Behavioural, social and emotional outcomes following preterm birth

2. Attention problems and ADHD

Children born very preterm are three times more likely to have Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD, than children who were born at term. ADHD is diagnosed when children have persistent difficulties with attention or hyperactivity and impulsivity. ADHD most commonly affects children and adolescents, but can persist into adulthood.

Children with ADHD who were born preterm primarily have problems with attention, and few also have difficulties with hyperactivity or impulsivity. This is an important difference between preterm children and other children with ADHD.

Look the graph and listen to the explanation to hear more about this.

Play the video for an interpretation of the graph