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1.2.3 Basic principles

Whatever resource you choose to use to find information on the internet, many of the same principles apply. Each source that you use will probably look quite different from the one you tried before, but you'll notice that there are always features that are similar – a box to type your search terms in, for instance, or a clickable help button. Different resources refer to the same functions using different terminology, but the principles behind them are exactly the same. The trick is to chec
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1.1.4 Evaluating information

How well does the following statement describe your approach to evaluating the information that you use?

When I come across a new piece of information (e.g. a website, newspaper article) I consider the quality of the information, and based on that I decide whether or not to use it.

  • 5 – This is an excellent match; this is exactly what I do


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1.1.3 Searching for information on health and lifestyle

How well does the following statement match what you do when you begin a new search for information?

Before I begin a new search for information (maybe for an assignment, or to help you choose your next holiday destination), I spend some time thinking about what I already know, what the gaps in my knowledge are, and the best types of information to meet my needs.

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Learning outcomes

By the end of this guide you should be able to:

  • conduct your own searches efficiently and effectively;

  • find references to material in bibliographic databases;

  • make efficient use of full text electronic journals services;

  • critically evaluate information from a variety of sources;

  • understand the importance of organising your own information;

  • identify some of the systems available;

  • describe ho
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References

Baker, C. (ed.) (1998) Human Rights Act 1998: A Practitioner's Guide, London, Sweet and Maxwell.
Bashir, A. (1999) ‘Working in racist Britain’, Community Care, 21–27 October, p. 26.
Biehal, N., Clayden, J., Stein, M. and Wade, J. (1992) Prepared for Living? A Survey of Young People Leaving the Care of Three Local Authorities, London, National Childre
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4.2 Conflict and partnership

Whatever the professional setting of their practice, social workers are likely to be working with service users from a diverse range of cultures and backgrounds. As noted above, it is part of their responsibility as practitioners to respect and value social diversity and to work with service users in a way that recognises and builds on their strengths. This can be difficult to do in the context of the legislation. At this point, however, we want you to start to think about how practitioners c
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4.1 Unit themes and social work values

The next activity asks you to consider the relationship between the unit themes and value requirements for social care workers set out below.

Activity 4 Unit themes and social work values

0 hours 20 minutes
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1.5 Accountability

Social workers have to act within the law and can be called upon to justify their actions to courts and managers as well as to service users. The law can define a worker's accountability in some detail. Furthermore, service users have a right to complain. Social workers are also employees and thus can be called upon to justify their actions to their line management and agency; this will be outlined by their agency requirements.


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1.4 Rights

Rights is a word that is used in different ways. Lawyers use it to indicate that a person is entitled to something, for example not to be dismissed unfairly from their job or to sue for damages if they have been sold faulty goods. Others sometimes talk of rights when they are making a moral claim, for example that they ought to be allowed to demonstrate or that a particular law is unjust or unfair. In this unit we use rights primarily in the first sense, i.e. when we are talking about the act
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1.3 Empowerment and anti-oppressive practice

Empowerment can be defined as enabling service users to take action to improve their lives. From the point of view of service users, practitioners are often in positions of considerable power, particularly where decisions are being made about the delivery of services and around intervention in people's lives. To practise empowerment, social workers will need to focus on working with service users to engage them in the problem-solving process. Empowerment is linked with anti-oppressive practic
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1.1 Themes shaping practice

There are five main themes running through this unit. These themes, though not uncontested or fixed, are based on core principles and ideas that shape practice in the field of social care and social work in the statutory, independent and voluntary sectors. They are:

  1. Partnership

  2. Empowerment and anti-oppressive practice

  3. Rights

  4. Accountability

  5. Valuing diversity.

Below you
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Acknowledgements

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence

All materials included in this unit are derived from content originated at the Open University.

Every effort has bee
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References

Brooker, L. (2002) Starting School: Young children learning about cultures, Buckingham and Philadelphia, Open University Press.
Brown, A. L, Ash, D., Rutherford, M., Nakagawa, K., Gordon, A. and Campione, J. C. (1993) ‘Distributed expertise in the classroom’ in Salomon, G. (ed.) Distributed Cognitions: Psychological and educational considerations, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

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4.4 Observing play

Observing children's play offers an important way in which adults can monitor and assess children's progress.

Logging children's use of a particular activity or play scenario helps practitioners monitor how children use their time, their particular interests and any gaps in their experiences, so that practitioners can plan a balanced curriculum that takes note of children's strengths, interests and needs.

(QC
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4.3 Do children need to play?

Although we have considered the purposes of play and the extent to which it is valued in various societies, we have not considered how necessary play is for children's learning, development and well-being. There is reason to think that children who have their play behaviour severely restricted, or who find it difficult to play, can become very unhappy, or worse. In a study of 26 young male murderers, Brown (1998) reported that normal play behaviour was virtually absent throughout the lives of
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3.4 What play means to children

So far in this section we have been exploring whether or not play is valuable and worthwhile, but in doing so we have been operating within an educational framework and thinking about ways in which play may, or may not, support young children's learning and development. Strandell argues that practitioners tend to:

put phenomena and children into fixed categories of meaning: to know what a child is and what he or sh
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2.4 Opportunities for play within your setting

Activity 3

2 hours 0 minutes

Aim: to explore the opportunities for play within your setting.

  1. Look at your planning for one day this wee
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2.2 Play experiences within your setting

Activity 2

2 hours 0 minutes

Aim: to begin to clarify what play experiences children have in your setting during the course of a session.

As an experienced practitioner,
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1.1 Introduction

In many countries play is widely viewed as an effective way in which children learn, and most curriculum outlines or frameworks make some reference to play. There is reason to think, however, that the concerted focus on raising educational standards throughout the UK has resulted in an increased emphasis on adult-led learning and a loss of ground for play as a child-led learning process, particularly in the middle years of childhood (7–11 years).

A further aspect highlighted by Peter
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Learning outcomes

On completion of this unit you will have:

  • examined the place play has in the curriculum framework/guidance or documents most relevant to your setting;

  • considered various definitions of play;

  • explored ideas about the value of play and adults' attitudes towards play;

  • considered play in your setting and attempted to access children's perceptions of play;

  • explored issues such as gender and play and children's right to play.
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