Gendering Latin American Independence
List All Links | List Writing | List Archives | List References | List All People

Home » Database » Search » People

Simona Josefa Manzaneda de González

Other names/titles: La Manzaneda, La Jubonera
Gender: F
Ethnic origin: Mestizo/a

Biographical details

She was born in La Paz, on 28 October 1770, the natural daughter of María Josefa Manzaneda from the shanty town, Mecapaca. She is described as tall, with dark, beautiful kind eyes, long black dark that she wore in plaits over her shoulders. She wore a finely embroidered silk jacket, a white short with gold and pearl buttons, a multi-coloured woollen shawl fastened with a gold brooch, a black hat with a red lining like an umbrella, a hooped woollen skirt of 100 threads fastened at the waist, white embroidered socks and kidskin shoes. She wore large, gold earrings with pearls and a ring on each finger. She married Pablo González and had a son, José María. She was interested in the independence cause and following González's death worked as a spy for the patriots, going into the barracks and taking in messages hidden in her skirt. She worked tirelessly and with good humour to increase working class support, and negotiating arms and ammunition. On 16 July 1809 she led the people of Santa Bárbara in supporting the independence movement. When the royalists took La Paz, she managed to deceive the royalists by disguising herself as an Indian and walking by night to Río Abajo where she hid in her family home backup came from the patriot forces from Argentina. After the defeat of Huaqui (20 June 1811), she returned to Mecapaca where she worked as a jubonera, thus earning her the name "la jubonera", but she continued to follow the independence cause. When she learned of Pinelo's rebellion in Cuzco, she offered her support and led the people in the taking of La Paz on 26 September 1814. The royalists took their revenge in November 1816 when General Ricaforte had Manzaneda arrested and brought before him, he sentenced her to be imprisoned. She was stripped, her hair was cut, she was given a shield and a notice with the death penalty written on it, then made to ride through the streets of La Paz on an ass, she was whipped with 50 lashes on the four corners of the plaza then shot in the back. (Urquidi, 184-187)

Described as a commoner, she was sentenced to be publicly reprimanded for disloyalty to the king on 16 November 1816. (Gaceta de Caracas, 14/5/1817, p.1022.)

Life Events

Born 1770She was born in La Paz, Bolivia on 28 October 1770.
Other 1809On 16 July 1809 she led the people of Santa Bárbara into supporting the patriots.
Other 1811She went into hiding after the defeat of Huaqui on 20 June 1811.
Other 1814She participated in the taking of La Paz on 26 September 1814.
Other 1816She was convicted for disloyalty to the king on 16 November 1816.
Died 1816She was tortured and then executed on 16 November 1816.

References

PĂ©rez Vila, Manuel, (1983), Gaceta de Caracas

Urquidi, José Macedonio, (1918), Bolivianas ilustres, heroinas, escritoras, artistas, Tomo I


Publications

There is no writing by this subject in the database.


Links

Resource id #33 (98)

Resource id #37 (12)

Resource id #41 (29)

Resource id #45 (41)

Resource id #49 (49)

Resource id #53 (5)




Gendering Latin American Independence

School of Modern Languages and Cultures
Trent Building, University Park
Nottingham, NG7 2RD


telephone: +44 (0)115 951 5655
email: Catherine.davies@nottingham.ac.uk