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Eulalia Ramos Sánchez de Chamberlain

Other names/titles: Buros, Buroz
Gender: F
Ethnic origin: Unknown

Biographical details

She is sometimes referred to as Eulalia Buros or Buroz.

The daughter of a patriotic republican family, she was born in Venezuela in 1796 and married at 16. She fled into the woods to escape persecution. There she gave birth to a daughter who died shortly afterwards. She was captured in 1813, but escaped to Cartagena and Haiti. Her second husband (Coronel Chamberlain?) shot himself in a convent where they were hiding with 1400 other patriots. She then shot a Spanish official and was killed, her body mutilated and dragged by a horse. (Knaster, 479-80.)

In 1813, her husband, Juan José Velázquez fled from political persecution, she, too, sought refuge in Río Chico. She took her 40-day-old daughter, and hid in the mountains for a few days, but her daughter died. She reached Río Chico, and left her house to visit a friend and suddenly found herself in the middle of a Spanish battalion, led by a local officer, by his side a tall, black woman named Lorenza. Lorenza attacked Ramos Sánchez who screamed for help, then lost consciousness. The soldiers were about to kill her when a bugle announced the arrival of patriots. Ramos Sánchez was taken to her house where her friends took care of her. Hearing of her suffering, Ramos Sánchez's aunt in Caracas, Josefa Pía, took her in. In 1814, when Bolívar went into exile, they all left for Cartagena. Velázquez was discovered by Lorenza's Spanish officer lover, who demanded that Velázquez tell them where Ramos Sánchez was. He refused to say, and was shot and killed.
Ramos Sánchez was concerned at the lack of news from her husband and went to Cumaná for news. There she learned of his death and took refuge in his father's house. She remained there until 1816 when she met and later married Bolívar's aide, Coronel Enrique Chamberlain. They lived in Barcelona, Eastern Venezuela, in the "Casa Fuerte". On 7 April 1817 the Spanish army occupied Barcelona. The population took refuge in the San Francisco convent, which was defended by the patriotic army. Ramos Sánchez, Chamberlain and several women were in a cell. The Spanish army broke in and took Chamberlain away. Ramos Sánchez managed to retain a pistol. She heard the shot that killed Chamberlain. A Spanish officer offered to save her, telling her to shout "Viva España, mueran los patriotas". Instead she cried "Viva la Patria, mueran los tiranos" and shot the officer dead. She was then shot dead by the Spanish soldiers who took her jewels and mutilated her body. (N.A., Heronías, 19-21)

She saw her husband, Enrique Chamberlain, shoot himself, she then took his other gun and killed a Spanish official. She was around 300 prisoners who were then killed on 7 April 1817. (Monsalve, 78)

Brown states that Charles William Chamberlain was a protestant adventurer who was in command of Barcelona fort when it was attacked by royalists in 1816. As the royalists took the fort Chamberlain, a "patriotic foreigner", killed Ramos and then committed suicide. Chamberlian "preferred to end her life rather than let her live dishonoured by Spaniards." (Brown, 68)

Life Events

Born 1796
Married 1812She married Juan José Velázquez.
Other 1813She was captured by royalists.
Other 1814Her husband, Juan José Velázquez was killed by the Spaniards.
Other 1815She took refuge in Cumaná from 1815-1816.
Married 1816She married Colonel Chamberlain.
Died 1817She was killed on 7 April 1817.

References

Knaster, Meri, (1977), Women in Spanish America: An Annotated Bibliography from Pre-Conquest to Contemporary Times

N.A., (1964), HeroĂ­nas venezolanas

Monsalve, José D, (1926), Mujeres de la independencia

Brown, Matthew, (2006), Adventuring through Spanish Colonies: SimĂłn BolĂ­var, Foreign Mercenaries and the Birth of New Nations


Publications

There is no writing by this subject in the database.


Links

Resource id #39 (98)

Resource id #43 (4)

Resource id #47 (4)

Resource id #51 (38)

Resource id #55 (7)

Resource id #59 (12)




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