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A Format for a Graphical Communications Protocol
This article describes the requirements for a graphical format on which a graphical on-line communications protocol can be based. It is argued that on-line graphical communications is similar to graphical session capture, and thus the author proposes an interactive graphical communications format using the GKSM session metafile. The discussion includes items that complement the GKSM metafile such as a format for on-line interactive exchange. One key application area of such a format is multimedi
Author(s): Aguilar, Lorenzo

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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • demonstrate an awareness of the issues surrounding public understanding of science

  • engage with some of the debates surrounding this topic.


Author(s): The Open University

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Copyright © 2016 The Open University

Creating a City Administration System (CAS) using Virtual Reality in an Immersive Collaborative Envi
Current problems in administration of a city are found to be decentralized and noninteractive for an effective city management. This usually will result in inconsistencies of decision-making, inefficient services and slow response to a particular action. City administration often spends more money, time and human resource because of these problems. This research demonstrates our research and development of creating a City Administration System (CAS) to solve the problems stated above. The task o
Author(s): Ahmad Rafi, M.E. and Mohd Fazidin, J.

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6.6 Summary of Part E

In Part E you have had the opportunity to appreciate the relationship between the EU law and the domestic law of the EU member states. The principles guiding this relationship do not form part of the founding treaties of the EU but have been distilled by the ECJ from the aims of the Community as set out in those founding treaties. You have been introduced to:

  • the principle of supremacy: in cases of conflict EU law prevails over the domestic law
    Author(s): The Open University

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    Copyright © 2013 The Open University

2.2.1 Try some yourself

1 A recipe for four people calls for
Author(s): The Open University

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Except for third party materials and/or otherwise stated (see terms and conditions) the content in OpenLearn is released for use under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share

Agent Provocateur - BIM In The Academic Design Studio
Building Information Modeling challenges academia to question the fundamental roles of abstraction and simulation in design education. Architectural education and practice assume a traditional set of visual conventions at varied scales and levels of detail, that when taken in concert signifies a whole, complete idea of a building, a correspondence between design intent and interpretation, between the representation of ideas and the design of buildings. BIM viewed as provocateur to these assumpti
Author(s): Ambrose, Michael A.

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Fall equinox in 2016

Video link (see supported sites below). Please use the original link, not the shortcut, e.g. www.youtube.com/watch?v=abcde

Author(s): adarshgm2

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Dispositivos esc?picos para a media??o do olhar
This work will discuss how the contemporary technological devices, that act like mediators of the gaze, can leverage a global voyeurism in an already established scopophilic and surveillance-panopticism culture. This analysis will be done from a perspective within the art and technology, where productions in contemporary visual arts resort to this state of affairs to propose their poetics and to present a critical and reflective reading about a society, facing a reality where privacy and individ
Author(s): Aldo Lu?s Pedrosa da Silva Aldo Pedrosa

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The Reconstruction of the Past: The Application of New Techniques for Visualization and Research in
This paper focuses on the visualization of historical architecture. The application of new Computer-Aided- Architectural-Design techniques for visualization on micro computers provides a technique for reconstructing and analyzing architectural objects from the past. The pilot project describes a case study in which the historical transformation of a town will be analyzed by using three- dimensional CAD models in combination with bitmap textures. The transformation of the historic town will be vi
Author(s): Alkhoven, Patricia

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Towards Comprehensive Space: A context for the programming/design of cybrids
Cybrids have been presented as mixed realities: spatial, architectural compositions comprised of physical and cyberspaces (Anders 1997). In order to create a rigorous approach to the design of architectural cybrids, this paper offers a model for programming their spaces. Other than accepting cyberspaces as part of architecture?s domain, this approach is not radical. Indeed, many parts of program development resemble those of conventional practice. However, the proposition that cyberspaces should
Author(s): Anders, Peter

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A run time exchange of component information between CAD and object models: A standard interface
Integrated computer aided design could only occur in engineering once CAD systems could represent physical features and components rather than graphical primitives. In most dedicated CAD systems, the knowledge of a complete component exists only for the duration of each drawing command and the data stored in the database is simply a set of graphic primitives. This paper proposes an approach for real time information transfer fr
Author(s): Alshawi, M.

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Bird Flu Research: Dangerous Information on a Deadly Virus - HSPH Forum
Amid controversy, a cadre of experts met in February at the World Health Organization to debate the publication of experiments that, in an effort to understand mechanisms of its evolution, made a deadly form of bird flu more contagious in mammals. This Forum event, presented in collaboration with Reuters, examined questions raised by the possible publication of the information and the security issues faced by labs legitimately working with this virus. This event was part of the Andelot Series on
Author(s): No creator set

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Musculoskeletal System
Using still images, this is a brief overview of the musculoskeletal system (02:40).
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Digital conception(s): Architectural concepts of digital design and making
This paper presents an investigation of probative works of architectural thought and production executed in various forms of digital design and computational media. The applied design research focuses on an examination of the procedure or process constructed to both develop exact, precise digital models and constructed processes that result in design outcomes that cannot be pre-visioned. The changing position of the conceptualisation within the design process continually changes the relationship
Author(s): Ambrose, Michael A.

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NOTES ON IN-SITU ? FULL-SCALE EXPERIMENTATION AND THE DESIGN PROFESSIONS
In the north american academic context a workshop is different from a paper session in that it is simply an opportunity to exchange ideas and to raise questions among colleagues who can bring to bear in their discussion various points of view and experiences otherwise unavailable.
Author(s): Amiel, Maurice

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Advanced techniques of design in support to medical science: Application to implantological treatmen
At the present time the importance of the image of people plays a key role. Therefore many people who leave these standards wish to change their aesthetic face one, in occasions to look for characteristics that respond to the modern beauty, and in others, to try to solve a medical problem. In the work that is exposed here, the use of the present technological tools of design appears, like support to the scientific development that it makes possible an effectively learn more express and to the st
Author(s): Amundarain, I?aki Mart?n; V?ctor Aperribay ; Jes?s

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Envisioning Cyberspace: The Design of On-Line Communities
The development of the World Wide Web into an active, visual social environment poses unique opportunities for the design professions. Multi-user Domains, social meeting places in cyberspace, are mostly text-based virtual realities which use spatial references to set the stage for social interaction. Over the past year design students at the New Jersey Institute of Technology School of Architecture have investigated several text-based domains. In the course of their work, they envisioned and gra
Author(s): Anders, Peter

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Voronoi diagram Voro [Schemata]: Application of interactive weighted voronoi diagrams as an alternat
This paper explores the application of Interactive Weighted Voronoi diagrams in business park master plans through site specific testing, derivation of zoning parameters and creation of an applet.
Author(s): Anuradha, V.; Minal Sabnis, Vennila Thirumavalavn

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Beyond Y2k: A Look at Acadia's Present and Future
The sky may not be falling, but it sure is getting closer. Where will you when the last three zeros of our millennial odometer click into place? Computer scientists tell us that Y2K will bring the world?s computer infrastructure to its knees. Maybe, maybe not. But it is interesting that Y2K is an issue at all. Speculating on the future is simultaneously a magnifying glass for examining our technologies and a looking glass for what we become through them. "The future" is nothing new. Orwell's vis
Author(s): Anders, Peter

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Places of Mind: Implications of Narrative Space for the Architecture of Information Environments
Virtual reality and cyberspace are extended spaces of the mind different from, yet related to, the spaces of fiction and ancient myth. These earlier spaces reveal how electronic media, too, may come to define our selves and our culture. Indeed, a better understanding of how we use space to think can lead to the design of better information environments. This paper will describe a range of traditional narrative spaces, revealing their varied relationships with the physical world. It will demonstr
Author(s): Anders, Peter

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