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3 Self-determination: individual and collective

The idea of a right to ‘collective self-determination’ is a difficult one – how can a group, as opposed to an individual, have a ‘right’? To argue that a nation has a right to self-determination is, some might argue, to overlook what rights are, and who can claim them.

'Self-determination’ has a positive ring about it – how could anyone oppose it? The idea of self-determination has strong resonances in political theory, dating back as far as Hobbes, at least in Engl
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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • understand what all the terms highlighted in bold in the text mean

  • understand the fundamental hardware components that make up a computer’s hardware and the role of each of these components

  • understand the difference between an operating system and an application program, and what each is used for in a computer

  • describe some examples of computers and state the effect that the use of
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1 Distributed models

Before looking in detail at some of the technologies it is worth examining some of the implementation and design models that can be used for distributed system development ranging from the familiar, message passing, to the unfamiliar, tuple-based technology. In describing these I have two aims: first, to detail the variety of methods and architectures that are available and the degree of closeness they have to Internet technologies such as TCP/IP, for example message passing is close in conce
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6.1 What is a business model?

The aim of this section is to look at some of the business models which have been used to drive internet applications. A business model is a high-level description of an application type which contains all the common features which can be found in specific examples of the model. For example, one of the most popular business models is the e-shop which describes a website that sells products. The model is general in that it does not describe the item that is sold or the mechanisms that a
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3.4 Newsgroups

A newsgroup is a collection of internet users who are interested in a particular topic. The topic may be a technical one, for example the LINUX operating system, or a recreational one such as fly fishing. Members of a newsgroup send messages associated with a particular issue such as the date of release of the next version of LINUX or the efficacy of using certain fiies on certain rivers. Each message – known as a posting – will contain the user's thoughts on the topic. Once
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Professional relationships with young people
In some people's eyes the development of relationships is a good end in itself, as it is in relationships that we express our humanity. Young people with few good-quality relationships in their lives often find that entering into informal relationships with adults who respect, accept, like and really listen to them is a new life experience. These relationships can offer the young people new perspectives on approaching, developing and managing quality relationships of their own. This free course
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Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2

Keep on learning

Study another free course

There are more than 800 courses on OpenLearn for you to
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3.3 Actividad

Actividad 3.3

Look at the map of South America and complete the following description using al lado de, y and entre.

Mire el mapa y complete el texto.


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6.6 A few final thoughts

This final section has concentrated on the heart, the lungs and the blood – the body's cardio-respiratory system. We saw briefly how the body takes oxygen in through the lungs, and discussed the importance of this for athletes in various sports. To understand the role of oxygen in the body and its importance to athletes, we had to draw on information that we had discussed in earlier sections about the way oxygen is carried in the blood and the way that the heart pumps blood to different par
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5.5 What is blood?

So, having learned about how blood moves around the body, let's now look at what it's made up of and therefore why we need it at all, and why its health has an effect on sporting performance.

Blood has four main components – three types of cell and the watery liquid that holds these cells. Briefly, these four components are:

  • Red blood cells these cells give blood its characteristic colour. They make up about seven per cent of blood and th
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7 Audio clip 4: Paul

Paul was 30 years old when he was interviewed. He had been in and out of homelessness for most of his adult life, but had become a volunteer with the Cyrenians. He was living in a shared house with some other volunteers.

Paul spent much of his childhood in a caravan in Happy Valley, near the sea, with his parents, brothers and sisters. At 21, when he was living with his girlfriend and her parents, his daughter was born. When she was two months old, they were kicked out, and Paul went to
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6 Audio clip 3: Ernest

At the time of the interview, Ernest was 28 years old. He was living in the Cyrenians' hostel, where he had been for some time. He was trying to find employment, and was contemplating a move to independent living. However, he felt somewhat frightened at the prospect of leaving the security of the hostel, which he likened to a family.

Ernest is from Kenya. He first came to Britain, and Swansea, as a student, eight years before the interview. You will hear about the difficulties he faced
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5 Audio clip 2: Danny

Danny is 49 and sleeps rough in the city, as he has done for very many years. He was born and bred in Northern Ireland, and recounted some happy childhood memories. He became a civil servant in London, working for the Department of Health and Social Security, as a higher executive officer, but lost his job and his wife through drink. After sleeping rough on the streets of London for a while, he returned to Belfast. After robbing a chemist's shop, he was sent to prison for seven years, for rob
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2 Focusing on the individual

In this section you will be thinking about the individual people who are at the heart of the social work process – the service user and the social worker. Relationships between social workers and service users are integral to all social work interventions, whatever the area of social work practice. Being able to build relationships with service users and colleagues, maintain them and reflect honestly on them are central to social work practice. In this section we will be exploring some aspe
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Conclusion

This free course provided an introduction to studying Health and Social Care. It took you through a series of exercises designed to develop your approach to study and learning at a distance and helped to improve your confidence as an independent learner.


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3.4 Pharmaceuticals for mental health: a brief history

The ‘revolution’ in drug therapy is widely credited with causing the mass closure of psychiatric hospitals in the 1950s and 1960s, meaning that patients who had previously been considered too much of a danger to themselves or others could be safely housed ‘in the community’ as long as they took the medication. However, the trend for a reduction in numbers was already evident at the time the drugs in question began to be available, and academics such as Joan Busfield and Andrew Scull a
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2.12.3 Scientific advances

Advances in science may have dramatic effects on future therapeutic relationships. As specific funding becomes available for testing CAM, and as CAM practitioners start accepting the idea that their future sustainability may depend on them citing scientific research to establish their claims, more information will become available about which aspects of the therapeutic relationship are more, or less, beneficial. This may include research testing the hypothesis that elements of the CAM therape
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2.12 The future of the therapeutic relationship

As discussed earlier in this extract, therapeutic relationships are subject to constant review and reinterpretation. As the culture changed, the predominant shift in health care was away from paternalistic forms of relationships based on professional expertise towards partnership models in which the patient has more rights but also more responsibilities. This final section looks to the future and considers some of the factors that can impact on therapeutic relationships in CAM.


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Einstein's Greatest Blunder
Albert Einstein is one of the greatest scientists to ever live, and even he made mistakes, as Luke Jew explains - A comforting thought for all of us! This great mistake was about the astrophysics that will ultimately determine how our universe will end.
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Formula Growth donates $1.1 M to Quebec universities
http://concordia.ca/news.html Montreal-based investment firm Formula Growth Limited is advancing business programs at Concordia, Bishop's, McGill universities and HEC Montréal thanks to a $1.1 million donation to all four institutions. In this video, Concordia Department of Journalism student Emily Campbell explains how this gift will support the following initiatives: • John Dobson—Formula Growth Investment Room at Concordia's John Molson School of Business (JMSB). • The Dobson-Lagass
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