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10.6 What drives invention in organisations?

Much invention and nearly all innovation nowadays take place inside organisations – from small start-up companies to well-established multinationals. This is mainly because increasingly invention and innovation require access to technology and resources beyond the scope of most individuals. But it is also because competitiveness and survival depend on the continual improvement of a company's products and processes. This provides a strong incentive for companies to invest in both the increme
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A Public Affair: Interview with Allen Ruff on Professor Wolff's new book Occupy The Economy
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Activity 4

Methods of participation

0 hours 45 minutes

We have considered the values and skills needed to undertake participation work. We will now consider some of the methods that can be used to facilitate chi
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5.4 Inclusion and exclusion

Contemporary Europe is, like that of earlier times, divided on several counts and reflects the continuing existence of several major identities. Individuals and groups invariably have several, overlapping or nested, identities at the same time. But there is also a hierarchy of different identities, with some groups having preferential access to particular European values and resources and others being partly or wholly excluded from them. Contemporary patterns of inclusion and exclusion
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1.2 Extracellular signals can act locally or at a distance

First we shall consider the general types of intercellular signalling mechanism within multicellular organisms (Figure 3). Broadly speaking, cells may interact with each other directly, requiring cell–cell contact, or indirectly, via molecules secreted by one cell, which are then carried away to target cells.


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References

Bailey, R.W. (1982) Human Performance Engineering:A guide for systems designers, New Jersey, Prentice Hall.
Blackler, A., Popovic, V. and Mahar, D. (2003) ‘Intuitive use of products’, Design Studies.
Jordan, P. (2000) Designing Pleasurable Products, London, Taylor and Francis.
Norman, D. A. (1998) The Design
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Structural Integrity: designing against failure
The Kinzua rail viaduct, in Pennsylvania, collapsed when it was hit by a tornado in 2003. First built in 1882 and redesigned 1900, it was at one time the highest bridge in the world. The two video tracks in this album tell the story of the Kinzua catastrophe. The subsequent forensic investigation has cast new light on the failure of Tay rail bridge in Scotland 125 years earlier; with 75 people killed, the worst ever disaster to befall a trestle bridge. This material forms part of the course T3
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2.7 Fluorine (F)

Fluoride ions (F) are rare in foods, though some are found in tea and in seafood. However, fluoride does occur naturally in some water supplies, derived from the rocks through which the water flows. Its only role in the body appears to be to help to protect teeth from decay.

The stages of tooth decay are as follows:

  • bacteria live in saliva on teeth (form plaque)

  • produce lactic acid → dissolves calcium salts in tooth
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1 Myths and misconceptions

Physical education provides opportunities for pupils to be creative, competitive and to face up to different challenges as individuals, and in groups and teams. It promotes positive attitudes towards active and healthy lifestyles.

(Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (2004) www.nc.uk.net/esd/teaching/pe/index.htm)

What does this mean for PE teachers? How can PE teachers effectively help to
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References

Bindon, J. R. and Baker, P. T. (1997) Bergmann's rule and the thrifty genotype. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 104, 201–210.
Blundell, J. E., Stubbs, R. J., Hughes, D. A., Whybrow, S. and King, N. A. (2003) Cross talk between physical activity and appetite control: does physical activity stimulate appetite? Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 62, 651–661.
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5.5.2 Reaching a final decision

Having seen all the candidates, you can now start to pull together your notes and impressions and make a final decision. It is probably worth allowing a little time to gather your thoughts and/or discuss initial observations with colleagues or the interview panel after every interview so that your memory is not confused. The person specification should again play a major role in your final decision. Your questions should have been geared to elicit the necessary information from each applicant
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Conservation of Energy Problem with Friction, an Incline and a Spring by Billy
Billy helps you review Conservation of Mechanical Energy, springs, inclines, and uniformly accelerated motion all in one example problem. Want Lecture Notes? This is an AP Physics 1 topic.

Content Times:
0:10 The problem
0:38 Listing the known values
1:40 Using Conservation of Mechanical Energy
2:56 Canceling out the Mechanical Energies which are not there
4:18 Drawing the Free Body D

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Chemical and Environmental Behaviour of Materials: Kinetics of Aqueous Corrosion
This set of animations demonstrates what is meant by aqueous corrosion and the use of the Tafel plot in its understanding. From TLP: Kinetics of Aqueous Corrosion
Author(s): DoITPoMS, University of Cambridge,Noel Rutter, Uni

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1 Current imaging techniques

A grainy Polaroid of the child in a mother's womb – an X-ray of a tibia fractured in a traffic accident – a report on a brain scan anxiously awaited. Very few of us have not had some connection with the techniques and practices of medical imaging. Often, these contacts are in periods of personal drama in which the medical images chart our physical status, the management of a condition and, in some cases, our future.

Imaging is a central feature of contemporary medicine. Along with c
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Virtual Maths, Brick Density, Water Displacement method video
Video demonstrating how to measure the density of a brick using the water displacement method.
Author(s): Leeds Metropolitan University

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6.1 Introduction

The process of keeping up-to-date in your chosen subject area is useful for your studies and afterwards, for your own personal satisfaction, or perhaps in your career as part of your continuing professional development.

There are a great many tools available that make it quite easy to keep yourself up to date. You can set them up so that the information comes to you, rather than you having to go out on the web looking for it. Over the next few pages, you will be experimenting with some
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2.2.1 Model 1: African + Roman = Roman dominance and end of African traits (assimilation)

This model proposes that following the Roman conquest Roman culture is introduced and dominates the previous African culture, which gradually dies out. In other words, the culture of the people of Africa was assimilated to Roman culture. In this model an African would in effect become a Roman and be so similar to a Roman that we might as well dispense with the term African and call everyone Roman. In this scenario we might imagine the importation of Roman political systems, religion, building
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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • explain how and why the optical spectrum of an active or starburst galaxy differs from that of a normal galaxy

  • explain how and why the broadband spectrum of an active or starburst galaxy differs from that of a normal galaxy

  • describe briefly the observed features of starburst galaxies and the four main classes of active galaxies (quasars, radio galaxies, Seyfert galaxies and blazars)

  • u
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3.4 The development of the European Convention on Human Rights

The aftermath of the Second World War was a time of great activity in the realms of human rights throughout the world, and the United Nations Charter itself, signed on 26 June 1945, included an obligation on states to respect fundamental human rights and freedoms. The development of an International Bill of Rights was significantly influenced by the commencement of the Cold War. However, that did not prevent the signing of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of
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Acknowledgements

The content acknowledged below is Proprietary (see terms and conditions) and is used under licence.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this unit:

Unit Image

Chase Crowson flickr.com (18 October 2007)

All other materials included in this unit are derived from content originated at the Open University.


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