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Acknowledgements

Course image: Jörg Reuter in Flickr made available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this course:

The content acknowled
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Analysis and the descriptive approach
The rise of consciousness concerning the quality of working and living conditions has been a permanent though frequently underplayed theme in architecture and building since the reconstruction period. It has led to an explosive growth of programmatic requirements on building behaviour and performance, thus also stimulating the development of design analysis. The first stage of development was characterized by the evolution of prescriptive systems. These reversed the structure of pre-existing pro
Author(s): Alexander Koutamanis

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Towards Changeability
Many buildings around the world have undergone successive changes over their life cycles. Regardless of the type or size of a building there are usually requirements for change due to several unanticipated forces and emerging uncertainties that act upon them. These changes might be in the building?s spatial, structural or service systems. This can be due to changes in the needs of occupants, the market demand or technological advances. Although buildings undergo change, current design practice d
Author(s): Allahaim, Fahad; Anas Alfaris and David Leifer

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AmbiViewer: A Tool for Creating Architectural Mixed Reality
This paper presents a new mixed reality system for architecture, AmbiViewer. The system employs digital video, onboard modeler and global positioning to merge physical and simulated entities on the screen. The system can be used to model projects on-site, and in view of the project environs. The paper also discusses the use of AmbiViewer in creating cybrids, compositions of virtual and material reality. The paper concludes with a description of a small project undertaken with AmbiViewer and
Author(s): Anders, Peter and Lonsing, Werner

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Ultimate Success Vocabulary: Lesson 5
Increase and improve vocabulary with this clip. 
Vocabulary words are defined.  Each slide shows the word, definition and and an example of the word used in a sentence.  A narrator reads the word, definition, and sentence. 

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Filmic Development of Architectural Animations
This paper proposes a general method to make animated presentations of architectural designs, based on cinematographic techniques. Particularly, it reviews theoretical documenttion about filmmaking as well as several productions that exhibit remarkable locations. The proposed method first comprises of a planning stage, with the narrative and graphic formulation of the presentation. Next is an elaboration or adjustment stage for the digital modelling of the design, and finally, there is an animat
Author(s): Alvarado, Rodrigo Garcia; Castillo, Gino Alvarez;

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Envisioning Cyberspace: The Design of On-Line Communities
The development of the World Wide Web into an active, visual social environment poses unique opportunities for the design professions. Multi-user Domains, social meeting places in cyberspace, are mostly text-based virtual realities which use spatial references to set the stage for social interaction. Over the past year design students at the New Jersey Institute of Technology School of Architecture have investigated several text-based domains. In the course of their work, they envisioned and gra
Author(s): Anders, Peter

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Cybrids: Integrating Cognitive and Physical Space in Architecture
People regularly use non-physical, cognitive spaces to navigate and think. These spaces are important to architects in the design and planning of physical buildings. Cognitive spaces inform design - often underlying principles of architectural composition. They include zones of privacy, territory and the space of memory and visual thought. They let us to map our environment, model or plan projects, even imagine places like Heaven or Hell. Cyberspace is an electronic extension of this cognitive
Author(s): Anders, Peter

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Cash Banned, Freedom Gone

Some politicians want to ban cash, arguing that cash is helping criminals. The first steps in that direction are the withdrawal of big denomination notes and the limits imposed on cash payments.

Proponents of a ban on cash claim that this will help fight criminal transactions — involved in money laundering, terrorism, and tax evasion. These promises of salvation are used to get the general public to agree to a society without cash. But there is no convincing proof for the claim th
Author(s): Thorsten Polleit

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Pollination for Kids | Flower Learning Video
Get ready to learn about pollination in this learning video for kids. See the process of how a flower multiplies and makes other flowers! Pollination is fascinating to learn, not just because we get to talk about flowers but also because we get to learn about pollinators! Pollinators help flowers make more flowers through pollination! You will also learn about pollen (obviously) and plant parts! (08:17)

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Image and Shape: Two Distinct Approaches
This paper is the result of two researches done at the district of Campeche, Florian?polis, by the Grupo PET/ARQ/UFSC/CAPES. Different aspects and conceptual approaches were used to study the spatial attributes of this district located in the Southern part of Santa Catarina Island. The readings and analysis of two researches were based on graphic pistures builded with the use of Corel 7.0 e AutoCadR14. The first research ? "Urban Development in the Island of Santa Catarina: Public Space Study"-
Author(s): Angelo, C.V., Bueno, A.P., Ludvig, C., Reis, A.F.

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15.225 Economy and Business in Modern China and India (MIT)
As markets or production bases, China and India are becoming important and integral players in the global economy. Foreign direct investment (FDI), portfolio investments and outsourcing businesses have increased dramatically in these two economies. Despite the rising importance of these two economies on the world stage, our knowledge and analysis of these two countries in an integrated manner has remained poor. The two are often lumped together by business analysts as "emerging markets," despite
Author(s): Huang, Yasheng

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Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative C

Introduction to macroeconomics
This is a module framework. It can be viewed online or downloaded as a zip file. As taught in Spring Semester 2010. This module provides an introduction to modern macroeconomic analysis. Macroeconomics is concerned with some of the most pressing and fundamental questions economists can ask, such as: What determines economic growth? Why do economies exhibit expansions ('booms') and contractions ('busts') in output? What drives employment and wages, saving and investment? What causes inflation
Author(s): Gathergood John Dr

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Except for third party materials (materials owned by someone other than The University of Nottingham) and where otherwise indicated, the copyright in the content provided in this resource is owned by

References

Advisory Centre for Education (ACE) (2004) ‘Laws to protect children with SEN “in conflict”’, Bulletin no. 121, October, p. 4.
Armstrong, D. (2003) Experiences of Special Education: re-evaluating policy and practice through life stories, London, RoutledgeFalmer.
Aspis, S. (2004) ‘Why exams and tests do not help disabled and non-disabled children learn in the s
Author(s): The Open University

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Unveiling of Kyle Field Statues
A new larger-than-life 12th Man statue and four other statues depicting representative members of the Texas A&M student body were formally unveiled outside Kyle Field.
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1.1 A simple introduction

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) is a ‘catch all’ phrase used to describe a variety of diseases of the heart and blood circulatory system. The main types of CVD are listed in Author(s): The Open University

Future Royals
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3.5 Velocity-time and speed-time graphs

Just as we may plot the position-time graph or the displacement-time graph of a particular motion, so we may plot a velocity-time graph for that motion. By convention, velocity is plotted on the vertical axis (since velocity is the dependent variable) and time (the independent variable) is plotted on the horizontal axis. In the special case of uniform motion, the velocity-time graph takes a particularly simple form - it is just a horizontal line, i.e. the gradient is zero. Examples are
Author(s): The Open University

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RIAlity
The package was written in 1996. Radio immuno assay (RIA) is a technique for measuring concentrations of antigens. Although better techniques have subsequently been developed from it, understanding RIA forms the basis for understanding these derivatives. RIA belongs to the family of competition assays which are widely used in science, medicine and related industries to measure the concentrations of biologically active molecules. This package introduces the concepts of RIA and will be useful t
Author(s): Luck Martin Dr

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Space Syntax and the New Transportation System in the Santa Catarina Island
The paper reports an on-going research that aims at describing and analysing some of the syntactic characteristics of the urban space of Santa Catarina Island, in an attempt to evaluate its performance, more specifically its social and spatial integration and segregation. The research has been conducted with the aid of the Aximagic software, still in exam stage and not yet released to the public, a tool being developed by a group of researches of the Rio Grande do Sul Federal University and giv
Author(s): Angelo,C.V., Bins Ely, V.H.M., Bueno,A.P., Ludvig

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