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Making the abstract concrete: Visualizing mathematical solution procedures
This paper reports on an experiment investigating the effects of different kinds of computer-based visualizations on the acquisition of problem-solving skills in the domain of probability theory. Learners received either purely text-based worked examples, text plus an instruction to mentally imagine the examples’ contents, or the possibility of retrieving either static pictures or concrete animations that depicted the problem statement and the problem states achieved by applying a specific solu
Author(s): Scheiter Katharina,Gerjets Peter,Catrambone Richar

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Exploratory Test of an Automated Knowledge Elicitation and Organization Tool
his paper combines the contents of two papers that were presented at the ITS 98 conference one focusing on knowledge representation (Shute, 1998) and the other describing a knowledge elicitation tool (Shute, Torreano, & Willis, 1998). There are three main purposes of this paper. First, as a means to stress instructional and assessment implications of different knowledge types, we will briefly overview knowledge representations. Second, we describe a novel cognitive tool designed to aid in knowle
Author(s): Shute Valerie J.,Torreano Lisa A.,Willis Ross E.

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Collaborative distributed environments for learning design tasks by means of modelling and simulatio
The Simulation discipline has to face new challenges such as the incorporation of Collaborative Technologies for professional use as well as for teaching purposes. This integration permits the creation of new kinds of support for collaborative learning processes. In this paper, we explore the potential of this synergy with DomoSim-TPC, a synchronous distributed collaborative environment for the teaching and learning of Domotics. The system supports an active, simulation-based and problem-based a
Author(s): Bravo Crescencio,Redondo Miguel,Ortega Manuel,Verd

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Training programme for geography teachers
This paper contains a description of a Geography teacher-training program for in-service education. The program is a variant for incorporating the methodology of the Minerva- project “Innovative Didactics via Web-based Learning” (further abbreviated as IDWBL) so that the Geography teachers at work can be adequately prepared for integrating ICT in geography education at secondary schools via web-based education. The theme may seem at first glance as a variation of a known subject… But for the
Author(s): Angelova-Gancheva Daniela

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The LEAP Authoring Tool: Supporting complex courseware authoring through reuse, rapid prototyping, a
An important goal of current work in computer-based learning environments is to develop systems that combine the richness and effectiveness of an individually crafted intelligent tutoring system (ITS) with the generality and flexibility of a computer-assisted instruction (CAI) authoring tool. Our effort to achieve this goal is demonstrated in the Learn, Explore and Practice (LEAPsm) ITS shell and its courseware development component, The LEAP Authoring Tool (LAT). The LAT was developed for use b
Author(s): Sparks Randall,Dooley Scott,Meiskey Lori,Blumentha

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Benefits of Virtual Characters in Computer Based Learning Environments: Claims and Evidence
Pedagogical theory of today gives high priority to social components of learning. Within the field of computer supported learning there are many attempts to acknowledge this. One approach involves the addition of virtual characters to electronic learning environments. Such character enhanced systems are the focus of the present article. Firstly, a systematic overview is given of pedagogical benefits that have been proposed in the literature regarding character enhancement of electronic learning
Author(s): Gulz Agneta

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Ontology Development at the Conceptual Level for Theory-Aware ITS Authoring Systems
This paper presents ontology engineering at the conceptual level, based on case analysis where an author (a human or software agent), assisted by an ITS authoring system, needs to select an instructional strategy (method) in order to develop a learning scenario or environment. A detailed description of the development process at the conceptual level is provided, followed by the presentation of its results. Outstanding issues raised therein will be shared for further reflection.
Author(s): Psyché Valéry,Mizoguchi Riichiro,Bourdeau Jacque

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Using a concept mapping software as a knowledge construction tool in a graduate online course
Stemming from a twenty-month pedagogical experience using a concept mapping software for higher education students in an online course, this paper reports findings from what became an exploratory study. The objectives were to support the students’ knowledge construction process and to stimulate metacognitive reflection. After having read some instructional texts, students used an object-oriented modeling tool called MOT) to graphically represent a network of at least fifteen knowledge units of
Author(s): Basque Josianne,Pudelko Béatrice

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How to scaffold the students to design experimental procedures? A situation experienced by 108 high-
This paper presents a proposition to improve the construction of concepts when doing experimental activities, and, in fact, to improve the construction of sense in experimental activities. This research involved 108, 17-18 year old students designing an experimental procedure for palaeontology learning. We first developed an analyse of the expert procedure and second, we realised a teaching sequence in which students were led to design an experimental procedure to measure the facial angle of a c
Author(s): Marzin Patricia,d'Ham Cedric,Sanchez Eric

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How to use an Instructional Engineering Method and a Modelling Tool
This chapter discusses how to build IMS learning designs focusing on three aspects, instructional engineering, modeling tools and graphical design techniques. First, we propose that instructional de-signers use a systemic and systematic instructional engineering method to build Units of Learning conforming to the IMS-LD speci-fication. MISA, a mature instructional engineering method will serve as the basis to our design approach. Second, we present a graphical modeling tool, MOT+, and a represe
Author(s): Paquette Gilbert,de la Teja Ileana,Leonard Michel,

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First version of the eLogbook tool supporting exchange of artifacts at both the community and the te
eLogbook is a collaborative Web-based environment deployed by the Swiss federal Institute of Technology in the framework of PALETTE European project and aimed at sustaining communication for communities of practice.,PALETTE deliverable - report number D.MED.03 - 18 pages
Author(s): Rekik Yassin,Salzmann Christophe,Man Yu Chui,El He

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Emergent Diagnosis via Coalition Formation
This paper presents a mechanism of coalition formation where agents solve a problem of diagnosis. Our approach considers that a diagnosis may be seen as the result of an emergent process where findings (at a microscopic level) are interpreted by entities (at a macroscopic level). At the micro-level agents interact and form coalitions. At the macro-level specialized agents are able to interpret coalition formation and infer a diagnosis. Our domain of application is student modelling and in this f
Author(s): Webber Carine,Pesty Sylvie

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Une aide à la réingénierie d'un scénario pédagogique via la préconisation et la formalisation
La démarche que nous proposons dans cet article s'inscrit dans une réflexion menée autour de la réingénierie des EIAH. Elle concerne plus précisément la réingénierie d'un scénario pédagogique en assistant les concepteurs dans la phase de définition des observables qui leur permettront de comprendre a posteriori le déroulement d'une session d'apprentissage. De ce point de vue, notre démarche présente plusieurs points forts. Tout d'abord, elle permet de préconiser des observables
Author(s): Barré Vincent,Choquet Christophe

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Approche par transformation de modèles pour la conception d'EIAH
Ce papier concerne la conception de situations d'apprentissage dans le cadre de la formation à distance. Des travaux préalables ont été menés afin de proposer un langage, CPM (Cooperative Problem-based learning Metamodel), exploitant la richesse graphique proposé par UML (Unified Modeling Language). CPM est alors construit sous la forme d'un profil UML.Il se positionne au niveau des phases de conception en amont des EML (Educational Modeling Language). Nous présentons alors une technique
Author(s): Laforcade Pierre

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Navigation interactive pour l'apprentissage en linguistique textuelle
Cet article présente un langage de modélisation des connaissances de visualisation et de navigation et leur implémentation dans une plate-forme logicielle NaviTexte. Nous montrons que cette implémentation nécessite de disposer d' un modèle de texte que nous décrivons. Une application à la linguistique textuelle qui permette à un étudiant de voir et de naviguer dans un texte entre des unités textuelles qui en assurent la cohérence est ensuite présentée.,Preprint
Author(s): Couto Javier,Lundquist Lita,Minel Jean-Luc

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Analyse des changements induits par la technologie dans des travaux pratiques de sciences expérimen
Un laboratoire distant est présenté : Educ@ffix.net, dans lequel les apprenants doivent construire un protocole d’expérience grâce à un environnement informatique dédié, puis réaliser cette expérience par l’intermédiaire d’un robot distant. Le protocole doit d’abord être validé par un tuteur artificiel, puis la manipulation est exécutée par le robot et visualisée grâce à une caméra via le web. Dans ces conditions, l’expérience de chimie est modifiée par rapport à une si
Author(s): Girault Isabelle,d'Ham Cedric

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Didactique et intelligence artificielle
Le présent article reprend l'essentiel du contenu de mon exposé introductif à la journée "Didactique et environnements d'apprentissage informatisés" de la VI° école d'été de didactique des mathématiques (Gras 1991) et les principales idées présentées lors du premier exposé que j'ai fait sur ce thème à l'occasion des XIII° journées francophones sur l'informatique (Balacheff 1991). Il s'agit de suggérer des lignes de recherches potentiellement fécondes pour les didacticiens, da
Author(s): Balacheff Nicolas

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Internal and external collaboration scripts in web-based science learning at schools
Collaboration scripts can help learners to engage in argumentation and knowledge acquisition. However, they might have differential effects for learners holding differently structured knowledge (internal scripts) on argumentation. We investigated how external scripts interact with learners’ internal scripts concerning collaborative argumentation. 98 students from two secondary schools participated. Two versions of an external collaboration script (high vs. low structured) supporting argumentati
Author(s): Kollar Ingo,Fischer Frank,Slotta James

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Video workflow in the learning sciences: Prospect of Emerging technologies for argmenting work pract
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Author(s): Pea Roy D.,Hoffert Eric

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WILD for learning: Interacting through new computing devices anytime, anywhere
We use the acronym WILD to refer to Wireless Interactive Learning Devices1. WILD are powerful and small handheld2 networked computing devices. The smallest handheld computers fit in one hand easily. The user interacts with the device either by touching the screen with a pen-shaped stylus, or by typing with both thumbs on a small keyboard known as a thumb-pad keyboard. The largest are the size of a paperback book and have a keyboard that is large enough to type on with all ten fingers. Their low
Author(s): Pea Roy D.,Maldonado Heidy

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