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the University of Nottingham

School of Health Sciences
Referencing Tool


In a citation, it is the author and year that is required (NB direct quotes also require a page number).


Very Important: Initials/first name(s) of the author DO NOT appear in the citation.

In-text example:

Holland (2018) discusses mood stabilising medications …


A patient's mood can be supported with medications (Holland, 2018).

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