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6.2 Communicating need

Daisy could tell the difference between Mia's cries quite soon after birth. Some babies may not communicate their various needs quite so clearly as Mia, and carers have to work hard to interpret them. Carers who can make time to watch, listen and ‘be there’ for the baby can try different things, asking others if they are not sure. Most babies will tell you if their needs are not being met – by the way they know best: crying!

Below are extracts from accounts of two babies, observed
Author(s): The Open University

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Copyright © 2016 The Open University

Time-lapse movie of a Föhn wave
Time lapsed photography of a Fohn Wave. A Fohn Wave is a cloud form created by atmospheric standing waves. These waves are created as stable air flows over a mountain range, and can either form above or in the lee of the range. As an air mass travels through the wave, it undergoes repeated uplift and descent. This video has no sound.  Run time 01:38.
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Tie One On 2015
Highlights from Tie One On 2015 - January 24, 2015
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2.5 Summary of Section 1

  • England, Scotland and Wales are nations.

  • Wales was conquered by the English in 1282 and its parliamentary union with England took place in 1536.

  • The United Kingdom of Great Britain was formed by the Act of Union of 1707, although the term Great Britain had been in use since 1603, when James VI of Scotland became James I of England (including Wales). Later unions created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
    Author(s): The Open University

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    Except for third party materials and/or otherwise stated (see terms and conditions) the content in OpenLearn is released for use under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share

What is wrong with knee replacement?
Modern knee replacement is a highly successful operation, relieving the pain and disability of knee osteoarthritis. However, it has limitations and these, combined with the changes in population demographics, present significant challenges for both current and future healthcare systems. Professor Richie Gill's inaugural lecture 'What is wrong with knee replacement?' explores these issues and the research being done to overcome them.Author(s): No creator set

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ICT-enhanced Teacher training for Lifelong Competence Development
In this paper we are giving an example of how Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) can enhance the process of Teacher training, and how this can be used for Lifelong Competence Development of teachers. We show how one particular methodology for teaching and training soft skills can be further enhanced by the use of ICT. We show how the use of Learning Design centred software platform for lifelong competence development can enhance the in-service training of teachers.
Author(s): Stefanov Krassen,Naskinova Irina,Nikolov Roumen

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Theories of Public Policy
This course examines competing theories, models, and analytical frameworks for understanding policymaking. Case study application is used to underscore lessons learned. Knowledge of the basic tools of lawmaking is sharpened. The course is taught as a seminar and students are expected to participate actively in class discussion.
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Literary Festival 2016: Utopia in the Twenty-first Century [Audio]
Speaker(s): Professor Ruth Levitas | Five hundred years ago Thomas More’s Utopia was published in Latin, thereby introducing the word Utopia into the English language. But what is its relevance today? There are elements of More’s text which still resonate, notably his critique of enclosures, which can be given a contemporary twist in relation to the social cleansing of central London. There are elements of his postulated alternative, such as the abolition of property, which have ongoing powe
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Shorenstein Center Workshop: Wikipedia
Wikimedia's Pete Forsyth and Frank Schulenburg February 9, 2010
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The First Decade of Informatics in Dutch High Schools
Informatics is currently being taught in high schools all over the world. In the Netherlands, where all students are expected to become computer literate in the lower grades of high school (Hulsen et al., 2005), it has been decided not to consider computer literacy as being part of Informatics. What, then, should be the content of the Informatics curriculum taught in the higher grades? What should be taught, how and to whom? How should students' achievements be assessed? The answers to these que
Author(s): Grgurina Natasa,Tolboom Jos

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Patchworking as a Metaphor for Learning – Understanding youth, learning and technology
On basis of a close empirical examination of a Danish team of 'Power Users' and their work on a self-chosen learning challenge this thesis argues how we can theoretically understand, analyse and methodologically approach learning processes through the metaphorical lens of ‘patchworking’. The metaphor of patchworking highlights how learning processes can be seen as processes of stitching and weaving together different ‘patches and pieces’ into something new. The patches and pieces may not
Author(s): Ryberg Thomas

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CONCEPTUAL KMS ARCHITECTURE WITHIN ENTERPRISE 2.0 AND CLOUD COMPUTING
Today, the adoption of Enterprise 2.0 is not an option, but a must for knowledge-based organizations within the changing social paradigms. The new-coming generation of employees and customers expect technological proficiency to be part of the customer-centered business models. On their turn, organizations need to apply new forms of cooperation with their employees, customers, suppliers and partners. The knowledge is recognized as crucial resource and its efficient management determines sustainab
Author(s): Antonova Albena,Nikolov Roumen

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Archaeology, Myth, and History: the Minoan and Mycenaean Worlds
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Capitalisation d’une ressource en or : le dictionnaire
The goal of this paper is to explore extensions to electronic dictionaries. Adding certain functions could considerably extend the range of tasks for which they could provide support. Putting the needed information at the distance of a mouse click would allow for active reading. This would require tight coupling of the dictionary with a text editor: all the information in the dictionary should be accessible via a mouseclick. Dictionaries combined with a flashcard system and an exercise generator
Author(s): Zock Michael

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“Cultures in negotiation”: teachers’ acceptance/resistance attitudes considering the infusion of
A teachers’ training project, employing teacher-mentored in-school training approach, has been recently initiated in Greek secondary education for the introduction of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) into the classroom. Data resulting from this project indicate that although teachers express considerable interest in learning how to use technology they need consistent support and extensive training in order to consider themselves able for integrating it into their instructional pra
Author(s): Demetriadis Stavros,Barbas Antonios,Molohides Anas

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Μελέτη των μεταγνωσιακών και συνεργατικών χαρακτηρισ
A learning environment for the Teaching of the Natural Sciences in the 6th grade of Primary school will be presented. The learning environment combines the use of new technologies with collaborative learning. It has been based on general learning principles derived from research on the fields of Psychology and Physics Education. The effects of the learning environment on the students’ cognitive, metacognitive and cooperative performance have been thoroughly studied through the use of various me
Author(s): Kollias Vassilis,Vlassa Marina,Mamalougos Nectario

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Using visualizations to teach problem-solving skills in mathematics: Which kind of visualization wor
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Author(s): Scheiter Katharina,Gerjets Peter,Catrambone Richar

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A methodological alternative to media comparison studies: Linking information utilization strategies
Literature reviews on hypermedia learning have yet failed to show consistent positive effects of learner-controlled nonlinear information access. We argue that a possible reason for this lack of evidence in favor of hypermedia learning results from the fact that not sufficient attention is paid to the strategies of information utilization learners deploy. The few studies that do analyze these strategies fail to link them to an instructional approach, which hampers a deeper interpretation of stra
Author(s): Scheiter Katharina,Gerjets Peter,Vollmann Brigitte

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The impact of example comparisons on schema acquisition: Do learners really need multiple examples?
Comparing multiple examples within problem categories is usually considered a necessary prerequisite for schema acquisition. However, there is an evident lack of conclusive empirical evidence supporting this claim. Moreover, there are findings indicating that carefully designed one-example conditions may allow for profitable processes of example comparison as well. In line with this reasoning, we present an experiment - that builds up on a series of studies conducted by Quilici and Mayer (1996)
Author(s): Scheiter Katharina,Gerjets Peter,Schuh Julia

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Cognitive tools for discovery learning
Cognitive tools, defined here as instruments that support or perform cognitive processes for learners in order to support learning, can bridge the difference between open learning environments, like discovery learning environments and traditional supportive instructional environments. This article discusses a definition of the concept of cognitive tool and its use in learning. Two examples of cognitive tools for discovery environments are presented, and it is made clear how these tools can serve
Author(s): Van Joolingen Wouter

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