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American Interventionists Hurt the Cause of Freedom in Venezuela

The United States has a long, violent history of intervention in Latin America, although few Americans know about it. Were one to ask the average American, for example, about the US occupation of the Dominican Republic — which lasted for eight years from 1916 to 1924 — one is likely to only receive a blank stare in return.

Even in the cases of those interventions which are more famous — such as the Spanish-American War or the Panama invasion of 1989 — details remains virtually
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1 Water as a global resource

We shall not finally defeat AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria or any of the other infectious diseases that plague the developing world until we have also won the battle for safe drinking-water, sanitation and basic health care.

(Kofi Annan, United Nations Secretary-General (2005) The International Decade for Action 2003–2015)

Freshwater is a natural resource that is vital for human survival and
Author(s): The Open University

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Absolute Beginner Questions Answered by Hiroko #2 - How often should I use WATASHI WA?
Learn Japanese with JapanesePod101.com! Asking questions is a big part of learning Japanese. Every day at JapanesePod101.com, we get so many great questions from you, the listeners. And in this video series, we’ll answer those questions! Join Hiroko and get some answers! In this lesson, you’ll learn How often should I use WATASHI WA? Visit us [...]
Author(s): JapanesePod101.com

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Journey to the Center of a Virus
This cartoon animation explains the four different parts of the virus (service proteins, capsid, DNA/RNA, and membrane envelope) using the analogy of a present. The video appears to be a high school project. 2:25 min.
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Comrade Corbyn: a very unlikely coup [Audio]
Speaker(s): Rosa Prince | Until recently, Jeremy Corbyn was barely known outside political circles, yet last summer he rode a wave of popular enthusiasm to win the Labour Party leadership by a landslide, with a greater mandate than any British political leader before him. So how did this very British iconoclast manage to snatch the leadership of a party he spent forty years rebelling against? Who is he and where did he come from? And what exactly happened over the space of an extraordinary summe
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17.202 Graduate Seminar in American Politics II (MIT)
This is the second in a sequence of two field seminars in American politics intended for graduate students in political science, in preparation for taking the general examination in American politics. The material covered in this semester focuses on American political institutions. The readings covered here are not comprehensive, but it is sufficiently broad to give students an introduction to major empirical questions and theoretical approaches that guide the study of American political institu
Author(s): Stewart III, Charles

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6.2 The supremacy of EU law

Whenever there is a conflict between the provisions of EU law and the provisions of the domestic (national) law of a member state, then EU law will prevail. This is a principle which was developed by the ECJ as the relationship between domestic and EU law is not clarified by treaty provisions. This is an important principle, as it ensures the proper functioning of the EU. If an EU member state had the power to annul EU law by adopting new domestic (national) law which was in conflict with the
Author(s): The Open University

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1.2 How does it hurt?

This is a useful question because once we know the mechanism of pain sensation we can do something about alleviating it.

When tissue is injured there follows a rapid release of ‘messenger’ chemicals that stimulate the nerve endings. Electrical impulses are relayed through the nerves to the spinal column and to the brain, which registers the sensation of pain. It usually, but not always, also directs our attention to the site where the damaged tissue initiated the pain message.


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6.1 Overview

Having looked at the contexts and background, let us turn now to the essays themselves. I have used the edition of 1837, which was based on the second edition of the complete work, dating from 1816. However, it is worth noting that Owen made revisions and additions to subsequent English, French and American versions, so the reader will come across occasional references and allusions to developments which are out of context with the period when the essays were first written. I shall draw to yo
Author(s): The Open University

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4.13.1 Standards and classification

ICTs depend on myriad standards in order to provide interconnectivity. If this was a computer science course, you would be learning about standard network protocols which enable computers to communicate with each other or with other devices, whether over the internet or from your computer to a network printer. Standards enable us to send email and browse websites without worrying about the underlying mechanisms (until they fail, forcing us to focus on the tool instead of our work).


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1.3.1 Why are cells different?

Now let us go on with our story and assume that we have decided the time is right to have a baby. The primary requirement for conception is that healthy gametes should be produced. We shall therefore look first at how gametes are made, and then examine some of the factors affecting their quality. But we must start with an explanation of what gametes are, and what sets them apart from other kinds of cell. In other words, what makes gametes special? Gametes are the cells that fuse to form a new
Author(s): The Open University

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Professor Patrick Duffy Inaugural Lecture: (Sport) Coaching: Blinded or blended in a changing world?
(Sport) Coaching: Blinded or blended in a changing world? Professor Duffy's research work focuses on policy and sport coaching, as well as applied work in sport-business transfer, which is part of a long-term project with Morrisons PLC. Patrick will address the policy and research backgrounds to developments in professional practice in this area. The traditional view of sport coaching as an emerging profession will be challenged, suggesting that sport coaching should position itself as a blended
Author(s): Patrick Duffy,Leeds Metropolitan University

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http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

2.2.3 Activités 14 et 15

Activité 14

Author(s): The Open University

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Informal learning in the workplace
This paper focuses mainly on theoretical frameworks for understanding and investigating informal learning in the workplace, which have been developed through a series of large and small scale projects. The main conclusions are included but readers are referred to other publications for more detailed accounts of individual projects. Two types of framework are discussed. The first group seek to deconstruct the “key concepts” of informal learning, learning from experience, tacit knowledge, tran
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Operationalizing Social Neuroscience through HumanHuman and HumanMachine Interactions (audio)

How are neural, behavioral and social scales coordinated in real time so as to make possible the emergenceof social cognition? Answering this question requires to study the dynamics of coordination in real humaninteractions. However, even at the simplest dyadic scale, methodological and theoretical challenges remain.Several theories have been proposedto infer ...
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14.451 Dynamic Optimization Methods with Applications (MIT)
This course focuses on dynamic optimization methods, both in discrete and in continuous time. We approach these problems from a dynamic programming and optimal control perspective. We also study the dynamic systems that come from the solutions to these problems. The course will illustrate how these techniques are useful in various applications, drawing on many economic examples. However, the focus will remain on gaining a general command of the tools so that they can be applied later in other cl
Author(s): Lorenzoni, Guido

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3.3.1 The geography of the Classical world

We would now like to give you the opportunity to gain some background knowledge of places and regions in the Classical world. The aim is to give you a grasp of this geography so that as you learn more about the Classical world, you will be able to locate the places you study and put them in relation to one another without having to consult a map all the time.

Author(s): The Open University

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7.03 Genetics (MIT)
This course discusses the principles of genetics with application to the study of biological function at the level of molecules, cells, and multicellular organisms, including humans. The topics include: structure and function of genes, chromosomes and genomes, biological variation resulting from recombination, mutation, and selection, population genetics, use of genetic methods to analyze protein function, gene regulation and inherited disease.
Author(s): Kaiser, Chris,Fink, Gerald,Samson, Leona,Mischke,

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3.1 Primary sources of synthetic polymers

The most important primary sources of synthetic polymers are crude oil, natural gas and, to a minor extent, coal. Because all are primarily fuels rather than sources of materials, the manufacture of polymers is susceptible to changes in price or supply. However, this is also true of other materials, since fuel costs are an important component of metal, ceramic and glass manufacture where very high reaction temperatures are needed for reduction of ore to metal and/or smelting. Where polymer ma
Author(s): The Open University

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2.1.3 Activités 10 et 11

Activité 10

1. You want to know if there is satellite TV, free parking, Internet connection and a gym in your hotel. Listen to the prompts in Extract 45 and ask the questions, making sure you use the correct intonatio
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