Parallel Session 1 - Policy and Management
1.1 Policy and management: towards better coordination between Member States and/or Regions.
As the boundaries of knowledge are pushed forward, new or upgraded RIs are increasingly becoming more expensive to design and build by one single nation. A common strategy is therefore needed, whereby different countries with similar scientific priorities get together to explore the possibility of jointly funding actions. Different ways to approach the problem are explored:
Chair: Prof. Henry
Towards better Coordination
between Member States and/or Regions
Prof. Carlo Rizzuto
President, Sincrotrone Trieste - ELETTRA
View Presentation pdf ( 246kB) (left click to view / right click to download)
The growth of Research and of the European Research Area requires an ever increasing and continuously upgraded capital of (large) Research Infrastructures. This conflicts with limits in financial means. Traditionally in Europe, mainly the major Countries had developed a policy of attracting and/or building RIs open to international use. The enlargement of Europe and the shift of the barycentre of potential users open the opportunity to involve also the New Member Countries in a coordinated effort to invest in these aspects, which are essential for an healthy growth of Research, but also for the local economies and institutional aspects. The coordination, which is ESFRI's main role, can be critical in building a new outlook in the use of scarce resources. This can also help to introduce flexibility by avoiding duplications and shifting the focus away from more traditional local approaches in infrastructure building. Aspects such as the maximization of the scientific and socio-economic impact of RIs and of their useful lifetime are critically important to stimulate the coordination with to local and regional authorities and to better coordinate an overall EU effort.
S & T "Renaissance"
of Regions? The State of Research Infrastructures and the example of the West
Dr. Anneliese Stoklaska
Federal Ministry for Education, Science and Culture, Austria
View Presentation pdf ( 129kB) (left click to view / right click to download)
Regions are increasingly recognised as important players in the European research and development landscape. Strengthening the research potential of European regions, in particular by encouraging the development of "regional research clusters" should enable the respective regions maximising their potential for a successful involvement of their stakeholders in European research activities. In theory this would also apply for the Western Balkan Countries (WBC) for fostering a positive economic and social development. But in practice one of the most significant barriers is the need for renewal and improvement of their research infrastructures. A failure to address this issue could slow down their necessary integration into ERA. The Western Balkan Countries will not only be a target region within FP 7, but also a priority issue during Austrian EU-Presidency in 2006.
needed to foster research on Baltic Sea environmental issues
Dr. Eeva Ikonen
Academy of Finland
View Presentation pdf ( 1,042kB) (left click to view / right click to download)
ERA-NET is a scheme which has been developed to help coordination of policies at EU level. This also applies in the field of research Infrastructures. One example is given through the BONUS ERA-NET project that brings together the key research funding agencies the EU Member States around the Baltic Sea (as well as Russia) to establish a deeper understanding of the conditions for science-based management of environmental issues. The funding allocated by national sources, the EU and the Nordic Council of Ministers for Baltic Sea research in 2004 totalled 52 million euros. This ERA-NET project allows a better cooperation at funding organisations level, to improve networking and integration of scientists and research institutes.
1.2 Policy and management: towards large international infrastructures.
The next generation of new research infrastructures, in certain fields, is evolving towards a new type of facility, born "global" and funded by a number of international partners. The issues to be discussed in this session are many and all equally important:
Chair: Dr Yves Petroff,
Ministère de la Recherche, France.
Towards large international
infrastructures: Management of processes and projects
Dr. Joergen Kjems
Director, RISØ National Laboratory, Denmark
View Presentation pdf ( 188kB) (left click to view / right click to download)
Science is increasingly
carried out in cross-border collaborations, and the need for large infrastructures
often exceeds the capacity of individual countries. However, science planning
and funding is still very much based on national priorities, and this creates
barriers for the development of science. The creation of forums like the OECD
Global Science Forum (GSF) and the European Strategic Forum for Research Infrastructure
(ESFRI) has been helpful in the efforts to overcome these barriers. The talk
will highlight some lessons learned concerning the management of the planning
process for new, large international infrastructures, in particular in relation
to the European Spallation Source Project. Well-defined roles and the ownership
of the planning project are important elements for success. Networks of scientific
institutions can be strong drivers of the planning process for new research
infrastructures. However, support from funding agencies and governments require
more than the direct community support, and in many countries a transparent
process of scrutiny has been established in order to set national priorities.
The talk will review the recent development in Denmark on this point.
'ITER, an unprecedented
international collaboration in energy research
Dr. Carlos Alejaldre
Director General Technology Policy, Ministry of Education and Science, Spain
View Presentation pdf ( 3,571kB) (left click to view / right click to download)
ITER is an international project involving the People's Republic of China, the European Union (+ Switzerland ), Japan, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation, and the United States of America, that represents the experimental step between today's studies of plasma physics and tomorrow's electricity-producing fusion power plants. The presentation will concentrate in two issues: the reasons that justify ITER being implemented as the widest international collaboration ever in fusion research (technical and scientific challenges, universal interest...). Secondly the managerial and organisational challenges of such a joint enterprise, both during the initial decision-making process (agreements on site selection, parties' contributions and responsibilities, organisation structure...) and over the project lifetime (in-kind procurement, infrastructure integration issues, common scientific exploitation...).
The International Linear
Collider fundamental Research on a worldwide Scale
Dr. Eckardt Elsen
View Presentation pdf ( 339kB) (left click to view / right click to download)
The International Linear
Collider (ILC) will be the next large project of particle physics after the
LHC. From the start it is conceived as a multinational project with comparable
contributions from Asia, Americas and Europe. Management structures are currently
being put in place to coordinate this endeavour worldwide in a field where scientists
traditionally collaborate with ease. The European role is supported in ongoing
research programmes of the European Commission. The success and further evolution
of this programme will be outlined.
1.3 Policy and management: optimising
financial instruments to support Research Infrastructures.
In the planning of new
research infrastructures, costs and ways to finance their construction are paramount
concerns and constraints. This is all the more true for large, multi-national
or international facilities, where single national sources of financing are
inadequate. This session will focus on the optimal use of different funding
Chair: Dr. Jacek
Director, Dept. of European Integration, Ministry of Scientific research & Information Society Technologies, Poland.
Financing Research Infrastructures:
fact, fiction, hype and hope
Prof. Costas Fotakis
Director, Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas, Greece
View Presentation pdf ( 100kB) (left click to view / right click to download)
It is a fact that European
Research Infrastructures play a crucial role in advancing European science and
a knowledge based economy. Through this they form an effective tool for promoting
European competitiveness and cohesion within the European research landscape.
Their pan-European character is a key element in this respect. Are financial
Instruments optimized to support them, today, at European level? In looking
at this question, It Is necessary to take a broader perspective
it is fiction that national priorities are necessarily of pan-European interest.
Furthermore, there may be national RIs that may promote national aspirations
or contribute to regional development but they do not ensure the best European
response to the challenges of their field. It is also hype to consider RIs as
a panacea for all types of current and future scientific and cultural priorities.
There is already substantial experience for discussing these issues in terms
of the policies, financial and socio-economic aspects involved. The hope is
that European RIs will enhance their role in optimizing European human and material
resources towards scientific excellence and development. At the same time, the
hope is that financial instruments could be optimized, at least at EU level,
to support them.
Adapting EIB lending
instruments to research challenges
Dr. Jean-Jacques Mertens
European Investment Bank
View Presentation pdf ( 248kB) (left click to view / right click to download)
As the policy-driven, long
term financing institution of the EU, the EIB finances increasing amounts of
research and innovation projects, in the framework of its "i2i" initiative,
aimed at supporting the EU Lisbon objectives. The presentation will explain
recent developments in EIB lending to RDI, and explain how it plans to possibly
finance new research infrastructures. In particular it would explain what a
loan could bring to project promoters and budgetary authorities and how developments
in "structured finance facilities" could help make some risk more
1.4 Policy and management: optimal
use and support to research infrastructures.
Europe has a wealth of
world class infrastructures in all fields of science, ranging from national
facilities to large Intergovernmental Research Organisations at the cutting
edge of science and technology. They all have their different ways to support
users. This session will try analysing different challenges:
This session will focus on these and other issues. Examples of how existing infrastructures can coordinate their activities to increase their efficiency will be presented.
Chair: Mr. Robert-Jan
Director, DG RTD, European Commission.
Does Europe capitalise
on its world-leading European Experimental Scientific Organisations?
Prof. Colin Carlile
Director, Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble, France
View Presentation pdf ( 1,622kB) (left click to view / right click to download)
EIROforum links together
seven experimental scientific research organisations - CERN, ILL, ESA, EFDA-JET,
ESO, EMBL & ESRF - which are either world-leading or world-class. Each is
a 'variable-geometry' international research centre and each one demonstrates
that European nations can do more together than separately. But, once created,
are these laboratories optimally resourced and operated? Is the expertise and
experience assembled in these facilities, together with their large user communities
of scientists, used effectively to help determine the future needs for the next
generation of European infrastructures, and how best should these facilities
be set up and operated? And what is the correct balance between the national
interest and the wider European interest? The speaker will explore some of these
issues based upon his personal experience.
Making the most of research
Prof. Robert McGreevy
Director, ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, UK
View Presentation pdf ( 358kB) (left click to view / right click to download)
Initiatives (I3) bring together common types of research infrastructures in
Europe with the aims of broadening access, technical developments of common
benefit and increased cooperation. Together the I3 represent 250 infrastructures
used by many thousands of researchers, forming a core part of the European research
area. Despite the wide range of types of infrastructure, from telescopes to
mouse mutant collections, there are many common issues for the operators and
for the I3 coordinators. For this reason the I3 have formed a network, I3-net,
to increase their cooperation with respect to both European and national agencies.
This presentation will raise some of the issues and propose ways forward.
The EC support to the
design of new research infrastructures: the L-Surf case
Dr. Felix Amberg
Hagerbach Test Galleries Ltd, Switzerland
View Presentation pdf ( 187kB) (left click to view / right click to download)
Extensive RTD work on safety
in underground spaces clearly shows the need for large scale research and test
work in this field. However such research work is nowadays practically impossible
due to the facts that no research and test facility is available and that the
RTD competencies are scattered all over Europe. The funding of design studies
under the Research Infrastructures European actions is therefore a crucial tool
in helping research institutions coming together. By doing that Europe is fighting
against the fragmentation of efforts. The L-Surf project was proposed by some
leading institutes on safety and security of enclosed spaces to respond exactly
to these facts. The so far carried out work has clearly shown the importance
of a funded design study for the industry driven bottom up approach of L-Surf
and it also made aware of necessary top down activities in order to overcome
the existing shortcomings in the European Research Area.
of Parallel Session 1
Mr H Pero
DG RTD, EC
View conclusions pdf ( 97kB) (left click to view / right click to download)