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References

Hartley, T.C. (1998) The Foundations of European Community Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp. 11–13.
Tempest, M. (2004) ‘EU leaders sign constitution’, Guardian, 29 October.
Wright, G. and Jeffrey, S. (2004) ‘Q&A: the European constitution’, Guardian, 26 March.

Author(s): The Open University

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TALAT Lecture 2405: Fatigue an Fracture in Aluminium Structures
This lecture outlines modern fatigue design procedures and standards, the respective background information; it introduces fatigue design by testing; it presents fatigue data analysis and evaluation; it covers safety and reliability issues in aluminium design. This material has been utilized together with further definitions for classification of structural details to provide a proposal supported by the European Aluminium Association as a National Application Document, which may also be conside
Author(s): TALAT,Dimitris Kosteas, Technische Universität MÃ

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20.181 Computation for Biological Engineers (MIT)
This course covers the analytical, graphical, and numerical methods supporting the analysis and design of integrated biological systems. Topics include modularity and abstraction in biological systems, mathematical encoding of detailed physical problems, numerical methods for solving the dynamics of continuous and discrete chemical systems, statistics and probability in dynamic systems, applied local and global optimization, simple feedback and control analysis, statistics and probability in pat
Author(s): Alm, Eric,Endy, Andrew

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Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative C

4.2 Instantaneous acceleration

The procedure of Question 15 for determining the instantaneous velocity of the car can be carried out for a whole set of different times and the resulting values of vx can be plotted against t to form a graph. This has been done in Figure 28, which shows how the velocity varies with time. At time t = 0 s, the car has zero velocity because it starts from rest. At later times, the velocity is positive because the car moves in the direction of incre
Author(s): The Open University

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2 Aims

The aims of this section are for you to:

  • gain greater fluency, confidence and skill in using your calculator;

  • begin to appreciate how the calculator can be used as a tool for learning mathematics;

  • develop an effective means of working from the Calculator Book.

In order to complete this section you will need to have obtained a Texas Instruments TI-83 calculator and the book Tapping into M
Author(s): The Open University

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6.1 Perspectives on managing

My focus in this section is on the M ball being juggled by a systems practitioner. My purpose is to enable you to appreciate the diversity of activities that might constitute managing. More specifically, I am concerned with the type of managing a systems practitioner might undertake. When you began Part 3, Section 4, I asked you to complete an activity (Author(s): The Open University

Money talks: Trumponomics
Donald Trump's presidential campaign is astounding political analysts and flummoxing economists; and we also look at whether high denomination bank notes are useful only to criminals Correction: We attribute an analysis of Donald Trump's economic proposals at 2:40 minutes to the Tax Policy Centre, when in fact it is from the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget. We regret the error.
Author(s): The Economist

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3.11 Multiplication of fractions

Multiplication by a whole number is really just repeated addition, 4 × 3 is 4 times 3:

In the same way,

Author(s): The Open University

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Doughnut Economics: seven ways to think like a 21st century economist [Audio]
Speaker(s): Kate Raworth, Professor Oriana Bandiera | Economics matters. Its theories are the mother tongue of public policy, the rationale for multi-billion-dollar investments, and the tools we use to tackle global poverty and manage our planetary home. Pity then – or more like disaster – that its fundamental ideas are centuries out of date, but still dominate decision-making for the future. Instead of criticising the past, this book takes the long view forwards, identifying seven insights
Author(s): No creator set

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6.1 Introduction

The international level can be viewed as an arena of politics in its own right and not just as a context for states and other actors. If we think of the international world in this way, how should relations between states, and other actors on the international stage, be constructed? To what extent should those relations be regulated? We can ask whether relations between states, and states' policy making, should be dictated by allegedly universally shared human rights principles, or by other o
Author(s): The Open University

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1 Making, interpreting and applying rules

The aim of this course is to introduce you to the processes of making, interpreting and applying rules.

We often think about social rules, most of which are unwritten and which we observe because we have a shared social understanding of what they are. We are now going to think about a different kind of rule. A definition of a rule (as opposed to a habit, custom or role) is shown in Author(s): The Open University

Differences in the neural basis of Chinese and English reading
Introduction: Previous functional imaging studies comparing Chinese and English reading have reported that a left middle frontal region is more activated by Chinese reading and the left superior temporal cortex is more activated by English reading (Tan et al. 2001; 2003). We investigated this finding and its interpretation by conducting a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study of reading in China and England using monolingual adolescents who spoke Mandarin or English respectively. Ou
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Upcoming total solar eclipse is the first visible across the U.S. in 99 years
Vanderbilt University astronomer Billy Teets explains the historic path of the total solar eclipse on Aug. 21. Teets says the eclipse will only be viewable along a 70-mile-wide path from the West Coast to the East Coast.
Author(s): Vanderbilt News and Communications

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1.3.1 Try some yourself

Activity 3

A local supermarket sells a popular breakfast cereal in a ‘Large Pack’ and ‘New Extra Large Pack’. They are both being sold at ‘knock down’ prices. The large pack contains 450 g of cereal priced at
Author(s): The Open University

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Russian Christmas Traditions
Russian Christmas traditions involve many unique holiday activities. (01:50)

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4 Aerobic fitness training methods

Various training methods can be employed to develop aerobic fitness. In the activity below we explore some examples used by a team of footballers.

Activity 1

Allow about 40 minutes

Watch th
Author(s): The Open University

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The Worst Form of Government? [Audio]
Speaker(s): Beatrix Campbell, Professor Peter Hallward, Dr Edward Kanterian | Winston Churchill famously described democracy as ‘the worst form of government except for all the others that have been tried’. While not exactly a resounding endorsement, something like this sentiment is strongly held by most people in Western societies. Those who challenge it are branded ‘extremists’ or ‘ideologues’, with special suspicion reserved for those who incorporate unfamiliar cultural or religio
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4-point bending under a circular polariscope of annealed polycarbonate bar
Annealed bar undergoing 4-point bending under a circular polariscope, From TLP: Introduction to photoelasticity, http://www.msm.cam.ac.uk/doitpoms/tlplib/photoelasticity/index.html
Author(s): DoITPoMS, University of Cambridge

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Modelling pollution
The cleaning up of the North American Great Lakes is one of the great success stories in pollution control. Modelling gives scientists the tools to forecast outcomes in a complex environment: how will the pollution accumulate? what will happen if pollution is stopped all together? The two video tracks on this album demonstrate how modelling techniques provide a scientific basis for the political decisions that have revived the area. The material forms part of course MSXR209 Mathematical Modellin
Author(s): The iTunes U team

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