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Nutrition in Wound Healing

Resource to help raise awareness of the role of nutrition in wound healing

Nutrients - Carbohydrates


Carbohydrates are monomers (single unit) or polymers (multiple units) of sugar units known as saccharides (Webb, 2002). This group of nutrients includes non-starch polysaccharide, which is known more commonly as dietary fibre, and is a carbohydrate that is resistant to digestion by the human gut enzymes. However most carbohydrates are broken down by enzymes, which enables them to be absorbed through the small intestine, so that they can be utilised by the body.

Write down the foods that you think contain carbohydrates. Compare what you have written to the foods identified in the 'Foods high in nutrient' section.

Foods high in Carbohydrate

A wide variety of foods provide carbohydrate. These include:

(Webb, 2002)

Nutrients role in the body

Carbohydrates Role in the body

Carbohydrates provide energy for the body. One of the main carbohydrates that is utilised is glucose.

Glucose is necessary in wound healing for a number of reasons. These include:

(Casey, 1998, Crabtree and Garlick, 1993, and McLaren, 1992)

Research by Ek, Larsson, von Schenck, Thorslund, Unosson and Bjurulf (1990) suggests that where energy intake is insufficient, the risk of pressure ulcer development is increased, as is mortality. Any identified deficiency should therefore be addressed promptly.

Signs of nutrient deficiency / overdose
Signs of Carbohydrate deficiency / overdose

Signs of deficiency:

Excessive energy intake may lead to:

(Ek, Larsson, von Schenck, Thorslund, Unosson and Bjurulf, 1990, Gray and Cooper, 1999, Kemp, 2001, Ripley, 2006, Webb, 2002)

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