Pages 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 11962 result(s) returned

Comparison of Designers? Modeling Approaches During Architectural Design Process
This study has been started as a part of a research, related to exploring impact of novel interfaces during collaborative architectural design process on designers? way of thinking. However, in this paper it is intended to focus on how the input devices reflect on designers? modeling behavior in computer environment. Therefore it is intended to compare designer?s modeling approaches in computer environment via a case study. Four master students in architectural design computing graduate program
Author(s): Ala?am Aslan, Sema; ?agdas, G?len

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The Impact of 3D Digital Modeling on the 3D Design Aspects in Urban Design Plans
Some experts suggest that urban design plans in US cities may lack adequate coverage of the three-dimensional design aspects of the built environment. 3D digital models may help designers visualize and interact with design alternatives, large urban data sets, and 3D information more effectively, thus correcting this problem. Case studies of recent urban design plans that have used 3D digital models may indicate whether these technologies can increase the quality of the plan. This research discus
Author(s): Al-Douri, Firas A., Clayton, Mark J. and Abrams, R

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Virtual Reality: an approach for building Makkah?s architectural identity
This paper explores a new approach in the architectural design process aiming to construct Makkah's architectural identity. Makkah, which is a city of unique sacred values, has been losing its battle to preserve it heritage buildings. Traditional districts with their heritage buildings have been cleared in order to construct skyscrapers to accommodate the increasing number of pilgrims. While some argue for preserving heritage buildings others insist in building more skyscrapers. Within these con
Author(s): Al-Barqawi, Wadia

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Problem Structuring in Architectural Design
The purpose of this research is to describe in operational terms the process of problem structuring while solving spatial problems in architectural design. The designer's behavior is described in terms of problem structuring, when problem parameters are established or transformed, and in terms of problem solving when these parameters are satisfied in a design solution. As opposed to problem solving, the structuring of problems is an under-studied but crucial aspect of complex tasks such as desig
Author(s): Akin, O., Dave, B. and Pithavadian, S.

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DesignScript: Scalable Tools for Design Computation
Design computation based on data flow graph diagramming is a well-established technique. The intention of DesignScript is to recognise this type of data flow modeling as a form of ?associative? programming and to combine this with the more conventional ?imperative? form of programming into a single unified computational design application. The use of this application is intended to range from very simple graph based exploratory ?proto-programming? as used by novice end-user programmers to multi-
Author(s): Aish, Robert

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Tools of Expression: Notation and Interaction for Design Computation
Design considers function, fabrication, and aesthetics collectively. Computation is beginning to affect the competitive dynamics of design. Using algorithms, designers are exploring forms that are essentially ?undrawable,? even with advanced modeling and direct manipulation techniques. Determining the appropriate functional characteristics may require the application of increasingly complex structural- and environmental-performance analysis techniques. To realize physically a design may require
Author(s): Aish, Robert

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Design Generation of the Central Asian Caravanserai
Challenges for the study of Islamic architecture include its abundance and diversity in expression and its classification based on distinct functional or stylistic types. We address these issues by presenting shape grammars as a methodology for the analysis and design generation of Islamic architecture, with a specific example in the form of a parametric shape grammar for central Asian caravanserais. The grammar is developed by identifying distinct design types. Shape rules are created based on
Author(s): Ahmad, Sumbul and Scott C. Chase

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ARMY WAR GAME SIMULATION (AWAS) system - Utilising architectural knowledge in virtual environments
This research briefly examines the importance of collaborative design in developing a multi-user, multi-tiered, networked and real-time information base system. Aspects such as navigation, interaction, communication, movements (objects or virtual camera), control, level of details, spatial design and virtual spaces will be explained to show their importance in the development of virtual world. This paper will further explore the aspects of collaborative design in the context of Army War Game Sim
Author(s): Ahmad Rafi, M.E. and Mohd Fazidin, J.

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Categorization of building product models in BIM Content Library portals
BIM Content Libraries are performing as online sources for building product models. In order to effectively use the product models, it is important to organize them systematically within these databases. But currently there is no standard or guideline for this purpose. Products in these libraries are being categorized based on different criteria such as the object classes in the target platform, by referring to multiple classification systems or based on customized categories. This paper studies
Author(s): Afsari, Kereshmeh; Chuck Eastman

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Implementation of IT and CAD - what can Architect schools do?
In Sweden representatives from the Construction industry have put forward a research and development program called: "IT-Bygg 2002 -Implementation". It aims at making IT the vehicle for decreasing the building costs and at the same time getting better quality and efficiency out of the industry. A seminar was held with some of the most experienced researchers, developers and practitioners of CAD in construction in Sweden. The activities were recorded and annotated, analysed and put together after
Author(s): Af Klercker, Jonas

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Assessment of the Impact of Digital-Manual Media Types on the Basic Design Capabilities of Architect
The research attempts to defi ne and classify the design capabilities of architects into a basic framework. This defi nition will be useful in understanding and determining the types and nature of impact introduced by digital and manual media used during architecturaldesign process. The research consists of three parts. The First part reviews the main stages, tasks and activities of the architectural design process. The second part builds the proposed framework of design capabilities relating th
Author(s): Abdelhameed, W., Ozel, F., Addelatiff, M. and Daef

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EFFECTIVENESS OF MODELS
Architects use many types of models to simulate space either in their design process or as final specifications for building them. These models have been proved useful or effective for specific purposes. This paper evaluates architectural models in terms of five effectiveness components: time of development, cost, complexity, variables simulated and ecological validity. This series of models, used regularly in architecture, are analysed to finally produce a matrix that shows the effectiveness of
Author(s): Abadi Abbo, Isaac

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ABC Song | Alphabet Song | Phonics Song for Kids
This ABC Song and Alphabet Song video is a phonics song for kids. Learn ABC's with this English Alphabet ABCD Song featuring a dump truck and other fun ways to learn the alphabet, ABCs, phonics, and letter sounds for kids. The alphabet song is a classic kids song with "abc alphabet song" children's music in this animated abc video for children, babies, or toddlers in preschool, kindergarten, or homeschool. Parents, if your kids like dump trucks, monster trucks, fireworks, and balloons - then you
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HISTORY: Weirdness of History - Simon Schama
‘When you’re asked a question, answer it with a moment’. How to structure an essay and think who you’re writing for. Killer punchline. (02:55)

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Test
Test
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2.2 Features of diagrams

As there is variety in the types of diagrams we can see and use we need to think more broadly about what diagrams are trying to represent. One distinction which follows on from the discussion above is:

  • Analogue representations: these diagrams look similar to the object or objects they portray. At their simplest they are photographs of real objects and at their most complicated they are colourful, fully labelled drawings of the inner workings o
    Author(s): The Open University

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    Copyright © 2016 The Open University

Pick of our week: July 3rd 2015
This week: Windmills lose their shine in The Netherlands, China's über-rich get humble and a famous cat utters its last meow.
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Babbage: Atomic vision
Hackers threaten the "internet of things", and scientists use atomic microscopes to observe and control chemical reactions in real time
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First day of fall 2016 dates

Video link (see supported sites below). Please use the original link, not the shortcut, e.g. www.youtube.com/watch?v=abcde

Author(s): adarshgm2

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2.3.8 Sphere

Surfaces can be constructed in a similar way from plane figures other than polygons. For example, starting with a disc, we can fold the left-hand half over onto the right-hand half, and identify the edges labelled a, as shown in Figure 36; this is rather like zipping up a purse, or ‘crimping’ a Cornish pastie. We can then s
Author(s): The Open University

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