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2.4 Models as part of systems work

Thinking systemically involves identifying systems relevant to some situation, and models are invariably used as part of this process. An example of this forms part of Checklands' Soft Systems Methodology (SSM) (Checkland, 1981). One aspect of this methodology concerns the formulation of a root definition of some system that is relevant to the situation of interest and the construction of a conceptual model of this system. The root definition is a concise, verbal description of what a
Author(s): The Open University

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Climate change in northwest China over the past millennium
Around half of the world’s population lives under the influence of the Asian monsoons. The sustainability of water resources, which is intimately tied up with future monsoon variability, is a critically-important issue in northwest China where development is taking place at the margins of agricultural productivity and towards the fringe of the landward penetration of summer monsoon rainfall. Understanding the likely future behaviour of the Asian monsoons is therefore critical for the people of
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The concept of culture in cultural evolution
In his keynote speech for the Cultural Evolution Workshop (held in the Pitt Rivers Museum on 28 February 2017), Prof. Tim Lewens of Cambridge examines the concept of culture in cultural evolution.
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5.2 The origins of the wars of the three kingdoms

From Catholic rebellion to Civil War, what happened during the latter years of the reign of Charles I that caused people to take up arms against their fellow citizens? This unit looks at the background of the wars between England, Scotland and Ireland and how the King's actions led to the rift between royalists and parliamentarians.

To access this material click on the unit link below. It leads to a separate OpenLearn unit and will open in a new window.


    Author(s): The Open University

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Advice for Becoming an ‘Engaged Leader’
In bestselling author Charlene Li’s new book, she challenges leaders to use social technologies to connect with their customers and employees.
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導波回路論
Electromagnetic waves are used for broadcast, communications, and sensing in a great variety of frequency ranges which include microwave, millimeter-wave and optical frequency regions. The lecture explains the theory that is used for designing RF circuits based on guided waves.
Author(s): TOKYO TECH OCW

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The Future For Finance
The financial crisis of 2008 has been widely blamed on poor regulation of financial institutions and the bonus driven casino culture. So what measures are the new coalition Government taking to ensure a crisis on this scale doesn’t happen again? Martin Upton of The Open University Business School’s Centre for Accounting The iTunes U team. The iTunes U Team at Th
Author(s): The iTunes U team

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Making the DIY Clinometer
Link to Youtube video showing how to make a do-it-yourself clinometer
Author(s): Leeds Metropolitan University

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3.1 Interconnectedness

In making sense of the stretch from the here-and-now to the wider context, social science has often seized on distinct levels: the micro – dealing with things that happen in organisations, for instance – and the macro or national level. Explanations are often generated at either the micro or the macro level and critical connections between the two are ignored (Flyvbjerg, 2001, p. 138). Arguably, increased talk about globalisation provides a convenient label for things that g
Author(s): The Open University

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KQED's John Boland & NPR's Jarl Mohn in Conversation with Museum CEO John Hollar
[Recorded April 15, 2015] In 2015 the Museum will produce a new track within our Revolutionaries series, "Re/New: The Future of News." Technology is changing everything about the news and journalism industries—from gathering to processing to disseminating, and audience behavior and participation as well. This track will feature a series of conversations with news leaders and innovators about that changing landscape. "Re/New: The Future of News" will kick off with a conversation with KQED Pres
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1.1 Living in a fluctuating environment

The great majority of organisms live in environments that fluctuate extensively and cyclically. For example, an animal such as a limpet living on a sea-shore experiences a 12-hour cycle in which it is alternately exposed, first to the air, the wind and the heat of the Sun, then to pounding by the sea. Life in the natural world exposes organisms to a diversity of environmental cycles, acting on a variety of time-scales. The most obvious cycles are night and day, with a period of 24 hours, and
Author(s): The Open University

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Otis Visiting Artist Edgar Arceneaux
Otis College of Art and Design Fine Arts Department hosts the Visiting Artist Lecture Series each semester, facilitated by Fine Arts Photography Director and Faculty Soo Kim. Guest artist October 9, 2012: Edgar Arceneaux Edgar Arceneaux lives and works in Los Angeles. He has had solo exhibitions at Maccarone Gallery, New York, Museum für Gegenwartskunst, Switzerland; Praz-Delavallade, France; The Museum of Contemporary Art Detroit, Michigan; Susanne Vielmetter Los Angeles Projects; The Studi
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The Ocean Waves of Hawaii
So often students are asked study information about oceans, read about oceans, and understand oceans.  Yet, what if they have never taken a trip to actually SEE the ocean?  This video will allow you to take a beach break with the relaxing sounds of these ocean waves. No narration, simply the sounds of nature. (08:11)
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6.2 Who should get to vote on secession?

The Bs (encompassing the Cs) or all the As too? After all, democracy is often said to be about people who are affected by an issue having a say on it; and As will certainly be affected if Bs secede. This is a live issue with regard to Northern Ireland's future, for example. If a referendum were to decide if the province should join the Irish Republic, should the voters include all UK voters and all Irish voters, or just those living in the province? If, for example, there were to be a vote on
Author(s): The Open University

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Original Copyright © 2005 The Open University. Now made available within the Creative Commons framework under the CC Attribution – Non-commercial licence (see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by

Science Bulletins: MRSA—When Good Bacteria Go Bad
The bacteria Staphylococcus aureus is a benign resident of the human microbiome. But in the last 15 years, a strain of it has evolved to become a major public health problem. To understand how everyday microbes can change so dramatically, laboratories are investigating how bacterial communities exchange genetic information in the environments we share. Science Bulletins is a production of the National Center for Science Literacy, Education, and Technology (NCSLET), part of the Department of Edu
Author(s): American Museum of Natural History

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Sustaining enterprise education
This presentation examines the impact of enterprise education on the career aspiration, decisions and intentions of HE students
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18.2.3 Complexity

If an innovation is perceived as difficult to use it will diffuse more slowly than one that is easy to understand. For example users of early personal computers needed an understanding of a programming language in order to use their machines. For most potential PC users this made the innovation too complex to consider buying. Then a graphical user interface was developed and incorporated by Apple Computer into the Lisa computer in 1983 (Author(s): The Open University

Environment: Lake Baikal
Should natural resources be exploited to support economic development? In Siberia, Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world and contains one fifth of the world’s freshwater. It has developed over 25 million years to be a truly unique eco-system - yet this lake is now an environment at serious risk. This album focuses on the growing environmental threats to the region, which was named a World Heritage Site in 1996. Industry and new businesses flocked to the once-isolated region, inducing ma
Author(s): The iTunes U team

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Lesson 04 - One Minute Romanian
In lesson 4 of One Minute Romanian you will learn how to say you don't understand something. Remember - even a few phrases of a language can help you make friends and enjoy travel more. Find out more about One Minute Romanian at our website - http://www.oneminutelanguages.com. One Minute Romanian is brought to you by the Radio Lingua Network and is ©Copyright 2008.Author(s): No creator set

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Earth Hour : Doe mee
1.jpg

Earth Hour roept individuen, steden en organisaties op om deel te nemen aan hun bewustzijnsactie op zaterdag 28 maart 2015.

Ga die dag en de dagen daarna bewust om met energie, word klimaatbewust en strijd mee tegen de klimaatverandering.


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