Types of dementia

There are several different types of dementia, the most common being Alzheimer’s Disease. All are caused by processes which result in damage to the brain. As the disease progresses, individuals may become severely disabled and dependent on the care of others.

Survival is reported to be poor after the onset of infections and eating problems, and the occurrence of distressing symptoms such as dyspnoea, pain, agitation, pressure sores and breathing problems become increasingly common.

Mitchell, 2009

Understanding the clinical course of dementia, and recognising that advanced dementia is a terminal condition, is important in planning appropriate care and avoiding invasive or unnecessary treatment and intervention.

Watch the video below to find out more about dementia and hospital care.

Video transcript