School of Economics

Joakim Westerlund (Lund University)

C43 Sir Clive Granger
Thursday 28th March 2019 (16:00-17:00)

Forecasting using cross-section average-augmented time series regressions

Abstract:  There is a large and growing literature concerned with forecasting time series variables using factor-augmented regression models. The workhorse of this literature is a two-step approach in which the factors are first estimated by applying the principal components method to a large panel of variables, and the forecast regression is estimated conditional on the first-step factor estimates. Another stream of research that has attracted much attention is that concerned with the use of cross-section averages as common factor estimates in interactive effects panel regression models. The main justification for this second development is the simplicity and good performance of the cross-section averages when compared to estimated principal component factors. In view of this, it is quite surprising that no one has yet considered the use of cross-section averages for forecasting. Indeed, given the purpose to forecast the conditional mean, the use of the cross-section average to estimate the factors is only natural. The present paper can be seen as a reaction to this. The purpose is to investigate the asymptotic and small-sample properties of forecasts based on cross-section average-augmented regressions. In contrast to existing studies, the investigation is carried out while allowing the number of factors to be known.

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