Centre of Evidence Based Dermatology

Skin of Colour Resource



Acne 2

Acne vulgaris. © DermNetNZ

Acne 1

Postinflammatory pigmentation. © DermNetNZ




Recommendations for Using Over-The-Counter Products as Adjunctive Acne Care in Asian Phototypes: Improving Treatment Outcomes and Managing Side Effects. Andriessen A, Jiang X, Kulthanan K, Lee CH, Sinclair R, Zhang CF. J Drugs Dermatol. 2021 Nov 1;20(11):1213-1221. doi: 10.36849/jdd.6259. PMID: 34784121 Review.

 Acne and Rosacea in Skin of Colour. Maruthappu T, Taylor M. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2021 Oct 28. doi: 10.1111/ced.14994. Online ahead of print. PMID: 34709676 Review.

Racial/Ethnic Variations in Acne: Implications for Treatment and Skin Care Recommendations for Acne Patients With Skin of Color. Alexis AF, Woolery-Lloyd H, Williams K, Andriessen A, Callender VD, Kang S, Rodriquez D, Tan J. J Drugs Dermatol. 2021 Jul 1;20(7):716-725. doi: 10.36849/JDD.6169. PMID: 34232006

The efficacy and safety of the fractional radiofrequency technique for the treatment of atrophic acne scar in Asians: A meta-analysis. Dai R, Xie H, Hua W, Li XH, Li BD. J Cosmet Laser Ther. 2017 Oct;19(6):337-344. doi: 10.1080/14764172.2017.1314507. Epub 2017 Apr 7. Systematic review.

Fractional resurfacing in the Asian patient: Current state of the art.
Wat H, Wu DC, Chan HH.
Lasers Surg Med. 2016 Sep 8. doi: 10.1002/lsm.22579. [Epub ahead of print] Systematic review.

A subgroup analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of adapalene-benzoyl peroxide topical gel in black subjects with moderate acne.
Alexis AF, Johnson LA, Kerrouche N, Callender VD.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2014 Feb;13(2):170-4. Meta-analysis.

A meta-analysis to investigate the relation between Fitzpatrick skin types and tolerability of adapalene-benzoyl peroxide topical gel in subjects with mild or moderate acne. 
Callender VD, Preston N, Osborn C, Johnson L, Gottschalk RW.
J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2010 Aug;3(8):15-9. Meta-analysis.

Efficacy and cutaneous safety of adapalene in black patients versus white patients with acne vulgaris. 
Czernielewski J, Poncet M, Mizzi F.
Cutis. 2002 Oct;70(4):243-8. Meta-analysis.

Evidence-based surgical management of post-acne scarring in skin of color.
Gupta A, Kaur M, Patra S, Khunger N, Gupta S.
J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2020 Apr-Jun;13(2):124-141. doi: 10.4103/JCAS.JCAS_154_19. Review.

Common skin disorders in pediatric skin of color.
Maymone MBC, Watchmaker JD, Dubiel M, Wirya SA, Shen LY, Vashi NA.
J Pediatr Health Care. 2019 Nov - Dec;33(6):727-737. doi: 10.1016/j.pedhc.2019.04.019. Review.

Fractional carbon dioxide laser: Optimizing treatment outcomes for pigmented atrophic acne scars in skin of color.
Arsiwala SZ, Desai SR.
J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2019 Apr-Jun;12(2):85-94. doi: 10.4103/JCAS.JCAS_171_18. Review.

What does acne genetics teach us about disease pathogenesis?
Common JEA, Barker JN, van Steensel MAM.
Br J Dermatol. 2019 Mar 10. doi: 10.1111/bjd.17721. [Epub ahead of print]. Review.

Optimizing the use of topical retinoids in Asian acne patients.
See JA, Goh CL, Hayashi N, Suh DH, Casintahan FA.
J Dermatol. 2018 May;45(5):522-528. doi: 10.1111/1346-8138.14314. Epub 2018 Apr 3. Review.

Acne in ethnic skin - Part 2: Approach to management in patients with skin of colour.
Govender K, Dlova NC.
Dermatology in Practice. 2017 Summer;23(2):38-44. Review.

Updates in the understanding and treatments of skin & hair disorders in women of color.
Lawson CN, Hollinger J, Sethi S, Rodney I, Sarkar R, Dlova N, Callender VD.
Int J Womens Dermatol. 2017 Feb 16;3(1 Suppl):S21-S37. doi: 10.1016/j.ijwd.2017.02.006. eCollection 2017 Mar. Review.

Acne in ethnic skin - Part 1: Epidemiology, aetiopathogenesis and clinical manifestations
Govender K, Dlova NC.
Dermatology in Practice. 2017 Spring;23(1):4-9. Review.

Chemical pharmacotherapy options for managing adult acne.
Vera N, Patel N, Cardwell LA, Saleem M, Feldman SR.
Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2017 Jan 23:1-11. doi: 10.1080/14656566.2017.1282460. [Epub ahead of print]. Review.

Meeting the challenges of acne treatment in Asian patients: A review of the role of dermocosmetics as adjunctive therapy.
Goh CL, Noppakun N, Micali G, Azizan NZ, Boonchai W, Chan Y, Cheong WK, Chiu PC, Etnawati K, Gulmatico-Flores Z, Foong H, Kubba R, Paz-Lao P, Lee YY, Loo S, Modi F, Nguyen TH, Pham TL, Shih YH, Sitohang IB, Wong SN.
J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2016 Apr-Jun;9(2):85-92. doi: 10.4103/0974-2077.184043. Review.

South-East Asia study alliance guidelines on the management of acne vulgaris in South-East Asian patients. Goh CL, Abad-Casintahan F, Aw DC, Baba R, Chan LC, Hung NT, Kulthanan K, Leong HN, Medina-Oblepias MS, Noppakun N, Sitohang IB, Sugito TL, Wong SN.J Dermatol. 2015 Oct;42(10):945-53. doi: 10.1111/1346-8138.12993. Epub 2015 Jul 25. Review.

Acne in patients with skin of color: practical management. 
Yin NC, McMichael AJ.
Am J Clin Dermatol. 2014 Feb;15(1):7-16. doi: 10.1007/s40257-013-0049-1. Review.

A brief primer on acne therapy for adolescents with skin of color. 
Silverberg NB.
Cutis. 2013 Jul;92(1):20-6. Review.

Retinoids and azelaic acid to treat acne and hyperpigmentation in skin of color. 
Woolery-Lloyd HC, Keri J, Doig S.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2013 Apr;12(4):434-7. Review.

A focused review on acne-induced and aesthetic procedure-related postinflammatory hyperpigmentation in Asians. 
Eimpunth S, Wanitphadeedecha R, Manuskiatti W.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2013 Jan;27 Suppl 1:7-18. doi: 10.1111/jdv.12050. Review.

Chemical peels for acne and acne scars in Asians: evidence based review. 
Handog EB, Datuin MS, Singzon IA.
J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2012 Oct;5(4):239-46. doi: 10.4103/0974-2077.104911. Review.

Hydroquinone therapy for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation secondary to acne: not just prescribable by dermatologists. 
Chandra M, Levitt J, Pensabene CA.
Acta Derm Venereol. 2012 May;92(3):232-5. doi: 10.2340/00015555-1225. Review.

Toward evidence-based practice in acne: consensus of an Asian Working Group. 
Abad-Casintahan F, Chow SK, Goh CL, Kubba R, Miyachi Y, Noppakun N, See J, Suh DH, Yang LC, Kang S.
J Dermatol. 2011 Nov;38(11):1041-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1346-8138.2011.01266.x. Epub 2011 Sep 23. Review.

Acne in skin of color: practical approaches to treatment. 
Shah SK, Alexis AF.
J Dermatolog Treat. 2010 May;21(3):206-11. doi: 10.3109/09546630903401496. Review.

A review of acne in ethnic skin: pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and management strategies. 
Davis EC, Callender VD.
J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2010 Apr;3(4):24-38. Review.

Clinical considerations on the use of concomitant therapy in the treatment of acne. 
Alexis AF.
J Dermatolog Treat. 2008;19(4):199-209. doi: 10.1080/09546630802132635. Review.

Acne on pigmented skin. 
Poli F.
Int J Dermatol. 2007 Oct;46 Suppl 1:39-41. Review.

Utilizing combination therapy for ethnic skin. 
Taylor SC.
Cutis. 2007 Jul;80(1 Suppl):15-20. Review.

Considerations for treating acne in ethnic skin. 
Callender VD.
Cutis. 2005 Aug;76(2 Suppl):19-23. Review.

Acne in ethnic skin: special considerations for therapy. 
Callender VD.
Dermatol Ther. 2004;17(2):184-95. Review.

Acne in ethnic skin. 
Halder RM, Brooks HL, Callender VD.
Dermatol Clin. 2003 Oct;21(4):609-15, vii. Review.

Acne vulgaris in skin of color. 
Taylor SC, Cook-Bolden F, Rahman Z, Strachan D.
J Am Acad Dermatol. 2002 Feb;46(2 Suppl Understanding):S98-106. Review.


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Centre of Evidence Based Dermatology

The University of Nottingham
Applied Health Research Building
University Park, Nottingham

telephone: +44 (0) 115 84 68631
email: cebd@nottingham.ac.uk