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Acknowledgements

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce materia
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Keep on learning

Study another free course

There are more than 800 courses on OpenLearn for you to
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1.8.2 ‘Props’ to support a performance

Heller leaves no doubt about the horror and panic produced by a situation where action was urgently called for, yet there was no framework within which to construct action. He found himself desperately casting around for things to do, falling back on his trusty stethoscope as a way to ‘play doctor’, but finding it inadequate for the circumstances. He was clearly relieved when the drip equipment arrived, giving him a structured role. And even in this desperate situation he was concerned to
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1.5.4 The patient’s role

Activity 8: The passive actor

0 hours 5 minutes

The patient is entirely passive in this scene. Does that mean that she has no role and is unimportant to the scene?
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1.5.1 Agreeing who to be

So far I have focused on one-to-one interactions. Yet ‘defining a scene’ is often a group effort. Goffman says this involves teamwork, with all participants, in effect, agreeing to act and speak within an overall frame of reference. He suggests that it works like a theatrical play in which everyone has taken on a part within the scene. To play your part means setting aside all those aspects of yourself which are not relevant to your role. The scene works only because everyone plays their
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1.4.2 The doctor–patient relationship

However, some care relationships are more tightly defined and more hierarchical, for example a doctor’s relationship with a patient. Within the biomedical model, the doctor’s role is to focus on the patient’s body and its functioning. The patient’s role is to report clearly and accurately on the body’s functions and the feelings it transmits. There is relatively little scope for the patient to influence the definition of this scene. The doctor generally makes the opening moves, whil
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1.3.2 Unsuccessful presentations

Activity 4: Unsuccessful presentations

0 hours 5 minutes

Can you think of a recent situation where you felt uncomfortable because you did not manage to ‘project
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1.2.2 Everyday scenes

Activity 3: Openings to everyday scene

0 hours 5 minutes

Think of examples of everyday scenes, at home or a work, which could be radically reshaped by an opening r
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3.2 Care labels

Why is it important to explore the way language is used? Two reasons were suggested in Section 1. Definitions are important so that services and support can be targeted to where they are most needed. And words carry several meanings. One student included as an example in her answers to the activity about what care means:

‘In care’ means stigma for children and young people.

This did not
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2.4 Defining terms

Why are we spending so much time and energy on asking whether Lynne is a carer? Does it matter? It would matter if Lynne wanted to apply for financial or practical support as a carer. It matters to budget holders to know how many people qualify, because carers are eligible for financial assistance. It would also matter to organisations which campaign for the needs of carers – organisations like the Carers National Association, Mencap, Age Concern or MIND. It would matter to a social worker
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2.2 Introducing the Durrants

The Arthur and Lynne case study

We will be focusing on a single case study, about Arthur and Lynne Durrant. This enables us to explore some broad questions about care, carers and caring which might be quite boring and divorced from real life if they were presented in the abstract
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2.1 When is someone an informal carer?

Figure 2
Who are informal carers?

Section 1 explores what is meant by t
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1 Caring: a family affair

Dream parents

Mummy would love me, daddy would too,

We'd go out on picnics or off to the zoo,

We would play in the park and feed the birds,

Listen to their songs and imagine their words.

My life would be full of joy and laughter,

All because they cared, my mother and father,

Never would I feel all cold and alone,

Knowing that I could always go h
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1 Arrangements for care and support

In this audio course, Helen Robinson interviews five different, but not untypical, people who have set up arrangements for care and support, which suit themselves and others. All the arrangements involve cash payments, or have done so at some point in time. However, they all also include transactions which, though they aren't made in cash, involve other forms of exchange – goods, emotions, knowledge, and/or help.

Before you listen to each of the clips, take time to read through the no
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4.4 Maximum heart rate

The other part of an efficient heart is the maximum rate that it can beat. If we think about competitors in a race that takes about five minutes, the athlete whose heart can beat at 200 times per minute for five minutes will probably do much better than one whose heart can only beat at 180 times per minute.

This is linked to how much blood is pumped with each beat. If an individual's heart doesn't pump very much blood when they are resting, then the heart rate has to increase so
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Introduction

With the announcement of the summer Olympics coming to London in 2012, fierce competition between football clubs in the domestic league, and developments in coaching and training throughout all areas of physical fitness, there has never been a better time to learn more about sport. Many of us take for granted what we know about sport, whether we participate or spectate. But have you ever thought about delving deeper, to find out more about the sport you follow in particular and how it fits in
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4 Power: the medical gaze and the management of risk

Power is an essential feature of the debate about the medicalisation of death, as western societies value knowledge and expertise and allocate authority accordingly. As highly trained professionals, medical and clinical practitioners fall into some of the most highly esteemed positions of authority in society. The philosopher, Foucault highlights the relationship between power and knowledge. He connects them to the extent that:

<
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3 Problems with quantification

One of the main problems with the medicalisation of death and dying is the idea that science has all the answers. Illness and dying carry the same degree of unpredictability and uncertainty as all everyday life events. So when service providers draw on medical knowledge and experience to offer some certainty and in one way to quantify the dying experience, it can be difficult to challenge. Indeed, there is a tension between wanting certainty and hoping for things to be different. Campaigner a
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Conclusion

This free course provided an introduction to studying Health and Social Care. It took you through a series of exercises designed to develop your approach to study and learning at a distance and helped to improve your confidence as an independent learner.


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2.1.1 Ian Traenor

Figure 1
Ian Traenor

Ian Traenor used to be a former employee of Scot
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