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3.4 Binding precedent

Not everything in a court case sets a precedent. The contents of a case report can be divided into two categories:

  • 1. The reason for the decision – ratio decidendi

  • The ratio decidendi of a case is not the actual decision, like ‘guilty’ or ‘the defendant is liable to pay compensation’. The precedent is set by the rule of law used by the judge or judges in deciding the legal problem raised by the facts of the case
    Author(s): The Open University

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1.6.1 Thiamin (or thiamine, also known as vitamin B1 )

The deficiency disease beriberi has been known for thousands of years. The name literally means ‘I can't, I can't’ in Sinhalese (a major language in Sri Lanka), and reflects the crippling effect on its victims, who suffer from neurological symptoms, including pain, fatigue and paralysis, and cardiovascular disease. The disease was most common in southeast Asia, where white or ‘polished’ rice was a major part of the diet. The main source of thiamin is in the outer layers of the grain,
Author(s): The Open University

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2.4 The message passing idea

Figure 1 shows the central idea behind the message passing paradigm. It involves an architecture in which clients and servers communicate using communication lines. In this model, in contrast with the others that are to be presented in this course, the underlying structure of the network is visible via the communication media used to connect servers and clients and devices such as sockets, ports and server sockets which are involved in the transfer of a message from one computer to another.
Author(s): The Open University

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7.3 Using flowcharts to describe a task

Application programs are designed to perform specific tasks. These tasks range from the relatively simple to the extremely complex. In this section you will look at what is involved in planning a program to perform some simple tasks.

In order to write a program, the task the program will perform has to be first written as a list of actions. The actions have to be given in an order that will ensure the task is carried out successfully.

Author(s): The Open University

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A discussion of housing issues
Professor Chris Hamnett discusses his study of housing issues and its relevance to social scientists.
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Entrainment
Open University ethnomusicologist Martin Clayton describes how his study of music and its performance in different cultural settings has allowed him to develop his understanding of the concept of entrainment. His research into this phenomenon is providing key insights into the synchronisation of rhythmic processes in humans and in the natural world.
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22.611J Introduction to Plasma Physics I (MIT)
The plasma state dominates the visible universe, and is important in fields as diverse as Astrophysics and Controlled Fusion. Plasma is often referred to as "the fourth state of matter." This course introduces the study of the nature and behavior of plasma. A variety of models to describe plasma behavior are presented.
Author(s): Parker, Ron

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Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative C

Fouille de données
Ce cours adopte une approche pragmatique et pratique, tout en essayant de donner le matériel nécessaire pour comprendre ce que l'on fait : le but n'est pas d'appliquer aveuglément des algorithmes, mais de connaître des algorithmes et de savoir quand et comment les appliquer, d'être capable de les utiliser et de juger les résultats qu'ils fournissent. En fouille de données, on ne peut pas se contenter d'appliquer aveuglément une méthode et de se contenter tout aussi aveuglément du résu
Author(s): Philippe Preux

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Document soumis à la licence GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)

Edital Concurso TJ-RJ 2014 Técnico Judiciário

Leia, baixe e compartilhe o edital do concurso público do Tribunal de Justiça do Rio de Janeiro de 2014 para Técnico Judiciário, Nível Médio

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Conclusion

This free course provided an introduction to studying geography. It took you through a series of exercises designed to develop your approach to study and learning at a distance and helped to improve your confidence as an independent learner.


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3.5 The principles underlying ethical practice

Box 3 describes four principles that are central to an understanding of acting ethically.

Box 3 The principles of acting ethically

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Literary Festival 2016: Disaster Capitalism: in conversation with Antony Loewenstein [Audio]
Speaker(s): Dr Brenna Bhandar, Dr Marsha Henry, Antony Loewenstein | Editor's note: We apologise for the poor audio quality of this podcast. LSE Law is delighted to host a conversation with Antony Loewenstein on his latest book, Disaster Capitalism: Making a Killing Out Of Catastrophe (Verso, 2015). Best-selling journalist Antony Loewenstein travelled across Afghanistan, Pakistan, Haiti, Papua New Guinea, the United States, Britain, Greece, and Australia to witness the reality of disaster capita
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6.2 Contesting ideologies

Much social science analysis has been devoted to exploring the variants and consequences of this simple view of ideology, including capitalist ideology, which legitimates the interests of owners of capital against the working class; patriarchal ideology, which legitimates the interests of men against women; and racist ideology, which legitimates the interests of dominant ethnic groups against others – most evidently in the ideology of apartheid in South Africa. However, this simple and func
Author(s): The Open University

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"Great Composers of Classical Music," Part 5
This video shows the photograph of the composer, the date of birth and death, and the Country they are from. Each composer's most famous piece of music is playing as these facts are on the screen. Some of the composers include  Mussorgsky, Dvorak, Tchaikovsky, and Mussorgsky. (9:50)
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1.1 The Sun at visible wavelengths

The Sun is seen as a blindingly bright, yellow object in the sky. The part of the Sun that you normally see is called the photosphere (meaning 'sphere of light'); this is best thought of as the 'surface' of the Sun, although it is very different from the surface of a planet such as Earth. Its diameter is about 1.4 million kilometres, making the Sun's volume roughly one million times that of the Earth. The photosphere is not solid. Rather, it is a thin layer of hot gaseous material, abo
Author(s): The Open University

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Honour crime and the legal system
Prof Shirin Rai talks about a joint study into how honour crimes are dealt with by the legal systems in India and Pakistan.
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2.4.1 Interdependence

The definition suggests that it is a simple matter to recognise the carer in a given situation. In some, perhaps most, care relationships this is true. However, the case of the Durrant family is complicated. Both Arthur and Lynne are included in categories often seen as needing the services of a carer – Lynne has a learning disability, Arthur's health is impaired by illness. But both have a claim to be seen as carers, too.

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1.3 Psychology has social impact

The relevance of psychology to everyday concerns, and the ease with which it can be popularised and used, mean that psychological knowledge – some of it dubious, some of it accurate – is continually absorbed into culture and often incorporated into the very language we use. Examples of psychological concepts that have entered popular discourse include the notion that we are predisposed, both through evolution and through the functioning of our brains and nervous systems, to behave in cert
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4.4 The marine carbon cycle

The ocean stores much more carbon than the terrestrial system (Figure 1.9). How is this marine carbon fixed into organic carbon within the sediments, and what are the main reasons for marine carbon fluxes? Author(s): The Open University

References

National Statistics Survey (2004) Individuals accessing the Internet – National Statistics Omnibus Survey [online] [Accessed 3 March 2005].
Northedge, A., Thomas, J., Lane, A. and Peasgood, A. (1997) The Sciences Good Study Guide, Open University, Milton Ke
Author(s): The Open University

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