Centre of Evidence Based Dermatology

Skin of Colour Resource


Keloids & hypertrophic scars


Keloid 1

Keloid. © DermNetNZ

Keloid 2

Keloid. © DermNetNZ




Treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars. Position statement of the Brazilian expert group GREMCIQ. Oliveira GV, Metsavaht LD, Kadunc BV, Jedwab SKK, Bressan MS, Stolf HO, Castro RG, Bezerra SMFMC, Calil DA, Addor FAZ, Fraga JCS, Reis CMS, Reis-Filho E, Silva MR, Ramos-E-Silva M, Hexsel DM. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2021 Jul 15. doi: 10.1111/jdv.17484. Online ahead of print. PMID: 34263958

Acne keloidalis nuchae in the armed forces. Brahe C, Peters K, Meunier N. Cutis. 2020 May;105(5):223-226. PMID: 32603383 Review.

Fractional resurfacing in the Asian patient: Current state of the art.

Wat H, Wu DC, Chan HH.
Lasers Surg Med. 2016 Sep 8. doi: 10.1002/lsm.22579. [Epub ahead of print] Systematic review.

Intralesional cryotherapy for the treatment of keloid scars: evaluating effectiveness.
van Leeuwen MC, Bulstra AE, Ket JC, Ritt MJ, van Leeuwen PA, Niessen FB.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2015 Jul 8;3(6):e437. doi: 10.1097/GOX.0000000000000348. eCollection 2015 Jun. Systematic review.

A review of current keloid management: Mainstay monotherapies and emerging approaches.
Limmer EE, Glass DA 2nd.
Dermatol Ther (Heidelb). 2020 Jul 23. doi: 10.1007/s13555-020-00427-2. Online ahead of print. Review.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Keloids and Hypertrophic Scars-Japan Scar Workshop Consensus Document 2018.
Ogawa R, Akita S, Akaishi S, Aramaki-Hattori N, Dohi T, Hayashi T, Kishi K, Kono T, Matsumura H, Muneuchi G, Murao N, Nagao M, Okabe K, Shimizu F, Tosa M, Tosa Y, Yamawaki S, Ansai S, Inazu N, Kamo T, Kazki R, Kuribayashi S.
Burns Trauma. 2019 Dec 27;7:39. doi: 10.1186/s41038-019-0175-y. eCollection 2019. Review.

Common skin disorders in pediatric skin of color.
Maymone MBC, Watchmaker JD, Dubiel M, Wirya SA, Shen LY, Vashi NA.
J Pediatr Health Care. 2019 Nov - Dec;33(6):727-737. doi: 10.1016/j.pedhc.2019.04.019. Review.

Treatment of keloid scars using light-, laser- and energy-based devices: a contemporary review of the literature.
Forbat E, Ali FR, Al-Niaimi F.
Lasers Med Sci. 2017 Oct 18. doi: 10.1007/s10103-017-2332-5. [Epub ahead of print]. Review.

Keloids: current therapies in Barbados.
Nelson OJ, Ward J, Forde AL, Ojeh N.
West Indian Med J. 2016 Mar 10. pii: wimj.2015.322. doi: 10.7727/wimj.2015.322. [Epub ahead of print] Review.

Keloids and hypertrophic scars: A spectrum of clinical challenges.
Trace AP, Enos CW, Mantel A, Harvey VM.
Am J Clin Dermatol. 2016 Feb 19. [Epub ahead of print]. Review.

High-mobility group box protein-1, matrix metalloproteinases, and vitamin D in keloids and hypertrophic scars. 
Lee DE, Trowbridge RM, Ayoub NT, Agrawal DK.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2015 Jul 8;3(6):e425. doi: 10.1097/GOX.0000000000000391. eCollection 2015 Jun. Review.

New insights on keloids, hypertrophic scars, and striae. 
Ud-Din S, Bayat A.
Dermatol Clin. 2014 Apr;32(2):193-209. doi: 10.1016/j.det.2013.11.002. Review.

Update on scar management: guidelines for treating Asian patients. 
Kim S, Choi TH, Liu W, Ogawa R, Suh JS, Mustoe TA.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2013 Dec;132(6):1580-9. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3182a8070c. Review.

Strategic management of keloid disease in ethnic skin: a structured approach supported by the emerging literature. 
Ud-Din S, Bayat A.
Br J Dermatol. 2013 Oct;169 Suppl 3:71-81. doi: 10.1111/bjd.12588. Review.

[Keloid scars of the head and neck]. 
Beogo R, Guiébré YM, Sérémé M, Ouoba K, Zwetyenga N.
Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac. 2012 Jun;113(3):179-83. doi: 10.1016/j.stomax.2012.03.004. Epub 2012 Apr 17. Review. French.

Advances in the treatment of keloids. 
Viera MH, Caperton CV, Berman B.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2011 May;10(5):468-80. Review.

Medical and surgical management of keloids: a review. 
Shockman S, Paghdal KV, Cohen G.
J Drugs Dermatol. 2010 Oct;9(10):1249-57. Review. 

Management of keloids and hypertrophic scars. 
Juckett G, Hartman-Adams H.
Am Fam Physician. 2009 Aug 1;80(3):253-60. Review.

[Keloids: pathogenic and therapeutic advances]. 
Salles F, Thiéry G, Lari N, Adam S, Morand JJ.
Med Trop (Mars). 2009 Jun;69(3):221-7. Review. French.

Incidence of hypertrophic scars among African Americans linked to vitamin D-3 metabolism? 
Cooke GL, Chien A, Brodsky A, Lee RC.
J Natl Med Assoc. 2005 Jul;97(7):1004-9. Review.

Keloidal scars: a review with a critical look at therapeutic options. 
Shaffer JJ, Taylor SC, Cook-Bolden F.
J Am Acad Dermatol. 2002 Feb;46(2 Suppl Understanding):S63-97. Review.


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Centre of Evidence Based Dermatology

The University of Nottingham
Applied Health Research Building
University Park, Nottingham

telephone: +44 (0) 115 84 68631
email: cebd@nottingham.ac.uk