Gendering Latin American Independence
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Josefa Casta√Īeda de Bonifaz

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Gender: F
Ethnic origin: White

Biographical details

Born in Cajamarca, Peru, from a noble Spanish family. When Sim√≥n Bol√≠var arrived in Cajamarca the widowed Casta√Īeda presented her two sons to him saying she had nothing more to offer him than her beloved sons. They fought alongside Bol√≠var and when independence was secure, they settled in Arequipa. Casta√Īeda, left alone stated that mothers had a duty to allow their sons to fight for freedom. (Garc√≠a y Garc√≠a, 241-242.)

Life Events

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García y García, Elvira, (1924), La mujer peruana a través de los siglos


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Resource id #19 (29)

Gendering Latin American Independence

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