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A Grid Services Implementation for a Virtual Research Environment
In the past, virtual learning and research environments have typically been implemented as monolithic systems. Current research focuses on creating such environments from selected Grid and Web services. In this paper we describe the Virtual Orthopaedic European University, which was created to support Higher Surgical Trainees to provide evidence for their learning contracts by carrying out experiments and publishing the results. We use this environment as a case study for the re-implementation
Author(s): Wills Gary,Gilbert Lester,Gee Quintin,Davis Hugh C

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Learning Objects 1: Theory, Praxis, Issues, and Trends
Learning Objects, Theory, Praxis, Issues, and Trends provides an in-depth look at how learning objects are changing teaching and learning today and how learning objects will play an important role in the development of 21st century education. Written by a set of educators and Information Scientists from across the globe, the book ties current theory to current practices and uses that perspective as a foundation to chart new directions in the theory and praxis of learning objects. While the book'
Author(s): Koohang Alex,Harman Keith

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Studying Changes in Learning Environments BroughtAbout by ICT-Based Systems
Aim of our work is to briefly introduce the main aspects of a methodology for the analysis of individuals and environmental changes brought about by the introduction of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in learning environments. The theoretical framework underpinning our work is that of Activity Theory. More specifically, we draw on the Cole and Engeström modelling of the complex relationships between elements in an activity. We have worked out our contribution on the basis of th
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria,Chiappini Giampaolo

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Virtual Reality for Learning: Sharing Experiences rather than Resources
Virtual Reality is becoming a major candidate for embodying immersive learning environments. Whereas in the two preceding decades learning has been conceptualized as situations where students are guided rather than elicited to undertake actions, it is now the right time to explore the other side or the continuum.
Author(s): Kommers Piet

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Towards Collaborative Learning via Shared Artefacts over the Grid
The Web is the most pervasive collaborative technology in widespread use today; and its use to support eLearning has been highly successful. There are many web-based Virtual Learning Environments such as WebCT, FirstClass, and BlackBoard as well as associated web-based Managed Learning Environments. In the future, the Grid promises to provide an extremely powerful infrastructure allowing both learners and teachers to collaborate in various learning contexts and to share learning materials, lea
Author(s): Boldyreff Cornelia,Kyaw Phyo,Lavery Janet,Nutter D

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The Two Primary Tasks on the Way to National E_Learn Grid Node
E_learning as a class of applications In this short paper we focus on technological technologies for e-learning from the Kaunas University of Technology.
Author(s): Reklaitis Vytautas,Baniulis Kazys,Masevicius Antan

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Literature Review in Science Education and the Role of ICT: Promise, Problems and Future Directions
Today, what "counts" as science and science teaching is in a state of flux. This, however, is not new - for 150 years there have been debates about the purpose, nature and role of science education in our society. Any designer of resources and tools for the teaching of science therefore needs to be able to understand these debates, and to be aware of the origins and reasons for the changes that are currently taking place.,A NESTA Futurelab Research report - report 6
Author(s): Osborne Jonathon,Hennessy Sara

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The roles of models in Artificial Intelligence and Education research: a prospective view
In this paper I speculate on the near future of research in Artificial Intelligence and Education (AIED), on the basis of three uses of models of educational processes: models as scientific tools, models as components of educational artefacts, and models as bases for design of educational artefacts. In terms of the first role, I claim that the recent shift towards studying collaborative learning situations needs to be accompanied by an evolution of the types of theories and models that are used,
Author(s): Baker Michael J.

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The Seven, no eight, nine C's of Mobile Learning
This paper was presented at the Mobile Learning Workshop at the Kaleidoscope Alpine Rendez-Vous 2007. It identifies theories from the fields of cognition and educational psychology that can usefully be employed to explain the interactions between the user and their mobile device in a variety of mlearning contexts. The theoretical approaches that appear to be most relevant to mlearning are those that stem from the constructivist approach to learning, involve learner control and challenge by setti
Author(s): Wishart Jocelyn

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Supporting teachers when diagnosing their students in algebra
In this paper we will describe our current work on the Lingot project. We will focus on the description of a software called « Pépite », the objective of which is to help teachers diagnose their students' algebra competencies. Then we will show how different uses of Pepite by teachers lead us to define several types of diagnosis in order to fit better various users' needs.
Author(s): Delozanne Elisabeth,Grugeon Brigitte,Previt Domini

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Learning about Users from Observation
Many approaches and systems for recommending information, goods, or other kinds of objects have been developed in recent years. In these systems, machine learning methods are often used that need training input to acquire a user interest profile. Such methods typically need positive and negative evidence of the user’s interests. To obtain both kinds of evidence, many systems make users rate relevant objects explicitly. Others merely observe the user’s behavior, which yields positive evidence
Author(s): Schwab Ingo,Koychev Ivan,Kobsa Alfred

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Knowledge management and learning in the organizational context
In the last decades, learning and knowledge have become key success factors for international competitiveness with the result that intangible and immaterial resources have overtaken physical and tangible assets in order of importance. The introduction of knowledge management (KM) practices and initiatives has provided companies with new opportunities to maximize the value of the knowledge they possess. It has helped as well to increase their capacity to learn and adapt quicker to the environment
Author(s): Antonova Albena,Gurova Elisaveta,Nikolov Roumen

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Futurelab: The potential of open source approaches for education
Free, Libre, Open Source Software (FLOSS) refers to any software distributed under a licence that allows users to change or share the software source code. Futurelab's interest in this area stems from the belief that FLOSS provides an example of peer-production which is driven by collaborative, social modes of interaction and knowledge exchange. This paper discusses some of the potential ways in which the approaches that characterise FLOSS might be applied in educational contexts.,Research repor
Author(s): Bacon Seb,Dillon Teresa

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Literature Review in Learning with Tangible Technologies
When we think of digital technologies in schools, we tend to think of computers, keyboards, sometimes laptops, and more recently whiteboards and data projectors. These tools are becoming part of the familiar educational landscape. Outside the walls of the classroom, however, there are significant changes in how we think about digital technologies - or, to be more precise, how we don’t think about them, as they disappear into our clothes, our fridges, our cars and our city streets. This disappe
Author(s): O'Malley Claire,Stanton Fraser Danae

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Developing Interactive Learning Environments that can be used by all the classes having access to co
Our research team has developed and experimented software for the learning of algebra, named Aplusix, with the idea of being usable and useful for all the classes having access to computers, and of helping teachers to teach the curriculum. In this paper, we list 19 principles that we consider relevant to this goal and we briefly describe the Aplusix system. This system is distributed in France since early 2005 and will be distributed in many countries from 2006. It has proven to be efficient (st
Author(s): Nicaud Jean-François,Bouhineau Denis,Chaachoua Ha

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Levels of Web-Based Discussion: Theory of Perspective-Taking as a Tool for Analyzing Interaction.
The aim of this paper is to present a model how the level of web-based discussion can be analyzed. The model has been developed in an empirical study where we examined the quality of asynchronous interaction in web-based conferencing. Because all successful communication presumes perspective-taking skills and reciprocal understanding among the participants, we studied whether the students are able to reach in reciprocal interaction and thus create educationally relevant high-level web-based disc
Author(s): Järvelä Sanna,Häkkinen Päivi

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Quelques méthodes d'intelligence artificielle pour la modélisation de l'élève
This paper presents some of the artificial intelligence techniques which have been used for student modeling : planning, machine learning, diagnosis and belief revision. Each technique is brie y described, then its application to student modeling is presented and illustrated by a few examples. The advantages and drawbacks of these methods are discussed. We end this survey with some directions for further researches.
Author(s): Py Dominique

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OCTOPUS: A Technological Model for Online Resource Centre in Environmental Education
The communication focuses on the implementation of an innovative model for creation of online resources and e-learning activities on a web platform dedicated to environmental education. All activities take place in the frame of Minerva project OCTOPUS: "Transnational on-line resource centre". The resource centre implements a mechanism of multilevel knowledge development and information retrieval system using modern electronic tools. This model is dynamic by its technological structure and also f
Author(s): Giurgiu Mircea,Carioca Vito J.,Chouriço Joao C.,G

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Semantic Annotation for Learning Material
This paper aims at providing the specification for semantic annotation tools for e-learning. From the specific requirements of annotating learning material, we categorize and evaluate the existing annotation tools, mainly general purpose ones. We illustrate two research prototypes of annotation tools we developed, and evaluate to what extend the specific requirements of annotating learning material are reached by these research prototypes.
Author(s): Azouaou Faiçal,Chen Weiqin,Desmoulins Cyrille

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An Integrated Approach for Analysing and Assessing the Performance of Virtual Learning Groups
Collaborative distance learning involves a variety of elements and factors that have to be considered and measured in order to analyse and assess group and individual performance more effectively and objectively. This paper presents an approach that integrates qualitative, social network analysis (SNA) and quantitative techniques for evaluating online collaborative learning interactions. Integration of various different data sources, tools and techniques provides a more complete and robust frame
Author(s): Daradoumis Thanasis,Martinez Alejandra,Xhafa Fatos

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