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Bernardo O'Higgins

Other names/titles:
Gender: M
Ethnic origin: White

Biographical details

Born in 1778, his father was Ambrosio O'Higgins, an Irishman who worked for Spain and who became Marques de Osorno in 1796 and Captain general of Chile from 1788 to 1796 and then Viceroy of Peru until his death in 1801. He was educated in England where under the influence of Miranda he supported the independence cause in 1810. He became commander-in-chief in 1813. He was defeated at Rancagua in 1814 and joined forces with San Martín in Mendoza. He was appointed supreme director of independent Chile, but resigned in 1823 and went to Peru. He died in 1842. (Lynch, xix)

He was a mason. (Racine, 538)

He had a brief affair with Rosario Puga and their son, Pedro Demetrio, was born in 1818. (Clissold, 200)

Life Events

Born 1778He was born in Chillán in 20 August 1778.
Other 1801His father died while serving as Viceroy of Peru.
Other 1810He supported the independence movement.
Other 1814He was defeated at Rancagua and joined forces with San Martín.
Other 1823He resigned as leader of Chile and went to Peru.
Died 1842


Lynch, John, (1986), The Spanish American Revolutions 1808-1826

Werner, Michael S., (1997), Encyclopedia of Mexico

Clissold, Stephen, (1968), Bernardo O'Higgins and the Independence of Chile


There is no writing by this subject in the database.


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