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1.1 An overview of the unit

The relationship between observation of children and educational theory is central to the teaching of this unit: the theory should help you make sense of what you observe, while your observations should help you make sense of the theory. This perspective is reflected in the activities you will find in the blocks of study material. We recommend that you keep a notebook as you work through the unit. You can use this both for the activities that you do at home and for those that involve observat
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4.1 Thinking about constraints within your setting

Activity 6

0 hours 40 minutes

The objectives of this activity are:

  • to identify constraints within your setting;

  • to see where yo
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References

Cremin, H., Thomas, G. and Vincett, K. (2003) ‘Learning zones: an evaluation of three models for improving learning through teacher/teaching assistant teamwork’, Support for Learning, vol.18, no.4, pp.154–61.
Department for Education and Employment (DfEE) (2000) The Teaching Assistant's File: Induction Training For Teaching Assistants, DfEE, London.
Depar
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1.3 Shift in core duties

Over the last ten years, many teaching assistants across the UK have experienced a notable change in their day-to-day involvement in schools. A student on The Open University's specialist teacher assistant (STA) course, who started working in schools in 1975, described the shift in her role as ‘from pencil sharpener to work planner’. Another student who had extensive experience of working with children with special educational needs talked of moving ‘from just caring, to learning suppor
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4 Conclusions

Once we start to look at naturally occurring language we see that there is systematic variation in the choices people make. These choices relate to both the meaning and the context of the communication. Specifically we have looked at differences in mode between grammar in speech, especially conversation, and in writing.

You may already be familiar with the idea of variation within a language. For example, there are different varieties of English used in different parts of the world. In
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3.3 Expressing action points

Compare the way the action points are expressed in the phone conversation and in the formal written document.

Informal oral communication

During the phone conversation Mark used the present continuous and be + going to + verb to express future plans and intentions:

I'm supervising the mailing.

Kiran's going to write the press release.

Nick is doing the m
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La intención del escritor y su mensaje

Actividad 25

Finalmente, en esta actividad, va a juzgar la intención del escritor y su mensaje.

  1. Explique el efecto que tienen las figuras retóricas utilizadas en el cuento.

  2. Cont
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Primeras impresiones sobre el cuento Apocalipsis

Actividad 21

En esta actividad podrá dar sus primeras impresiones sobre el cuento Apocalipsis y analizará en detalle lo que pasó, dónde y cuándo; también podrá descubrir desde qué punto de vista se narra el cuento.

<
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Arte y cultura popular

Actividad 15

Ya ha analizado algunas de las diferencias que existen entre el arte y la artesanía. A continuación va a leer un texto académico en el que se explora el concepto de artesanía pero esta vez en relación a los términos dear
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Edgar de Santo

Actividad 10

En esta actividad va a oír a Edgar de Santo hablar de su propia obra.

1 Antes de escuchar el texto mire las siguientes ilustraciones y conteste las preguntas:

  • (a) 
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Gustos y preferencias

En esta sesión va a poder expresar sus gustos y preferencias respecto a distintas manifestaciones artísticas y también aprenderá a definir términos abstractos.

Actividad 1

En esta actividad va a leer lo que varias personas dicen
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8.4 Actividad

Actividad 8.3

In this activity you are going to find out about another interesting hotel, this time in Santiago de Cuba, which overlooks the house of Diego Velázquez, the first Spanish governor of Cuba.

DIEGO VELÁZQUEZ DE CUÉ
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6.2 Actividad

Actividad 6.1

Look at the following plan of a sports centre. Which of the facilities listed below are present in the centre?

Escoja la opcion correcta.


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1.1 Les avis sont partagés

What exactly does the average French person celebrate on Bastille Day? As you will see, opinions can differ widely.

Activité 1 LES AVIS SONT PARTAGÉS 11:17–13:42

Note that numbering continues from Unit 1 which looked
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Acknowledgements

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence

The extracts acknowledged below appear Chapter 3 (‘Modernity and English as a national language’ by Dick Leith and David Graddol
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5 Unit summary

At the beginning of the period you've studied in this unit, English was an important written language, but was still secondary in status to Latin in the domains of Church and scholarship. Political and social changes combine to have an impact on English; the events of this period demonstrate too the impact of extremely significant technologies. Interest in the English language grew, as evidenced by the beginning of practices that are still key in language description and analysis such as the
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4 Lexicography and etymology

Robert Cawdrey's (1604) dictionary is actually called A Table Alphabetical of Hard Usual English Words. It provides some early illustrations describing use of the English language.

As this interest in describing (and prescribing) use of the English language developed, so did lexicography, the craft of making dictionaries.

In Activity 10 you will look at an the extract from Blackadder III which makes fun of the part of a lexicographer's task that might be to do with
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Learning outcomes

After studying this unit you should be able to:

  • understand how the English language has changed over time from its origins to the present day;

  • understand the relationship between the history of the English language and social and political processes;

  • demonstrate aspects of the shifting configurations of English language practices and the social, cultural and political histories from which texts emerge;

  • understand methods of enquiry in
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1.6.3 Mailing lists and newsgroups

Mailing or discussion lists are email-based discussion groups. When you send an email to a mailing list address, it is sent automatically to all the other members of the list.

The majority of academic-related mailing lists in the UK are maintained by JISCMail. You will find details of joining these mailing lists on the JISCMailwebsite. Mailing lists a
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1.2.3 Basic principles

Whatever resource you choose to use to find information on the internet, many of the same principles apply. Each source that you use will probably look quite different from the one you tried before, but you'll notice that there are always features that are similar – a box to type your search terms in, for instance, or a clickable help button. Different resources refer to the same functions using different terminology, but the principles behind them are exactly the same. The trick is to chec
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