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O projeto enquanto jogo: colabora??o digital livre? [Design as a game: free digital collaboration?]
The paper will present one specific aspect of the PhD research called Cibersemi?tica e Processos de Projeto: Metodologia em Revis?o, funded by FAPESP, which in turn is linked to the Nomads.usp research group of the University of S?o Paulo. The paper discusses aspects of digital design processes within an approach on social collaboration with digital mediation, from concepts based on Actor Network Theory, developed by the French Philosopher Bruno Latour, Swarm Behaviour, which is observed in natu
Author(s): Alves, Gilfranco Medeiros; Anja Pratschke

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T?cnicas Cinematogr?ficas para las Animaciones Arquitect?nicas (Film-making techniques for Architect
The paper presents film techniques for the expressive development of architectural animations, based on a graphic analysis of productions related to architecture (famous movies, documentaries of buildings and contemporary animations). This study is revealing some cinematographic concepts such as the dynamic composition of image, diversity of camera's positions, control of movements and rhythmic montage of shots that support a meaningful presentation of buildings. Also it suggests the geometric p
Author(s): Alvarado, Rodrigo Garc?a, Castillo, Gino Alvarez

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Visualizacion simult?nea de transformaciones urbanas [Simultaneous Visualization of Urban Transforma
This paper proposes a novel strategy for modeling three-dimensional sections of the city and create visual presentations, especially in places that have had transformations architectural projects. Through a simultaneous display method in parallel by 3D screens to expose temporal sequences, and verify residents? understanding of these environments and their spatial changes.
Author(s): Alvarado, Rodrigo Garcia; Enzo Beretta, Danitza Pe

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Development of Digital City Models Using 3d GIS
?Digital city? is a copy of an actual city in the virtual space. It is expected to play an important role in urban planning, disaster simulation etc. Recent advanced remote sensing technologies, which are capable to quickly provide detailed information of city areas, ease the construction of 3D city models. Urbanization has evinced interest from a wide section of the society including experts, amateurs and novices. With the development and infrastructure initiatives mostly around the urban cente
Author(s): Albotany, Hussein S.

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Science teaching with technology (ECIT)
There is an evident need to improve the teaching of sciences. Therefore the ECIT Web page has been designed to assist the teaching of physics, chemistry and biology to secondary students. Considering technology as a mean and not as an end for teaching, the ?ECIT Model? was developed following pedagogic as well as design criteria. Its? implementation requires a specific classroom outline, the use of certain technological tools and an efficient interface, to achieve a working environment (not only
Author(s): Albornoz Delgado, Humberto ?ngel; Leticia Gallegos

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The Many Functions of Hand Gestures While Communicating Spatial Ideas - An Empirical Case Study
Physical dimensions of the designing activity these representations will probably exist Architects substantially develop their ideas in space through a visual apprehension of spatial relations. We aim to explore how hand gestures play role in presenting geometric features, spatial relations and ideas through a qualitative evaluation of an empirical case study. (100 words)
Author(s): Ala?am, Sema

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Comparison of Designers? Modeling Approaches During Architectural Design Process
This study has been started as a part of a research, related to exploring impact of novel interfaces during collaborative architectural design process on designers? way of thinking. However, in this paper it is intended to focus on how the input devices reflect on designers? modeling behavior in computer environment. Therefore it is intended to compare designer?s modeling approaches in computer environment via a case study. Four master students in architectural design computing graduate program
Author(s): Ala?am Aslan, Sema; ?agdas, G?len

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The Impact of 3D Digital Modeling on the 3D Design Aspects in Urban Design Plans
Some experts suggest that urban design plans in US cities may lack adequate coverage of the three-dimensional design aspects of the built environment. 3D digital models may help designers visualize and interact with design alternatives, large urban data sets, and 3D information more effectively, thus correcting this problem. Case studies of recent urban design plans that have used 3D digital models may indicate whether these technologies can increase the quality of the plan. This research discus
Author(s): Al-Douri, Firas A., Clayton, Mark J. and Abrams, R

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Virtual Reality: an approach for building Makkah?s architectural identity
This paper explores a new approach in the architectural design process aiming to construct Makkah's architectural identity. Makkah, which is a city of unique sacred values, has been losing its battle to preserve it heritage buildings. Traditional districts with their heritage buildings have been cleared in order to construct skyscrapers to accommodate the increasing number of pilgrims. While some argue for preserving heritage buildings others insist in building more skyscrapers. Within these con
Author(s): Al-Barqawi, Wadia

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Problem Structuring in Architectural Design
The purpose of this research is to describe in operational terms the process of problem structuring while solving spatial problems in architectural design. The designer's behavior is described in terms of problem structuring, when problem parameters are established or transformed, and in terms of problem solving when these parameters are satisfied in a design solution. As opposed to problem solving, the structuring of problems is an under-studied but crucial aspect of complex tasks such as desig
Author(s): Akin, O., Dave, B. and Pithavadian, S.

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DesignScript: Scalable Tools for Design Computation
Design computation based on data flow graph diagramming is a well-established technique. The intention of DesignScript is to recognise this type of data flow modeling as a form of ?associative? programming and to combine this with the more conventional ?imperative? form of programming into a single unified computational design application. The use of this application is intended to range from very simple graph based exploratory ?proto-programming? as used by novice end-user programmers to multi-
Author(s): Aish, Robert

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Tools of Expression: Notation and Interaction for Design Computation
Design considers function, fabrication, and aesthetics collectively. Computation is beginning to affect the competitive dynamics of design. Using algorithms, designers are exploring forms that are essentially ?undrawable,? even with advanced modeling and direct manipulation techniques. Determining the appropriate functional characteristics may require the application of increasingly complex structural- and environmental-performance analysis techniques. To realize physically a design may require
Author(s): Aish, Robert

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Design Generation of the Central Asian Caravanserai
Challenges for the study of Islamic architecture include its abundance and diversity in expression and its classification based on distinct functional or stylistic types. We address these issues by presenting shape grammars as a methodology for the analysis and design generation of Islamic architecture, with a specific example in the form of a parametric shape grammar for central Asian caravanserais. The grammar is developed by identifying distinct design types. Shape rules are created based on
Author(s): Ahmad, Sumbul and Scott C. Chase

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ARMY WAR GAME SIMULATION (AWAS) system - Utilising architectural knowledge in virtual environments
This research briefly examines the importance of collaborative design in developing a multi-user, multi-tiered, networked and real-time information base system. Aspects such as navigation, interaction, communication, movements (objects or virtual camera), control, level of details, spatial design and virtual spaces will be explained to show their importance in the development of virtual world. This paper will further explore the aspects of collaborative design in the context of Army War Game Sim
Author(s): Ahmad Rafi, M.E. and Mohd Fazidin, J.

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Categorization of building product models in BIM Content Library portals
BIM Content Libraries are performing as online sources for building product models. In order to effectively use the product models, it is important to organize them systematically within these databases. But currently there is no standard or guideline for this purpose. Products in these libraries are being categorized based on different criteria such as the object classes in the target platform, by referring to multiple classification systems or based on customized categories. This paper studies
Author(s): Afsari, Kereshmeh; Chuck Eastman

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Implementation of IT and CAD - what can Architect schools do?
In Sweden representatives from the Construction industry have put forward a research and development program called: "IT-Bygg 2002 -Implementation". It aims at making IT the vehicle for decreasing the building costs and at the same time getting better quality and efficiency out of the industry. A seminar was held with some of the most experienced researchers, developers and practitioners of CAD in construction in Sweden. The activities were recorded and annotated, analysed and put together after
Author(s): Af Klercker, Jonas

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Assessment of the Impact of Digital-Manual Media Types on the Basic Design Capabilities of Architect
The research attempts to defi ne and classify the design capabilities of architects into a basic framework. This defi nition will be useful in understanding and determining the types and nature of impact introduced by digital and manual media used during architecturaldesign process. The research consists of three parts. The First part reviews the main stages, tasks and activities of the architectural design process. The second part builds the proposed framework of design capabilities relating th
Author(s): Abdelhameed, W., Ozel, F., Addelatiff, M. and Daef

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EFFECTIVENESS OF MODELS
Architects use many types of models to simulate space either in their design process or as final specifications for building them. These models have been proved useful or effective for specific purposes. This paper evaluates architectural models in terms of five effectiveness components: time of development, cost, complexity, variables simulated and ecological validity. This series of models, used regularly in architecture, are analysed to finally produce a matrix that shows the effectiveness of
Author(s): Abadi Abbo, Isaac

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ABC Song | Alphabet Song | Phonics Song for Kids
This ABC Song and Alphabet Song video is a phonics song for kids. Learn ABC's with this English Alphabet ABCD Song featuring a dump truck and other fun ways to learn the alphabet, ABCs, phonics, and letter sounds for kids. The alphabet song is a classic kids song with "abc alphabet song" children's music in this animated abc video for children, babies, or toddlers in preschool, kindergarten, or homeschool. Parents, if your kids like dump trucks, monster trucks, fireworks, and balloons - then you
Author(s): No creator set

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HISTORY: Weirdness of History - Simon Schama
‘When you’re asked a question, answer it with a moment’. How to structure an essay and think who you’re writing for. Killer punchline. (02:55)

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