RLO: Prokaryotes and eukaryotes

Eukaryotes: characteristics

Eukaryotic means possessing ‘a true nut or kernel’. Here, the genetic material is packaged into chromosomes and is enclosed by a specialised membrane. The resulting structure is called the nucleus. Eukaryotic cells are much bigger - 10-100 µm - and demonstrate a much more diverse and complex internal organisation than prokaryotic cells.

Animals, plants, fungi and protoctists are all constructed of eukaryotic cells, ranging from single to multicellular organisms.


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© 2009 University of Nottingham

The production of this learning object was funded by the Eduserv Foundation

Developer: Liz Hilton

Content author: Leanne Williams, Castle College

RLO released: 26 January 2009

Page last updated: 29 March, 2021