Resources

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Glossary

  • Acid: any substance that donates H+ ions; A solution that contains more H+ than OH- ions
  • Base: any substance that removes free H+ from a solution¬†
  • Alkali: any substance that donates OH- ions into a solution; A solution that contains more OH- than H+ ions
  • pH: the concentration of hydrogen ions (H+) in a solution
  • Acidic: a solution containing excess H+ ions; a solution with a pH less than 7
  • Alkaline: a solution containing fewer H+ than OH- ions; a solution with a pH greater than 7
  • Neutral: a solution where there are exactly the same number of H+ and OH- ions
  • Dissociation: molecules in solution break apart into ions and then re-form again
  • Buffer: a molecule that can both accept H+ and donate that H+ ions
  • Denaturation: alteration of a molecule's shape and structure leading to loss of function following rearrangement of its atoms
  • Neutralisation: combination of an acid and an alkali to form a salt and water
  • Salt: a molecule formed by the combination of an acid without its free H+ ions and an alkali without its OH- ions

Resources

Title/link Description
A searchable database of POEMs. Subscription needed. Includes daily emailed POEM. Many journals such as the BMJ include a weekly POEM.

Books and Journals

Greenhalgh, T. (2001) How to read a clinical paper. 2nd Ed. BMJ books.

Surrogate outcomes - Print summary

This RLO covers the use of surrogate outcomes in measuring drug safety.

Learning outcomes

By completing this resource you will have learnt about surrogate outcomes including:

  • types of outcomes
  • limitations of their use approach
  • why they are used

By completing this resource you will have learnt about the use of surrogate outcomes in measuring drug safety, including:

  • types of outcomes
  • limitations of their use approach
  • why they are used

This resource was developed by:

Julia Lacey - content author

Rob Cutforth, Liz Hilton - developers

The resource was originally funded by RLO-CETL.

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