creating an evaluation matrix

  1. List the various opti
    Author(s): The Open University

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References

Aly, G. (1999) ‘Final Solution’: Nazi Population Policy and the Murder of the European Jews, Arnold.
Bartov, O. (1985) The Eastern Front 1941–1945: German Troops and the Barbarisation of Warfare, Macmillan.
Beevor, A. (1998) Stalingrad, Viking.
Browning, C. J. (1992a) The Path to Genocide: Essays on Launch
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4.1 Introduction

Many of you will already be familiar with event processing if you have developed visual interfaces with the later versions of Java. Developing such an interface consists of a number of steps:

  • A visual object such as a button is placed in a container such as an applet or a
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Festival of Britain OP32778

*

Festival of Britain, South Bank, Lambeth, London. A panorama of the upstream section of the South Bank Exhibition, Festival of Britain. Photographed in July 1951.
© Historic England


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Introduction

In recent years, scientists have made huge gains in their understanding of how genes can be altered and transferred from one organism to another - but that knowledge has been acquired amidst controversy and concern. The deep ethical concerns that have resulted from the emergence of genetic manipulation are explored in this course. We begin with an examination of the basic structure and function of genes. A number of pioneering examples and techniques are explored, helping to explain why our p
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3.5 Electrophysiological studies of language processing

Brain imaging and aphasic studies helped us localise the subparts of language processing within the brain. However, they have shed little light on how processing unfolds in real time. This is because contemporary brain imaging is quite poor at showing changes in activity through time in fine detail, so it is hard to pick up something that may be happening slightly before something else.

In Author(s): The Open University

3.2 Removal of iron

Before leaving enterobactin to look at iron transport and storage in humans, it is worth asking the question: how does E. coli remove the iron from such a stable complex as the iron(III)–enterobactin once it has been absorbed?

The answer to this question can be found if we look back to reaction 38. The rigid, three-dimensional structure of the triserine ring of enterobactin is the main reason why enterobactin is such an effective ligand. If the structure of the ring is destroye
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1.3.5 Corporate connections

As I mentioned in Section 2, what was happening in the factories of overseas contractors was said to have appeared remote to most, if not all, the chief executive officers of the clothing multinationals in the 1980s. Overseas contractors were selected on the basis of market price, quality and reliability, not on whether forced or child labour happened to be employed to stitch the product together. However, all that changed in the early 1990s when the geographical ties between the big retailer
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One Minute Languages - Schedules
This flyer provides details on publication dates for each of the new One Minute Languages courses released between September and December 2008.Author(s): No creator set

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Obg0500: Miscellaneous Java Tutorials
R.G. (Dick) Baldwin
This is one of the modules in a collection titled "Programming Oldies But Goodies" that gathers many of my tutorials in their original HTML format into a common location to make them readily […]

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3.2 General search engines

An immediate temptation is to head straight for a search engine such as Google and enter your family name, but a moment's thought should warn you that the results will be disappointing. This is particularly so if your name is common or, like White or Snow, is also an English word. Even a relatively uncommon family name such as Rosewell turns out to be a place name in both Scotland and the USA and a misspelling of a UFO.

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Guns, Drugs, and Booze: The Bipartisan Support for Prohibition

It’s been noticed more than a few times that there aren’t many substantive differences between the Republicans and Democrats. While this is true in many ways for the parties themselves, the Left and Right certainly differ on a range of issues from welfare to abortion to gay rights.

What they have in common — at least the mainstream varieties — is a desire to use the state to shape society in whatever way they see fit. As Andrew Napolitano put it, “We have m
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Rights not set

Truth Telling in the Practice of Science
Talk given by Dr Denis Alexander as part of summer course 1
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2.3 Older lives and elder care homes: care and control

The de facto constitution of workhouses as ‘older’ spaces can be viewed as representing a precursor to public elder care homes as these developed later in the twentieth century. Indeed, the numbers of older people in such care homes today remains consistent with the 5 per cent of older people inhabiting workhouses at the end of the nineteenth century (Midwinter, 1997). Constituted as sites of care rather than control, these homes have nonetheless been subject to considerable critical scru
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2.2.1 Finance

Every time you use a debit or credit card the shop till uses a terminal connected to other computers via a network. Your identification details are automatically transferred from your card to your bank or credit card company for verification, and your balance adjusted accordingly. This also applies if you are shopping online, or over the phone (when booking a cinema ticket, for example). ATMs (also known as cashpoints) allow you to check your bank balance or withdraw cash from wherever you ar
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1.1.5 Organising information

How confident are you that you know when it is appropriate to cite references (refer to the work of other people) in your written work?

  • 5 – Very confident

  • 4 – Confident

  • 3 – Fairly confident

  • 2 – Not very confident

  • 1 – Not confident at all

How confident do you feel about producing bibliographies (lists of references) in an appropriate format to accompany you
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